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EDUC6751 Knowledge and Communication Technologies
Digital Natives? Children of the Net Generation   LECTURE TWO Robert J Parkes, PhD
Are You a Digital Native: What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul>
Are You a Digital Native:  What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul>
Are You a Digital Native:  What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </l...
Are You a Digital Native:  What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </l...
Are You a Digital Native:  What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </l...
Are You a Digital Native:  What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </l...
Are You a Digital Native:  What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </l...
Are You a Digital Native:  What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </l...
Are You a Digital Native:  What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </l...
Are You a Digital Native:  What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </l...
Are You a Digital Native:  What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </l...
Are You a Digital Native:  What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </l...
Are You a Digital Native:  What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </l...
Are You a Digital Native:  What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </l...
Are You a Digital Native:  What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </l...
Are You a Digital Native:  What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </l...
Are You a Digital Native:  What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </l...
Are You a Digital Native:  What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </l...
Digital Natives vs   Digital Immigrants <ul><li>The New Media  Literacies.AVI </li></ul>
<ul><li>The Plastic Brain Thesis </li></ul><ul><li>The Actor Network Thesis </li></ul>Digital Natives vs   Digital Immigra...
<ul><li>Twitch speed vs. conventional speed </li></ul>Digital Natives vs   Digital Immigrants
Digital Natives vs   Digital Immigrants <ul><li>Twitch speed vs. conventional speed </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel processing ...
Digital Natives vs   Digital Immigrants <ul><li>Twitch speed vs. conventional speed </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel processing ...
Digital Natives vs   Digital Immigrants <ul><li>Twitch speed vs. conventional speed </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel processing ...
Digital Natives vs   Digital Immigrants <ul><li>Twitch speed vs. conventional speed </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel processing ...
Digital Natives vs   Digital Immigrants <ul><li>Twitch speed vs. conventional speed </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel processing ...
Digital Natives vs   Digital Immigrants <ul><li>Twitch speed vs. conventional speed </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel processing ...
Digital Natives vs   Digital Immigrants <ul><li>Twitch speed vs. conventional speed </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel processing ...
Digital Natives vs   Digital Immigrants <ul><li>Twitch speed vs. conventional speed </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel processing ...
Digital Natives vs   Digital Immigrants <ul><li>Twitch speed vs. conventional speed </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel processing ...
What do kids think? <ul><li>C2536001_500k.wmv </li></ul>
Who is on the Internet? http://www.telco2.net/blog/2009/03/defining_the_digital_generatio_1.html
How many in each generation? http://www.telco2.net/blog/2009/03/defining_the_digital_generatio_1.html
Are these figures changing? http://www.telco2.net/blog/2009/03/defining_the_digital_generatio_1.html
Silver Surfers? <ul><li>Digital Natives may be young and have been weaned on digital technologies; and Digital Immigrants ...
What are the implications for teaching and learning? Learning in Today's  World.flv.AVI Project-Based  Learning.flv.AVI
What are the implications for teaching and learning? <ul><li>Problem Oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Transformation Oriented </...
What are the implications for teaching and learning? <ul><li>Expeditionary Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Game Based Learning ...
Further Reading: <ul><li>Prensky, M. (2001). The games generations: How learners have changed. In  Digital game based lear...
What’s On Next? <ul><li>Coming Up: Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge and Teaching in New Times </li></ul>
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  1. 1. EDUC6751 Knowledge and Communication Technologies
  2. 2. Digital Natives? Children of the Net Generation LECTURE TWO Robert J Parkes, PhD
  3. 3. Are You a Digital Native: What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul>
  4. 4. Are You a Digital Native: What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul>
  5. 5. Are You a Digital Native: What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </li></ul>
  6. 6. Are You a Digital Native: What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </li></ul><ul><li>a URL </li></ul>
  7. 7. Are You a Digital Native: What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </li></ul><ul><li>a URL </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging </li></ul>
