Hidden Lessons in Designing High Performance Schools

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An advanced discussion of modern day school design and how to uncover ways to save energy, water and resources.  This talk also suggests means to make the entire building a vehicle for learning. …

An advanced discussion of modern day school design and how to uncover ways to save energy, water and resources.  This talk also suggests means to make the entire building a vehicle for learning.

By Eric Corey Freed, organicARCHITECT

More in: Design , Business , Technology
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  • 1. E R I C C O R E Y F R E E DPrincipal, organicarchitect Architect LEED Accredited Professional
  • 2. THE MYTH OFSISYPHUS “does the realization of the futilityrequirelife of suicide? No. It requires REVOLT.” -Albert Camus The Myth of Sisyphus
  • 3. T I M E T OREVOLT
  • 4. IT’S HARD TO BE AN ENVIRONMENTALIST 5 the elisabethkublerross.com stages of grief
  • 5. 1FIVE STAGES OF (ENVIRONMENTAL) GRIEF Denial. “This cant be happening...”
  • 6. 2FIVE STAGES OF (ENVIRONMENTAL) GRIEF Anger. “It’s not fair!”
  • 7. 3FIVE STAGES OF (ENVIRONMENTAL) GRIEF Bargaining. “Can’t this wait a little more?”
  • 8. 4FIVE STAGES OF (ENVIRONMENTAL) GRIEF Depression. “What’s the point?!”
  • 9. 5FIVE STAGES OF (ENVIRONMENTAL) GRIEF Acceptance. “Everything will be OK!”
  • 10. greenwashnoundisinformation disseminated by an organization so as topresent an environmentally responsible public image.“That oil company is, like, totally greenwashing.”
  • 11. “Sustainable School Architecture” MARCH 2010 with Lisa Gelfand Wiley & Sons
  • 12. TIME TO DOSOMETHING “SENTIMENT without action is the ruin of the SOUL...” -Edward Abbey
  • 13. LEED Certified Hippies Welcome.
  • 14. 55,394,000 students SOURCE: Capital E
  • 15. 1in5people
  • 16. 60,443,000student growth by 2017
  • 17. schools spend35,000,000,000$ in annual tax dollars
  • 18. 125,766number of schools K-12
  • 19. Schools typicallydesigned just tomeet codes
  • 20. Studies showmany schools areunhealthy
  • 21. poor indoor air quality 8,000,000 children 15,000 schoolsSOURCE: US General Accounting Office
  • 22. 8.7national dropout rates 2007 %
  • 23. 5050 largest cities % graduate
  • 24. 50in Detroit % illiteracy rate marchandmeffre.com
  • 25. greenneed for schools
  • 26. 68% think green costs more SOURCE: Capital Eperception of the green schools among executives
  • 27. Benefits of Green Schools 3% Increased Learning, Productivity & Performance 1.4% Increased Future Earnings of Students 25% Reduced Asthma 15% Reduced Colds and Flu 3% Reduced Teacher Turnover
  • 28. “A school should be a thought-built good-time place for happy children– the school should regard children as a garden in the sun.” Frank Lloyd Wright
  • 29. $ increase per square foot 4 $ savings 71SOURCE: Capital E; US Green Building Council
  • 30. paybacktimes20 over cost of greening
  • 31. 1.65up-front cost of green %
  • 32. 35% SOURCE: Turner Construction Company, 2005 Survey of Green Schools somewhat 52%much betterperception of community image green school benefits
  • 33. 20% much better SOURCE: Turner Construction Company, 2005 Survey of Green Schools54%somewhatability to retain/attract teachers green school benefits
  • 34. 17% much better SOURCE: Turner Construction Company, 2005 Survey of Green Schools55%somewhatreduced student absenteeism green school benefits
  • 35. 24% SOURCE: Turner Construction Company, 2005 Survey of Green Schools much better47%somewhat student performance green school benefits
  • 36. FORMALDEHYDE Finishes use deadly binder in many common materials. TRAPPED AIR Windows don’t open to allow fresh air. GLARE better light. More light isn’t Use proper daylighting. VOC PAINT Unhealthy paints used. Could be VOC free. BLANK slow brain Lack of color WALL development. VAMPIRES Power is consumed whether needed or not. ALLERGENS Carpets trap dust, germs and mold. TOXINS harsh Cleaners contain chemicals.MISSED OPPORTUNITIES
  • 37. 2 annual green building savingsteachers5,000 200 textbooks computers
  • 38. MAINTENANCE HEALTH WATER ENERGY LIGHT EDUCATION
  • 39. MAINTENANCE HEALTH WATER ENERGY LIGHT EDUCATION
  • 40. schools spend more ontrash disposalthannew textbooks
  • 41. MAINTENANCE is the primary decision
  • 42. DESIGNa 40 year building.
  • 43. PREVAILING WAGE determines the walls.
