The Study Of Gynecology Definition – Branch of medicine specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions of the female reproductive system. A physician of this medical specialty is called a gynecologist.
The Reproductive System The reproductive system is vital to the continuation of existence of the human race. Produces ova, which are reproductive cells, and provides a place for a healthy pregnancy to occur. The breasts are used to feed the newborn after delivery. Also then secretes the female sex hormones.
Internal Genitalia The internal genitalia consists of the ovaries, fallopian tubes, the uterus, and the vagina. There are two ovaries on each side of the uterus. They produce ova and the sex hormones. Maturation of ova are stimulated by follicle stimulating hormones and luteinizing hormone. Thus ovulation occurs, where ovum is released. The sex hormones are produced are estrogen and progesterone, which stimulate the uterus to prepare for the fertilized ovum.
Internal Genitalia, Continued… The fimbriae is the part of the fallopian tube that catch the ovum after ovulation and directs into the fallopian tube. Then into the uterus for implantation. Conception occurs in the upper half of the fallopian tubes. The uterus consists of the fundus, corpus, and the cervix. The uterus is where the baby grows and is delivered out of the vagina.
External Genitalia The vulva consists of the labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, and perineum. The two labia are used as protection for the genitalia. The clitoris is a sensitive arousing tissue alike the male penis. The perineum is the region between the vaginal opening and the anus.
The Stages of Labor & Delivery
The Dilation Stage During the dilation stage, the uterine muscle contracts to expel the fetus. The fetus presses on the cervix and causes it to expand to 10 cm. when the second stage begins.
The Expulsion Stage This is the birth of the baby stage. Usually crowning occurs when the head is delivered first. Rarely the baby will be flipped and delivered as a breech presentation.
The Placental Stage The placenta is expelled through the vagina. Expulsion is achieved as the uterus continues to contract.