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Fear, Fairness, and Fox News: Forces shaping how the public thinks about Islam and American Muslims
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Fear, Fairness, and Fox News: Forces shaping how the public thinks about Islam and American Muslims

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Presentation given by Robert P. Jones, CEO of Public Religion Research Institute, at Duke University on March 31, 2011.

Presentation given by Robert P. Jones, CEO of Public Religion Research Institute, at Duke University on March 31, 2011.

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  • Knowing someone: Big gaps by education (college grads 62%, hs or less 26%) and age (<50 49%, 50 and over 31%).
  • The number of Americans holding an favorable view of Islam has dropped in last 5 years from 41% in 2005 to 30% in 2010. Interestingly, the number of Americans saying they have unfavorable views of Islam have remained steady: 36% in 2005, 38% in 2010 (Pew 2010). Implication: in GP slip has been from favorable to uncertainty.Huge favorability gaps by age (65 20% favorable), education (college 47% favorable, hs or less 20% favorable), party.
  • There is no political or demographic group in which a majority says Islam encourages violence more than other religions. Republicans (47% agree, 38% disagree) vs. Democrats (24% agree vs. 50% disagree).
  • 61% of Americans who consider themselves a part of the Christian Right agree with this statement.
  • Slim majority (51%) of white evangelical Protestants agree, 40% disagree.
  • Democrats (46% favor, 53% oppose), Republicans (8% favor, 85% oppose w/ 62% strongly opposing)
  • 7-in-10 evangelicals say hearings good idea.
  • Interestingly, although the effect is small, Americans age 65 and older were significantly LESS likely than younger Americans to say that the hearings are a good idea, despite the fact that they are MORE likely to think Islam is not compatible with American values and way of life and to have more negative views towards Islam and Muslim Americans on a range of other questions.

Fear, Fairness, and Fox News: Forces shaping how the public thinks about Islam and American Muslims Fear, Fairness, and Fox News: Forces shaping how the public thinks about Islam and American Muslims Presentation Transcript

  • Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    Forces shaping how the public thinks about Islam and American Muslims
  • PRRI Data Resources
    Poll: King Hearings (PRRI/RNS Religion News Survey, 02/2011)
    http://www.publicreligion.org/research/?id=435
    Op-ed, “Fears, Fairness, and Fox News: Three Forces Shaping How the Public Thinks about American Muslims,” Washington Post (02/24/2011)
    http://bit.ly/PRRI_fear_fairness_Islam
    Poll: Islam and American Values (Public Religion Research Institute, Pre-election American Values Survey, 09/2010)
    http://www.publicreligion.org/research/published/?id=428
    Poll: Park 51 Islamic Community Center and Mosque Controversy (PRRI/RNS Religion News Survey, 08/2010)http://www.publicreligion.org/research/published/?id=358
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    2
  • Other Data Sources
    CNN Opinion Research Poll (03/2011)
    Los Angeles Times Survey, 08/2002.
    Pew Research Center Surveys, 2003 – 2010.
    Pew Research Center, Religion and Politics Survey, 08/2009.
    Pew Research Center, Omnibus, 08/2010.
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    3
  • Context – Low Information
    Knowledge of Islam
    Personal Relationships with Muslims
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    4
  • Relationships with Muslims andKnowledge of Islam
    41%
    Percent of Americans who say they know someone who is Muslim.
    Source: Pew Research Center, 08/2010 (N-1,003).
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    5
    45%
    Percent of Americans who feel well informed about Islam, the Muslim Religion, and about the practices and beliefs of Muslims.
    Source: PRRI/RNS Religion News Survey, 02/2011 (N=1,015).
  • Feel Well-Informed about IslamBy Trusted Media Sources
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    6
  • Trends
    Knowledge of Islam
    Favorability of Islam and Muslims
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    7
  • Knowledge about Islam
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    8
  • Favorable Views of IslamBy Party Affiliation
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    9
  • Views of Islam and Violence
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    10
  • Favorability of American Muslims
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    11
  • Discrimination and Acceptance of Muslims in America
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    12
  • Deep Divides over Islam’s Compatibility with ‘American Values’
    Percent who agree:
    The values of Islam, the Muslim religion, are at odds with American values and way of life.
    Source: Public Religion Research Institute, Post-election American Values Survey, 11/2010 (N=1,494).
    Fears, Fairness, and Fox News
    13
  • Majority Believe Muslims Face ‘A Lot’ of Discrimination
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    14
  • Muslims Unfairly Targeted by Law Enforcement by Party Affiliation
    Fears, Fairness, and Fox News
    15
  • Muslims & American Religious Landscape by Party Affiliation
    Fears, Fairness, and Fox News
    16
  • The Park51 Islamic Community Center and Mosque Controversy
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    17
  • Opposition to Park51 Community Center/Mosque near World Trade Center Site
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    18
  • Support for Muslims building Mosques inLocal Communities
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    19
  • World Trade Center Site as Sacred Ground
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    20
  • Support for Park51 Community Center/Mosque by Views of Sacred Ground
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    21
  • The Rep. Peter King Congressional Hearings
    Wrestling with Fear and Fairness
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    22
  • King Hearings: Fear and Fairness
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    23
  • Fear and Fairness by Party Affiliation
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    24
  • The Fox News Effect
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    25
  • Hearings good idea by Trusted News Sources
    Fears, Fairness, and Fox News
    26
  • Fox News EffectStrongest Independent Predictor of Views
    Trust in Fox News is a more powerful independent predictor of saying the King hearings are a good idea than evangelical affiliation, Republican Party affiliation, education, or age. Race and gender are not significant.
    Holding other demographic characteristics constant, Americans who most trust Fox News are 4 times more likely than those who most trust other TV news sources to say the upcoming hearings on alleged Muslim extremism are a good idea.
    Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    27
  • Fox News Effect among Republicans
    Fears, Fairness, and Fox News
    28
  • Fox News Effect among Evangelicals
    Fears, Fairness, and Fox News
    29
  • Fear, Fairness, and Fox News
    Forces shaping how the public thinks about Islam and American Muslims
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