  • 44. there’sno such thing as WASTE
  • 45. LIFECYCLE: a look at the entire life of a MATERIAL or PRODUCT from extraction, manufacture, transport & installation through USE and including disposal
  • 46. ? andsave our clients MONEY
  • 47. TRADITIONAL MATERIALS WOOD
  • 48. TRADITIONAL MATERIALS BAMBOO
  • 49. TRADITIONAL MATERIALS CONCRETE
  • 50. TRADITIONAL MATERIALS GLASS
  • 51. TRADITIONAL MATERIALS VINYL
  • 52. CHANGE YOUR THINKING FINISHES SYSTEMS STRUCTURE SITING YOUR (NEW) PRIORITIES TOWARDS FINISHES: * natural / non-toxic * low embodied energy (includes salvaged) * sustainably harvested * recyclable/biodegradable * recycled content * locally harvested * durability we should not KILL our clients
  • 53. CHANGE YOUR THINKING FINISHES SYSTEMS STRUCTURE SITING YOUR (NEW) GOALS (shown in priority): * indoor environmental quality * water efficiency * site selection & planning * energy reduction * material & resource efficiency * community building these are in ADDITION to budget & schedule
  • 54. MAINTENANCE HEALTH WATER ENERGY LIGHT EDUCATION
  • 55. 3 percentIN 1980 9 percent IN 2003
  • 56. 22 percent higher onS.A.T.’s
  • 57. natural light3.2-.8more days SOURCE: Energy Performance of Daylit Schools in North Carolina (Mike Nicklas and Gary Bailey, 1996)
  • 58. MAINTENANCE HEALTH WATER ENERGY LIGHT EDUCATION
  • 59. 32% savings SOURCE: Capital Egreen schools water savings using ultra low flow fixtures
  • 60. WATER CATCHMENT 1000sf = 632 gal/in 10,000 = 6320 gal/in 30,000sf building / 3 floors = 10,000sf roof area = ____ inches per year 21 x ___ gallons = 132,720 gallons/year 6,320 _______
  • 61. DRIP IRRIGATION 60% WATER SAVINGS
  • 62. POROUS PAVING20˚LOWER TEMPERATURE
  • 63. retrofit with dual flush valves sloanvalve.com
  • 64. collect condensate from A/C
  • 65. MAINTENANCE HEALTH WATER ENERGY LIGHT EDUCATION
  • 66. 110school energy costs $ per student/yr
  • 67. !"#$%&
  • 68. !"#$%&
  • 69. if every school went green20,000,000,000$ over next 10 years
  • 70. GREEN ROOF SAVINGS40%energy savings
  • 71. $ 12-24 sq ft green roof 8 $ sq ft green grid hydrotechusa.com
  • 72. central vs. package units
  • 73. no heat = no school
  • 74. redundant, but reliable
  • 75. NOISY AIR CONDITIONER gets shut off and the door opens.
  • 76. solarsheat.com
  • 77. 8 %school energy savings off ENERGY BILL 1˚ lower THERMOSTAT SOURCE: Capital E
  • 78. agilewaves.com
  • 79. SHADE SOUTH & WEST WINDOWS (here)
  • 80. MAINTENANCE HEALTH WATER ENERGY LIGHT EDUCATION
  • 81. DAYLIGHTING is the most important thing you can do in a school.more than more thanstudent/teacher ratio classroom size
  • 82. daylit schools math progression 20 %Energy Performance of Daylit Schools in North Carolina (Mike Nicklas and Gary Bailey, 1996)
  • 83. daylit schools in reading 26 %Energy Performance of Daylit Schools in North Carolina (Mike Nicklas and Gary Bailey, 1996)
  • 84. Window views increasestudent performance 5-10 %
  • 85. aenhances classr lighting se g g sensors:respond to dayl occ high perfo low e o emitting pa g paintlow energy cons high col r room darkening shade g shades clock and intercom open book shelving g g per p rformance g glazing: g sliding marker board allow light but not heat ws c conceals book shelving transmittance allow user controlled ventilation creates warm air barrier at window rapidly renewable resource rapidly renewable resource views to outside individual controls for each classroom low emitting installation g low emitting material window wall teaching wall display wall casework wall casework wall display wall window wall teaching wall Gelfand Partners COX NEW CONSTRUCTION: TYPICAL CLASSROOM A R C H I T E C T S May 14, 2008
  • 86. MAINTENANCE HEALTH WATER ENERGY LIGHT EDUCATION
  • 87. “Children are notvessels to be filled,but lamps to be lit.”Swami Chinmayananda
  • 88. SMART
  • 89. DUMB
  • 90. • High school students calculating energy from solar panels on the roof.• Middle school students studying ecosystems in their constructed wetland.• Kindergarteners growing lunch in an organic garden.
