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3 Compromises at the Constitutional Convention
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  • 1. 3 Major Compromises
  • 2.  
  • 3. 1. Great Compromise (Connecticut Compromise)
    • This solved the problem of representation in Congress.
    • Congress = Bicameral
    • Each state would have two members in the Senate.
    • In the House of Representatives each state would receive representatives based on population
  • 4. 2. Three-Fifths Compromise
    • Three-fifths of the slaves would count as population of a state.
    • (Every 5 enslaved persons = 3 free persons)
    • Taxed in the same manner
  • 5. 3. Trade Compromise (Commerce Compromise)
    • Congress could not tax exports
    • Congress could regulate trade
    • The President was given the power to make treaties with other countries, but two-thirds of the Senate must approve the treaty
  • 6. Article VII
    • set up a way to ratify (approve) the U.S. Constitution
    • Nine states were needed to ratify the Constitution to make it the new government
    • New Hampshire was the 9th state to ratify
    • North Carolina was the 12th
  • 7. Federalists
    • Those who favored a stronger government and the U.S. Constitution
    • A series of articles were written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton & John Jay supporting the Constitution
  • 8. Reasons why the Federalists supported the Constitution
    • Handle the countries problems
    • Provide order and stability
    • Protect trade
    • Protect the country
    • Provides separation of powers
    • Set up a system of checks & balances
  • 9. Anti-Federalists
    • Reasons why the Anti-Federalists opposed the Constitution
    • No Bill of Rights
    • Strong government would deny people of their rights
    • State & local governments better meet people’s needs
    • It would overrule state laws
    • Held in secret
    • Favored the wealthy