Benchmarkaims Introduction ASSIST benchmark Motor disabilities Cerebral palsy The benchmark focuses on assistive aids Spina Bifida supporting mobility for people with motor Multiple sclerosis disabilities. The aims of this benchmark are: Spinal cord injury • to understand significant gaps in the field • enhance methodological, cultural and medical Focus Limited when walking know-how on matters related to motor Problems become evident in disabilities day-to-day environment • guide user research Challenges limit effective participation in society • inspire future product development Documented in ASSIST Benchmark & ASSIST-Cards documents
Researchapproach Introduction ASSIST research approach Designers ask themselves: Enable the disabled? The research is divided into: Or make world accessible? Assistive on body devices : these are devices that Assistive on body devices are always in contact with the people, and enable Support the body Complementary to the body the disabled, such as a wheelchair. Not replacing body part Assistive Environments: are not in constant Assistive environments contact with the user, and make the world Differ depending on context accessible, such as a ramp.
2. Assistive on body devices
OverviewAssistive on body devices Wheelchair Rollator To relieve pressure of legs or for For people who are still able to those who cannot stand on their stand by themselves, leaning on it legs to support their body weight and make walking less difficult Stander Crutch/cane For people that are not able to To support body weight to relieve stand by themselves: they are fixed one (injured) leg from pressure or by their waist to the stander, and the need to stand on it with strength in legs, can push forward. Support when switching from sitting to standing
Wheelchair CategoriesAssistive on body devices Opportunities Combination of all design focus point
Wheelchair Multiple functionsAssistive on body devices Opportunity People need one special wheelchair for every need
Wheelchair Manual vs. electricAssistive on body devices The must-haves of electrical wheelchair Opportunities Evolution of electric Advantages of manual wheelchair: wheelchair • Transport easy: small, light and often foldable • Large variety (style, function, etc.) • Looks less medical and fits people’s lifestyle • BUT travel time is limited by strength in arm, if strength is too little, then people MUST use an electric wheelchair
Wheelchair OpportunityAssistive on body devices Change body position Opportunities Standing position for people To reach higher objects, to be able to transfer from the without strength in legs wheelchair to other places and to feel more included Carry-on luggage wheelchair when at the same height as everybody else. Comfortable wheelchair Not just a device A wheelchair is vital and not simply a tool: current versions are too big and heavy for normal carry-on luggage. (dis)comfort It is used for many continuous hours, and every day of people’s lives, the comfort of a wheelchair is of vital importance.
Rollator CategoriesAssistive on body devices Opportunity A portable supporting rollator which is styled according to lifestyle of user
Rollator Stigmatising rollatorAssistive on body devices Opportunity Rollator that fits the lifestyle of the user
Rollator OpportunityAssistive on body devices Travelling Opportunities Go through customs People need to hand in their rollator before customs/ independently security, and are then transported or need to borrow a Preferably with own device rollator from the airport. This not only takes away the security of a familiar and personalised device, it also increases dependence, and positions people as being a person with special needs, or an illness. Everyday tasks Opportunities A rollator can become an obstacle in everyday life. Clearly understand how a rollator affects everyday Therefore the everyday tasks people perform and how a tasks rollator normally affects these tasks needs to be clearly Design support instead of obstruction understood.
Stander CategoriesAssistive on body devices LeapFrog A concept design that combines a stander and a walker not in production
Stander Opportunity PortabilityAssistive on body devices Standers must be transported by a second person, are often very heavy (made out of iron rather than light material), and very difficult to place in a transportation device. Stigmatising Particularly for this aid, it is very clear that these are medical devices. People who use them are very dependent on the aid, and feel it very strongly, due its size and intrusive look. Opportunities Portable & outdoor stander Styling that fits lifestyle
Stander CategoriesAssistive on body devices Opportunities Re-conceive the crutch to not look cheap and simple Crutch that supports everyday life, by designing for frequent user and producing for short-term user
3. Assistive environments
Traveling Opportunities& transfer A system should exist in which people can take their own wheelchairAssistive environments onboard, locking it safely into a seat position. A product and service could be made that improves travel conditions without vastly changing the airplanes themselves. Opportunities A way to decrease the effort needed to transfer from wheelchair to another chair independently
Opportunities Getting in or out of a trainTrains & should not have additionalplanning tasks compared to other passengers. It is an uncomfortable andAssistive environments potentially embarrassing procedure now An intelligent ramp: press ramp button (not wheelchair button) to automatically unfold a low angle ramp. No attention of driver needed Opportunities On-the-go information to avoid the need to plan an entire trip ahead and therefore restricting freedom
Input mobiledevicesAssistive environments Mobile device input Opportunities for input Eye position tracking Many people also experience problems with hand Brain activity coordination and fine motor movements. This means Posture/gesture detection that using a mobile device is difficult. Haptic bracelet (movement detection) In order to make mobile applications available for all Switch by infrared detection motor disabled people, an unobtrusive input device for Silent voice mobiles must be designed. Augmented reality An integrated solution for motor handicapped people: meaning a usable device, with augmented reality for navigation to points of interest for disabled people.
Conclusions • Living in a wheelchair: space between devices and environments is an interesting product development area. • Connecting the dots: people need to constantly re- discover accessibility; no consistent approach. • Mobile input device: problems with fine motor movements (necessary to use mobile devices); an appropriate input device is needed. • Electric wheelchair evolution: has not evolved like manual wheelchairs; large and not flexible. • Design what is needed, not what is possible: research needs to focus more on needs, not solutions.
Credits &Thank you Thank you for your attention! Address Via Cesare Battisti 15 Written by Rogier G. Kauw-A-Tjoe and edited by Erin 10123 Torino, Italy O’Loughlin and Mark Vanderbeeken. T +39 011 812 9687 email@example.com www.experientia.com With extensive and valuable input from Gianni Arduini, Isabella Tiziana Steffan, Michele Visciola and Jan-Christoph Zoels. ASSIST is an applied research project conducted on behalf of Flanders in Shape in cooperation with Antrim, Centrum voor Zorgtechnologie, In-HAM and Enthoven Associates (lead partner).