SWIB 2013 – Hamburg – 26th November 2013

Linked Data for Libraries:
Great Progress
but what is the benefit?
Richard Walli...
The OCLC cooperative: a nonprofit, membership organization

Further access to the world’s information

Reduce the rate of ...
Representing the collective collection
in WorldCat Local and WorldCat.org

Bibliographic
information in
WorldCat
300+ mill...
Multilingual WorldCat

Total Records
English
German
French
Spanish
Japanese
Chinese
Italian
Dutch
Russian
Latin

274 m
108...
SWIB 2013 – Hamburg – 26th November 2013

Linked Data for Libraries:
Great Progress
but what is the benefit?
Richard Walli...
Library Linked Data
on the Web
Yes
A Web of Data?
Not quite yet…
… but things are happening

The world’s libraries. Connec...
Knowledge Graph

K

The world’s libraries. Connected.
An issue for libraries?
Where are our users?

The world’s libraries. Connected.
The world’s libraries. Connected.
Where our users are!

The world’s libraries. Connected.
The world’s libraries. Connected.
Romain Wenz BnF
The world’s libraries. Connected.
The problem with access to library
collections:
People aren’t using the library catalog?
(No… that’s just a fact.)

The re...
library data:

stored as records
author

location

edition

title

holding

source

classification
publisher

ISBN

subjec...
library data:

stored as records
person

place
author

location

edition

title

holding

source

object

concept

classif...
library data stored as entities
person

author

place

object

concept

item
availability

subject

organization

The worl...
library data stored as entities
library knowledge graph
person

place

object

concept

organization

The world’s librarie...
Knowledge cards for libraries

Günter Grass
Born: 16 October 1927
Gdaosk, Poland
German novelist, poet,
playwright, illust...
Knowledge cards for Library data stored as entities
libraries
the library knowledge graph

Günter Grass

Born: 16 October ...
library data stored as entities
Field in a record vs. entity in knowledge graph
person
Günter Grass

object

this copy of
...
We are moving from

cataloguing
to

catalinking

http://

The world’s libraries. Connected.

Eric Miller - Zepheira
The world’s libraries. Connected.
The world’s libraries. Connected.
Tell them about our
resources… their language and methods
…using

http://www.flickr.com/photos/boston_public_library/62205...
WorldCat Linked Data

Linked Data
•
•
•
•

300+ million data resources
Schema.org
Embedded RDFa
Links to Dewey, LCSH, LCNA...
OCLC Heads-up

Works
Linked Data
Work

Hardback

Paperback

eBook

2nd Edition

Example:
<http://www.worldcat.org/entity/w...
OCLC Heads-up

Works Linked Data

<http://www.worldcat.org/entity/work/id/31233333
>

<http://www.worldcat.org/core/work/i...
OCLC Heads-up

Works Linked Data
<http://www.worldcat.org/entity/work/id/31233333>
Current project state:

• Experimental ...
WorldCat Linked Data

Linked Data
•
•
•
•

300+ million data resources
Schema.org
Embedded RDFa
Links to Dewey, LCSH, LCNA...
The world’s libraries. Connected.
Part of the Web of Data

The world’s libraries. Connected.
Part of the Web of Data

The world’s libraries. Connected.
Part of the Web of Data

http://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q238514

Nawal El Saadawi

VIAF

sameAs

http://viaf.org/viaf/842542...
The world’s libraries. Connected.
is
good enough ?
For library data exchange?

No

For sharing library resources with the web? Almost

The world’s libraries...
http://www.w3.org/community/schemabibex
• Short lived group
• Libraries, Publishers, Consumers, System Vendors, Linked
Dat...
BIBFRAME

Bibliographic Framework as a
Web of Data:
It is the foundation for the future of
bibliographic description that ...
≈ Complementary ≈
? Conflict ?
bibliographic description as part of the web

@Fascinatingpics
http://www.flickr.com/photos...
Be Visible on the
Web of Data

Lighting the way to your resources …
…. registered in the network

http://wallpapersfor.me/...
The world’s libraries. Connected.
A Future Role for
Discovery Interfaces?

When part of the Web of Data

• Destinations for external discovery
• Linked Data...
Building a Web
of Data

The world’s libraries. Connected.
Building a Web
of Data
Linking to all
and
all their resources
We all need to participate
The world’s libraries. Connected.
Happening in a hurry?
The web will to
Opportunities
Years not
progress
reach for
Decades
without us
together

The world’s ...
to

Opportunity

connect

users

with

our

The world’s libraries. Connected.

resources
The world’s libraries. Connected.
SWIB 2013 – Hamburg – 26th November 2013

Linked Data for Libraries:
Great Progress
but what is the benefit?
Richard Walli...
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Linked Data for Libraries: Great progress, but what is the benefit?

