Institutional Vacuity

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Paper presented at the 4th International Lake Tourism Conference, Thunder Bay, Canada, June 22, 2009.

Paper presented at the 4th International Lake Tourism Conference, Thunder Bay, Canada, June 22, 2009.

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  • 1. Institutional Vacuity and the Management of Great Lakes Coastal Zones in Ontario, Canada 4 th International Lake Tourism Conference Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada June 21 st – June 25 th 2009 R.J. Payne Centre for Tourism and Community Development Research Lakehead University
  • 2. Institutional Vacuity
    • 'Institutional Vacuity'
    • Methods
      • New Institutional Analysis
      • Case Study Research
        • Michipicoten Bay, Lake Superior
        • Huron County coast, Lake Huron
    • Conclusion
  • 3. Institutional Vacuity
    • 'Institutional Vacuity'
      • Two dimensions
        • 'emptiness'
          • Here, emptiness in terms of legislation that addresses the coastal zone and related issues
          • Here, emptiness in terms of public organizations that apply appropriate legislation
      • Ontario has no legislation for coastal zone management and no agency with that responsibility
  • 4. Institutional Vacuity
  • 5. Institutional Vacuity
    • New I nstitutional Analysis
      • Legislation, policy and administration as focal areas
      • Performance and effectiveness
      • Science and decision making
      •  Integrated coastal zone management?
  • 6. Institutional Vacuity
    • Methods: Case Studies
      • Michipicoten Bay, Lake Superior
        • Rugged, near-natural conditions
        • Low population density
        • Resource extraction, plus nature-based tourism
      • Huron County Coast, Lake Huron
        • Rural, agricultural but also lake-oriented tourism
        • Higher population density
  • 7. Institutional Vacuity
    • Case Study: Michipicoten Bay, Lake Superior
      • ISSUE : gravel extraction and shipping versus nature-based tourism
      • Management reponsibilities:
        • Land-based: Ontario MNR: gravel extraction, limited tourism
        • Water-based: federal DOT; DFO (water column); MNR: fish
        • Coast: no public agency; citizens' groups vs. Superior Aggregates
      • No structure within which to weigh pro's/con's and make a decision
  • 8. Institutional Vacuity
    • Case Study: Huron County Coast, Lake Huron
      • ISSUE: intensive livestock operations (hogs) vs. tourism (beach use, cottaging, boating)
      • Management responsibilities
        • Land-based: planning, drinking water, agriculture (Ontario); planning (municipalities - devolved from province)
        • Water-based: federal DOT; water column DFO; fish Ontario MNR
        • Coast: no public agency; citizens' organizations
      • No structure within which to weigh pro's/con's and to mediate
  • 9. Institutional Vacuity
    • Conclusions
      • Questions that concern both land and water are not considered
      • Tourism is NOT a high priority for involved agencies
        • As an activity
        • As an activity that requires high quality environmental conditions
    • Hope?
      • Healthy  Great  Lakes,  Strong  Ontario (February, 2009)
        • Talking to Ontarians about p rotecting,  restoring,  using  and  enjoying  the  Great  Lakes