  • 91. make thewater cyclevisible
  • 92. make theenergy usevisible
  • 93. esynola.org
  • 94. SOURCE: North East Strategic Partnership for Sustainable Schools (NESPSS)www.sustainableschools-ne.org.uk
  • 95. SOURCE: North East Strategic Partnership for Sustainable Schools (NESPSS)www.sustainableschools-ne.org.uk
  • 96. SOURCE: North East Strategic Partnership for Sustainable Schools (NESPSS)www.sustainableschools-ne.org.uk
  • 97. Devon, UK Seaton PrimarySOURCE: North East Strategic Partnership for Sustainable Schools (NESPSS)www.sustainableschools-ne.org.uk
  • 98. Eastchurch Primary, Kent, UK SOURCE: North East Strategic Partnership for Sustainable Schools (NESPSS) www.sustainableschools-ne.org.uk
  • 99. SOURCE: North East Strategic Partnership for Sustainable Schools (NESPSS)www.sustainableschools-ne.org.uk
  • 100. School is aliving classroom
  • 101. saferoutesinfo.org
  • 102. chps.net
  • 103. No Apology: The Case For American GreatnessGov. Mitt Romney
  • 104. #U.S.A.1
  • 105. LIFE EXPECTANCY 38 37. Cuba # 39. Portugal SOURCE: Wikipedia
  • 106. INFANT MORTALITY 46 # 45. Guam 47. Faroe Islands SOURCE: Wikipedia
  • 107. HEALTH CARE31. Finland32. Australia33. Chile34. Denmark35. Dominica36. Costa Rica 37 # SOURCE: World Health Organization38. Slovenia
  • 108. NUMBER OF DOCTORS 52 # per capita 51. Cyprus 53. Slovenia SOURCE: NationMaster.com
  • 109. SOLAR POWER per capita 1. 2. Lux 3. Lao em 4. Jap s bou 5. Co an rg 6 Ne sta 7. the Ri Ko rla ca re nd a, s So uth # SOURCE: NationMaster.com
  • 110. GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT 8 # 7. Ireland 9. Iceland SOURCE: InfoPlease.com
  • 111. EMPLOYMENT10# 9. Canada SOURCE: Wikipedia 11. Australia
  • 112. MINIMUM WAGE 13 # 12. Switzerland SOURCE: Wikipedia 14. Austria
  • 113. EDUCATION SPENDING % of GDP 37 # 37. Estonia SOURCE: NationMaster.com 38. Austria
  • 114. MATHEMATICAL LITERACY 18 # 17. Czech Republic SOURCE: NationMaster.com 19. Germany
  • 115. BEER CONSUMPTION13# 12. Spain SOURCE: Wikipedia 14. Croatia
  • 116. # handgun deathsSOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  • 117. # total crimeSOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  • 118. # prisonersSOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  • 119. # executionsSOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  • 120. # rapeSOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  • 121. # teen pregnancySOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  • 122. # healthcare expenseSOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  • 123. # personal spendingSOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  • 124. # population below 50%SOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  • 125. #plastic surgery1
  • 126. # motor vehicle deathSOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  • 127. # external debtSOURCE: Wikipedia1
  • 128. # military spendingSOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  • 129. # garbage productionSOURCE: InfoPlease.com1
  • 130. # total energy useSOURCE: CIA World Factbook; DOE1
  • 131. # energy consumptionSOURCE: CIA World Factbook; DOE1
  • 132. # oil consumptionSOURCE: CIA World Factbook; DOE1
  • 133. # oil importsSOURCE: CIA World Factbook; DOE1
  • 134. #carbon emissions1
  • 135. # obesitySOURCE: New York Times, National Geographic1
  • 136. 34% 32.7% obese overweight SOURCE: New York Times, MSNBC (skinny nerds)
  • 137. 72,000,000 obese americansSOURCE: New York Times
  • 138. 300,000 obesity is associated with over deaths/yr SOURCE: US Department of Health & Human Services117,000,000$ healthcare costs
  • 139. SOURCE: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health by86of americans obese % 2030
  • 140. 6 %every hourin a careach day increase in likelihood of obesity SOURCE: Georgia Tech Study, 2009
  • 141. 35 %walkable decrease inneighborhoods risk of obesity walkscore.com
  • 142. “lipodiesel”
  • 143. average cost of liposuction 5,000 total cost for surgerynumber of obese americans 360,000,000,000 72,000,000 potential gallons of fat fuel BTUs per gallonaverage pounds per person 514,000,000 x 125,000 50 total BTUs produced 64,250,000,000,000 0.005 cost per BTU
  • 144. 3,210,350metric tons of co2 saved 791,256 homes/year
  • 145. 1.21 gigawatts per person
  • 146. YOUR HOMEWORK 5 what’s next: action steps
  • 147. 1YOUR HOMEWORK take action. do something. think big.
  • 148. 2YOUR HOMEWORK tell others. share your enthusiasm.
  • 149. 3YOUR HOMEWORK fill the materials library with green materials.
  • 150. 4YOUR HOMEWORK make a list of things you will not compromise.
  • 151. 5YOUR HOMEWORK become champion of one issue. innovate.
  • 152. “you must be theCHANGEyou wish to see in the WORLD...” -Mahatma Gandhi
  • 153. organicarchitectCONNECT:DOWNLOAD THIS PRESENTATION: ? QUESTIONS DROP OFF YOUR BUSINESS CARDorganicarchitect.com/downloads/schools.pdf