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Presentation to the Semantic Web in Libraries (SWIB13) Conference in Hamburg - 26th November 2013

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  • We are rapidly extending WorldCat to represent the collective collection of the OCLC cooperative, including physical holdings such as books and journals, licensed digital content, and the growing array of local content that is being digitized. The collective collection of the holdings in the OCLC cooperative accessible through WorldCat.org and WorldCat Local stood at more than 2 billion items.300 million bibliographic records and 2+ billion holdings980 million records for licensed digital content38 million items of digitized local library content, which includes data from OAIster, Hathi Trust and Google BooksCLICK TO WRIGHT BROTHERS
  • As Ted reminded us – all these developments are part of a continuumUsing the technology of the day to best achieve our mission We are using today’s technology – to build a web of data..
  • Linked Data for Libraries: Great progress, but what is the benefit?

    1. 1. SWIB 2013 – Hamburg – 26th November 2013 Linked Data for Libraries: Great Progress but what is the benefit? Richard Wallis Technology Evangelist OCLC @rjw The world’s libraries. Connected.
    2. 2. The OCLC cooperative: a nonprofit, membership organization Further access to the world’s information Reduce the rate of rise of library costs 72,035 libraries in 170 countries OCLC serves libraries The world’s libraries. Connected.
    3. 3. Representing the collective collection in WorldCat Local and WorldCat.org Bibliographic information in WorldCat 300+ million bibliographic records 2+ billion holdings The world’s libraries. Connected. Licensed digital content/articles in library collections Digitized local library content 38 million items 980million records (Institutional repositories, Google, HathiTrust, OAIster) As of 11 June 2013
    4. 4. Multilingual WorldCat Total Records English German French Spanish Japanese Chinese Italian Dutch Russian Latin 274 m 108.6 m 36.5 m 25.5 m 11.3 m 8.0 m 6.5 m 4.7 m 4.3 m 3.6 m 3.5 m 60.2% 30 June 2012 The world’s libraries. Connected.
    5. 5. SWIB 2013 – Hamburg – 26th November 2013 Linked Data for Libraries: Great Progress but what is the benefit? Richard Wallis Technology Evangelist OCLC @rjw The world’s libraries. Connected.
    6. 6. Library Linked Data on the Web Yes A Web of Data? Not quite yet… … but things are happening The world’s libraries. Connected.
    7. 7. Knowledge Graph K The world’s libraries. Connected.
    8. 8. An issue for libraries? Where are our users? The world’s libraries. Connected. The world’s libraries. Connected.
    9. 9. Where our users are! The world’s libraries. Connected. The world’s libraries. Connected.
    10. 10. Romain Wenz BnF The world’s libraries. Connected.
    11. 11. The problem with access to library collections: People aren’t using the library catalog? (No… that’s just a fact.) The real problem is that we don’t expose our collections very well on the web. The world’s libraries. Connected.
    12. 12. library data: stored as records author location edition title holding source classification publisher ISBN subject publication date of The world’s libraries. Connected.
    13. 13. library data: stored as records person place author location edition title holding source object concept classification publisher ISBN date of publication organization The world’s libraries. Connected. work
    14. 14. library data stored as entities person author place object concept item availability subject organization The world’s libraries. Connected. work
    15. 15. library data stored as entities library knowledge graph person place object concept organization The world’s libraries. Connected. work
    16. 16. Knowledge cards for libraries Günter Grass Born: 16 October 1927 Gdaosk, Poland German novelist, poet, playwright, illustrator, graphic artist, sculptor and recipient of the 1999 Nobel Prize in Literature. Works Subjects Germany | German literature | Historical fiction War stories | Black humor | Fantasy Quotes “Even bad books are books and therefore sacred.”— The Tin Drum Find Günter Grass works at: Libraries near me | Online Retailers The world’s libraries. Connected. Google Knowledge Graph
    17. 17. Knowledge cards for Library data stored as entities libraries the library knowledge graph Günter Grass Born: 16 October 1927 Gdaosk, Poland German novelist, poet, playwright, illustrator, graphic artist, sculptor and recipient of the 1999 Nobel Prize in Literature. Works Subjects Germany | German literature | Historical fiction War stories | Black humor | Fantasy Quotes “Even bad books are books and therefore sacred.”— The Tin Drum Find Günter Grass works at: Libraries near me | Online Retailers The world’s libraries. Connected. Library content Web content Links out to e-commerce
    18. 18. library data stored as entities Field in a record vs. entity in knowledge graph person Günter Grass object this copy of “The Tin Drum” library organization The world’s libraries. Connected. place Germany Historical Fiction concept expression “Die Blechtrommel” “The Tin Drum” work