  8. 8. Are You a Digital Native: What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </li></ul><ul><li>a URL </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging </li></ul><ul><li>a Wiki </li></ul>
  9. 9. Are You a Digital Native: What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </li></ul><ul><li>a URL </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging </li></ul><ul><li>a Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Tagging </li></ul>
  10. 10. Are You a Digital Native: What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </li></ul><ul><li>a URL </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging </li></ul><ul><li>a Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Tagging </li></ul><ul><li>A Proxy Server </li></ul>
  11. 11. Are You a Digital Native: What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </li></ul><ul><li>a URL </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging </li></ul><ul><li>a Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Tagging </li></ul><ul><li>A Proxy Server </li></ul><ul><li>Hacking </li></ul>
  12. 12. Are You a Digital Native: What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </li></ul><ul><li>a URL </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging </li></ul><ul><li>a Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Tagging </li></ul><ul><li>A Proxy Server </li></ul><ul><li>Hacking </li></ul><ul><li>Cracking </li></ul>
  13. 13. Are You a Digital Native: What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </li></ul><ul><li>a URL </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging </li></ul><ul><li>a Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Tagging </li></ul><ul><li>A Proxy Server </li></ul><ul><li>Hacking </li></ul><ul><li>Cracking </li></ul><ul><li>SMS </li></ul>
  14. 14. Are You a Digital Native: What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </li></ul><ul><li>a URL </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging </li></ul><ul><li>a Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Tagging </li></ul><ul><li>A Proxy Server </li></ul><ul><li>Hacking </li></ul><ul><li>Cracking </li></ul><ul><li>SMS </li></ul><ul><li>Ripping </li></ul>
  15. 15. Are You a Digital Native: What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </li></ul><ul><li>a URL </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging </li></ul><ul><li>a Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Tagging </li></ul><ul><li>A Proxy Server </li></ul><ul><li>Hacking </li></ul><ul><li>Cracking </li></ul><ul><li>SMS </li></ul><ul><li>Ripping </li></ul><ul><li>RSS </li></ul>
  16. 16. Are You a Digital Native: What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </li></ul><ul><li>a URL </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging </li></ul><ul><li>a Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Tagging </li></ul><ul><li>A Proxy Server </li></ul><ul><li>Hacking </li></ul><ul><li>Cracking </li></ul><ul><li>SMS </li></ul><ul><li>Ripping </li></ul><ul><li>RSS </li></ul><ul><li>Sexting </li></ul>
  17. 17. Are You a Digital Native: What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </li></ul><ul><li>a URL </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging </li></ul><ul><li>a Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Tagging </li></ul><ul><li>A Proxy Server </li></ul><ul><li>Hacking </li></ul><ul><li>Cracking </li></ul><ul><li>SMS </li></ul><ul><li>Ripping </li></ul><ul><li>RSS </li></ul><ul><li>Sexting </li></ul><ul><li>An Avatar </li></ul>
  18. 18. Are You a Digital Native: What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </li></ul><ul><li>a URL </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging </li></ul><ul><li>a Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Tagging </li></ul><ul><li>A Proxy Server </li></ul><ul><li>Hacking </li></ul><ul><li>Cracking </li></ul><ul><li>SMS </li></ul><ul><li>Ripping </li></ul><ul><li>RSS </li></ul><ul><li>Sexting </li></ul><ul><li>an Avatar </li></ul><ul><li>a Codec </li></ul>
  19. 19. Are You a Digital Native: What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </li></ul><ul><li>a URL </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging </li></ul><ul><li>a Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Tagging </li></ul><ul><li>A Proxy Server </li></ul><ul><li>Hacking </li></ul><ul><li>Cracking </li></ul><ul><li>SMS </li></ul><ul><li>Ripping </li></ul><ul><li>RSS </li></ul><ul><li>Sexting </li></ul><ul><li>an Avatar </li></ul><ul><li>a Codec </li></ul><ul><li>a Vodcast </li></ul>
  20. 20. Are You a Digital Native: What is . . . ? <ul><li>a Torrent </li></ul><ul><li>Modding </li></ul><ul><li>an IP Address </li></ul><ul><li>a URL </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging </li></ul><ul><li>a Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Tagging </li></ul><ul><li>A Proxy Server </li></ul><ul><li>Hacking </li></ul><ul><li>Cracking </li></ul><ul><li>SMS </li></ul><ul><li>Ripping </li></ul><ul><li>RSS </li></ul><ul><li>Sexting </li></ul><ul><li>an Avatar </li></ul><ul><li>a Codec </li></ul><ul><li>a Vodcast </li></ul><ul><li>a Mash Up </li></ul>
  21. 21. Digital Natives vs Digital Immigrants <ul><li>The New Media Literacies.AVI </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>The Plastic Brain Thesis </li></ul><ul><li>The Actor Network Thesis </li></ul>Digital Natives vs Digital Immigrants
  23. 23. <ul><li>Twitch speed vs. conventional speed </li></ul>Digital Natives vs Digital Immigrants
