Game Rules


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The basics of game rules.

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Game Rules

  1. 1. Game Rules Rules define game objects and define allowable actions by the players
  2. 2. Game Rules <ul><li>Consider these questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How do players learn the rules? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How are the rules enforced? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What kinds of rules work best in certain situations? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are there patterns to rule sets? What can we learn from these patterns? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Game Rules <ul><li>Rules are generally laid out in the rules document of board and card games. The players must remember and adjudicate the rules. </li></ul><ul><li>Rules in digital games may be explained in the manual, or they may be designed into the program. The program adjudicates the rules and prevents breaking the rules. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Game Rules <ul><li>Rules may close loopholes in a game’s system. Consider the game of Monopoly : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Do not pass go, do not collect $200”. This rule is applied when a player is sent to jail from any spot on the board. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The rule is important because a player could make the argument that moving past “Go” entitles him to collect $200, turning a punishment into a reward. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Game Rules <ul><li>Too many rules may make your game unplayable. </li></ul><ul><li>Too few rules may make your game so simple as to be unchallenging. </li></ul><ul><li>Poorly communicated rules may confuse or alienate players. </li></ul><ul><li>Even in digital games, where the rules are kept by the program, players need to clearly understand the rules so they do not feel cheated. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Examples of Game Rules <ul><li>Poker : A straight is five consecutively ranked cards; a straight flush is five consecutively ranked cards of the same suit. </li></ul><ul><li>Chess : A player cannot move her king into check. </li></ul><ul><li>Go : A player cannot make a move that recreates a previous situation on the board. </li></ul><ul><li>WarCraft II : In order to create knight units, a player must have upgraded to keep and build a stable. </li></ul><ul><li>You Don’t Know Jack : If a player answers a question incorrectly, the other players get a chance to answer. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Rules Define Objects & Concepts <ul><li>Games do not inherit objects from the real world; rather, they create their own objects and concepts, usually as part of the rule set. </li></ul><ul><li>Even if the objects or concepts are familiar, they still need to be defined by the rules. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the Poker rule regarding the concept of a “Straight” or a Straight Flush”: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There is no “Straight” outside the realm of poker. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When you learn the rules of poker, one of the key concepts is to learn the make-up and values of certain hands. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Poker Hands A STRAIGHT refers to five cards in numerical order (3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or 7, 8, 9, 10, J, for example), with the cards belonging to various suits.
  9. 9. Poker Hands FOUR OF A KIND refers to four cards of matching numerical value and one extra card
  10. 10. Poker Hands A STRAIGHT FLUSH is a straight with all cards belonging to the same suit
  11. 11. Poker Hands A ROYAL FLUSH contains the 10, jack, queen, king and ace of a single suit
  12. 12. <ul><li>Royal Flush </li></ul><ul><li>Straight Flush </li></ul><ul><li>Four of a Kind </li></ul><ul><li>Full House </li></ul><ul><li>Flush </li></ul><ul><li>Straight </li></ul><ul><li>Three of a Kind </li></ul><ul><li>Two Pair </li></ul><ul><li>Pair </li></ul><ul><li>High Card </li></ul>LOW HAND HIGH HAND
  13. 13. Poker Hands
  14. 14. <ul><li>Chess uses objects that relate to the real world, but chess simply uses the notion of King, Queen, etc. to give context to the behavior and value of the pieces. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>King </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Queen </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rook </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bishop </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knight </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pawn </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>The game pieces of Monopoly do not have separate values or inherit unique powers. </li></ul><ul><li>The rule concerning these pieces is that they represent a single player and locate the player’s position on the game board. </li></ul><ul><li>Players often argue over who gets what piece, but in terms of gameplay rules, it doesn’t make any difference. That’s the rule as spelled out in Monopoly . </li></ul>
  16. 16. Game Rules