    19. 19. We are moving from cataloguing to catalinking http:// The world’s libraries. Connected. Eric Miller - Zepheira
    20. 20. The world’s libraries. Connected.
    21. 21. The world’s libraries. Connected.
    22. 22. Tell them about our resources… their language and methods …using http://www.flickr.com/photos/boston_public_library/6220572487 The world’s libraries. Connected.
    23. 23. WorldCat Linked Data Linked Data • • • • 300+ million data resources Schema.org Embedded RDFa Links to Dewey, LCSH, LCNAF, DOI, VIAF, FAST • ODC-BY license • June 2012 • Continuing development: • Vocabulary, Content-negotiation, Links, Works, … The world’s libraries. Connected.
    24. 24. OCLC Heads-up Works Linked Data Work Hardback Paperback eBook 2nd Edition Example: <http://www.worldcat.org/entity/work/id/31233333> The world’s libraries. Connected.
    25. 25. OCLC Heads-up Works Linked Data <http://www.worldcat.org/entity/work/id/31233333 > <http://www.worldcat.org/core/work/id/31233333> a <http://purl.org/vocab/frbr/core#Work>, schema:CreativeWork; dc:isPartOf [ a <http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/Series>; schema:name "Occasional paper (Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies) ;" ]; schema:about [ a schema:Intangible; schema:name "Political parties -- Public opinion. -- Hong Kong" ], [ a schema:Intangible; schema:name "Hong Kong (China) -- Politics and government." ]; schema:author [ a schema:Person; schema:name "Liu, Zhaojia." ]; schema:description ""; schema:inLanguage "eng"; schema:name "Public attitude toward political parties in Hong Kong"; skos:narrower <http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/29556612>, <http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/647245064>, <http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/654783642> . The world’s libraries. Connected.
    26. 26. OCLC Heads-up Works Linked Data <http://www.worldcat.org/entity/work/id/31233333> Current project state: • Experimental pre-release • Only RDF/XML • Vocabulary changes coming • No lookup service yet The world’s libraries. Connected.
    27. 27. WorldCat Linked Data Linked Data • • • • 300+ million data resources Schema.org Embedded RDFa Links to Dewey, LCSH, LCNAF, DOI, VIAF, FAST • ODC-BY license • June 2012 • Continuing development: • Vocabulary, Content-negotiation, Links, Works, … The world’s libraries. Connected.
    28. 28. The world’s libraries. Connected.
    29. 29. Part of the Web of Data The world’s libraries. Connected.
    30. 30. Part of the Web of Data The world’s libraries. Connected.
    31. 31. Part of the Web of Data http://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q238514 Nawal El Saadawi VIAF sameAs http://viaf.org/viaf/84254254/ author Worldcat.org/oclc/81453459 The Hidden Face of Eve The world’s libraries. Connected. sameAs Nawal El Saadawi sameAs http://isni-url.oclc.nl/isni/0000000120296695 Nawal El Saadawi
    32. 32. The world’s libraries. Connected.
    33. 33. is good enough ? For library data exchange? No For sharing library resources with the web? Almost The world’s libraries. Connected.
    34. 34. http://www.w3.org/community/schemabibex • Short lived group • Libraries, Publishers, Consumers, System Vendors, Linked Data, Standards Bodies • Library is only one focus The world’s libraries. Connected.
    35. 35. BIBFRAME Bibliographic Framework as a Web of Data: It is the foundation for the future of bibliographic description that happens on, in, and as part of the web and the networked world we live in. http://www.bibframe.org The world’s libraries. Connected.
    36. 36. ≈ Complementary ≈ ? Conflict ? bibliographic description as part of the web @Fascinatingpics http://www.flickr.com/photos/54136840@N00/4921290518/ The world’s libraries. Connected.
    37. 37. Be Visible on the Web of Data Lighting the way to your resources … …. registered in the network http://wallpapersfor.me/storm-beacon/ The world’s libraries. Connected.
    38. 38. The world’s libraries. Connected.
    39. 39. A Future Role for Discovery Interfaces? When part of the Web of Data • Destinations for external discovery • Linked Data publishing hubs • Specialized local discovery The world’s libraries. Connected.
    40. 40. Building a Web of Data The world’s libraries. Connected.
    41. 41. Building a Web of Data Linking to all and all their resources We all need to participate The world’s libraries. Connected.
    42. 42. Happening in a hurry? The web will to Opportunities Years not progress reach for Decades without us together The world’s libraries. Connected.
    43. 43. to Opportunity connect users with our The world’s libraries. Connected. resources
    44. 44. The world’s libraries. Connected.
    45. 45. SWIB 2013 – Hamburg – 26th November 2013 Linked Data for Libraries: Great Progress but what is the benefit? Richard Wallis Technology Evangelist OCLC @rjw The world’s libraries. Connected. http://slideshare.net/rjw
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