  24. 24. Digital Natives vs Digital Immigrants <ul><li>Twitch speed vs. conventional speed </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel processing vs . linear processing </li></ul>
  25. 25. Digital Natives vs Digital Immigrants <ul><li>Twitch speed vs. conventional speed </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel processing vs . linear processing </li></ul><ul><li>Graphics first vs. text first </li></ul>
  26. 26. Digital Natives vs Digital Immigrants <ul><li>Twitch speed vs. conventional speed </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel processing vs . linear processing </li></ul><ul><li>Graphics first vs. text first </li></ul><ul><li>Random access vs. step-by-step </li></ul>
  27. 27. Digital Natives vs Digital Immigrants <ul><li>Twitch speed vs. conventional speed </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel processing vs . linear processing </li></ul><ul><li>Graphics first vs. text first </li></ul><ul><li>Random access vs. step-by-step </li></ul><ul><li>Connected vs. standalone </li></ul>
  28. 28. Digital Natives vs Digital Immigrants <ul><li>Twitch speed vs. conventional speed </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel processing vs . linear processing </li></ul><ul><li>Graphics first vs. text first </li></ul><ul><li>Random access vs. step-by-step </li></ul><ul><li>Connected vs. standalone </li></ul><ul><li>Active vs. passive </li></ul>
  29. 29. Digital Natives vs Digital Immigrants <ul><li>Twitch speed vs. conventional speed </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel processing vs . linear processing </li></ul><ul><li>Graphics first vs. text first </li></ul><ul><li>Random access vs. step-by-step </li></ul><ul><li>Connected vs. standalone </li></ul><ul><li>Active vs. passive </li></ul><ul><li>Play vs. work </li></ul>
  30. 30. Digital Natives vs Digital Immigrants <ul><li>Twitch speed vs. conventional speed </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel processing vs . linear processing </li></ul><ul><li>Graphics first vs. text first </li></ul><ul><li>Random access vs. step-by-step </li></ul><ul><li>Connected vs. standalone </li></ul><ul><li>Active vs. passive </li></ul><ul><li>Play vs. work </li></ul><ul><li>Payoff vs . patience </li></ul>
  31. 31. Digital Natives vs Digital Immigrants <ul><li>Twitch speed vs. conventional speed </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel processing vs . linear processing </li></ul><ul><li>Graphics first vs. text first </li></ul><ul><li>Random access vs. step-by-step </li></ul><ul><li>Connected vs. standalone </li></ul><ul><li>Active vs. passive </li></ul><ul><li>Play vs. work </li></ul><ul><li>Payoff vs . patience </li></ul><ul><li>Fantasy vs . reality </li></ul>
  32. 32. Digital Natives vs Digital Immigrants <ul><li>Twitch speed vs. conventional speed </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel processing vs . linear processing </li></ul><ul><li>Graphics first vs. text first </li></ul><ul><li>Random access vs. step-by-step </li></ul><ul><li>Connected vs. standalone </li></ul><ul><li>Active vs. passive </li></ul><ul><li>Play vs. work </li></ul><ul><li>Payoff vs . patience </li></ul><ul><li>Fantasy vs . reality </li></ul><ul><li>Technology-as-friend vs. technology-as-foe </li></ul>
  33. 33. What do kids think? <ul><li>C2536001_500k.wmv </li></ul>
  34. 34. Who is on the Internet? http://www.telco2.net/blog/2009/03/defining_the_digital_generatio_1.html
  35. 35. How many in each generation? http://www.telco2.net/blog/2009/03/defining_the_digital_generatio_1.html
  36. 36. Are these figures changing? http://www.telco2.net/blog/2009/03/defining_the_digital_generatio_1.html
  37. 37. Silver Surfers? <ul><li>Digital Natives may be young and have been weaned on digital technologies; and Digital Immigrants are usually older and have discovered mobile telephony and the internet in their adult lives. </li></ul><ul><li>However, differences in internet usage and adoption of ‘Web 2.0 behaviour do not divide neatly between the younger and older generations. There are not only more and more ‘silver surfers’, but they are also displaying decidedly Web 2.0 tendencies. </li></ul>
  38. 38. What are the implications for teaching and learning? Learning in Today's World.flv.AVI Project-Based Learning.flv.AVI
  39. 39. What are the implications for teaching and learning? <ul><li>Problem Oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Transformation Oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-Modal </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-Layered </li></ul><ul><li>Modular </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive </li></ul>
  40. 40. What are the implications for teaching and learning? <ul><li>Expeditionary Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Game Based Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Problem Based Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Project Based Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Design Based Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Authentic Pedagogy </li></ul>
  41. 41. Further Reading: <ul><li>Prensky, M. (2001). The games generations: How learners have changed. In Digital game based learning (pp. 1-26). McGraw Hill. </li></ul><ul><li>The New Media Consortium. (2008). The 2008 Horizon Report. California: The New Media consortium and the Educause Learning Initiative. </li></ul>
  42. 42. What’s On Next? <ul><li>Coming Up: Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge and Teaching in New Times </li></ul>
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