“ To take a photograph is to align the head, the eye and the heart. <br />It's a way of life. ”<br />				~ Henri Cartier-B...
COMPOSITION <br />& <br />PORTRAITURE<br />
What is Composition?<br />In the visual arts – in particular painting, graphic design, photography and sculpture – composi...
Composition Guides<br /><ul><li>Rule of Thirds
Simplicity/Simplification
Rule of Space/ Lead Room
Limiting Focus
Converging composition
Lines
Shooting angles/Perspective
Focal Point
Framing</li></li></ul><li>Rule of Thirds<br />
Rule of Thirds<br /><ul><li>Prevent the subject and areas of interest from bisecting the image
Placement of elements near one of the lines that would divide the image into three equal columns and rows
Placement of important elements or part of the subject at least near the intersection of those lines</li></li></ul><li>Rul...
Rule of Thirds<br />
Rule of Thirds<br />
Rule of Thirds<br />
Rule of Thirds<br />
Simplicity/Simplification<br />
Simplicity/Simplification<br /><ul><li>Eliminate clutter or distraction from the main element of the image
Drawing focus on your subject
Keeping it simple</li></li></ul><li>Simplicity/Simplification<br />
Simplicity/Simplification<br />
Simplicity/Simplification<br />
Simplicity/Simplification<br />
Rule of Space/Lead Room<br />
Rule of Space/Lead Room<br /><ul><li>Space in front, and in the direction, of moving or stationary subjects.
Picturing objects with illusion of movements</li></li></ul><li>Rule of Space/Lead Room<br />
Limiting Focus<br />
Limiting Focus<br /><ul><li>Use wide aperture
Render everything not the subject out of focus</li></li></ul><li>Limiting Focus<br />
Limiting Focus<br />
Converging Composition<br />
Converging Composition<br /><ul><li>Leading the viewer’s eye into the depth of the photo
A symmetrical composition leading to the center</li></li></ul><li>Converging Composition<br />
Converging Composition<br />
Converging Composition<br />
Converging Composition<br />
Lines<br />
Lines<br /><ul><li>Lead the eye towards the focal point of a photo
Vertical Lines
Horizontal Lines
Diagonal Lines</li></li></ul><li>Lines<br />
Lines<br />
Lines<br />
Lines<br />
Lines<br />
Shooting Angles /<br />Perspective<br />
Shooting Angles/Perspective<br /><ul><li>Try different angles when shooting
Introduce a point of view to people that they don’t see in everyday life</li></li></ul><li>Shooting Angles/Perspective<br />
Shooting Angles/Perspective<br />
Shooting Angles/Perspective<br />
Shooting Angles/Perspective<br />
Shooting Angles/Perspective<br />
Focal Point<br />
Focal Point<br /><ul><li>An element where your eye is naturally drawn to when you look at them at the scene
You may use rule of third to position your focal point</li></li></ul><li>Focal Point<br />
Focal Point<br />
Focal Point<br />
Framing<br />
Framing<br /><ul><li>What to include and what to miss out when taking a photo
Distracting foreground objects might be useful for framing
Adjust framing by moving or by using your zoom
Changing orientation of your camera
Using less common angles might work</li></li></ul><li>Framing<br />
Framing<br />
Framing<br />
Framing<br />
Portraiture<br />
What is Portraiture?<br /><ul><li>The capture by means of photography of the likeness of a person or a small group of peop...
Display the likeness, personality, and even the mood of the subject.
Focus is on the person’s face, entire body at times together with the background.
Composed image of a person in a still position.
Often shows a person looking directly at the camera.
Subjects of portrait photography are often non-professional models
Portraying the person with elements of his life</li></li></ul><li>Style of Portraiture<br />
Styles of Portraiture<br /><ul><li>Capturing the subject’s eyes
Face in sharp focus while the rest are rendered soft focus or blurred
Emphasis on the composition of the hands
Composition of parts of the body
Composition of the entire body itself.</li></li></ul><li>Approaches to Portraiture<br />
Constructionist<br />
Approaches to Portraiture<br /><ul><li>Constructionist
Constructs an idea around the portrait
Used extensively in advertising and marketing when an idea has to be put across
Base on pre-visualize themes
ex. happy family, romantic couple, trustworthy executive</li></li></ul><li>Approaches to Portraiture<br />
Approaches to Portraiture<br />
Approaches to Portraiture<br />
Approaches to Portraiture<br />
Environmental<br />
Approaches to Portraiture<br /><ul><li>Environmental
depicts the subject in their environment be that a work, leisure, social or family one.
often shown as doing something, a teacher in a classroom, an artist in a studio, a child in a playground.
more is revealed about the subject</li></li></ul><li>Approaches to Portraiture<br />
Approaches to Portraiture<br />
Approaches to Portraiture<br />
Candid<br />
Approaches to Portraiture<br /><ul><li>Candid
where people are photographed without their knowledge going about their daily business.
candid photography is important as a historical source of information about people.</li></li></ul><li>Approaches to Portra...
Approaches to Portraiture<br />
Approaches to Portraiture<br />
Creative<br />
Approaches to Portraiture<br /><ul><li>Creative
digital manipulation is brought to bear to produce wonderful pictures of people.
ex. composite images</li></li></ul><li>Approaches to Portraiture<br />
Approaches to Portraiture<br />
Approaches to Portraiture<br />
Approaches to Portraiture<br />
Lighting for Portraits<br />
Controlled Lighting<br />
Controlled Lighting<br /><ul><li>By means of using one or more artificial lights such small flashes or studio strobes
Types of Light:
Key Light or Main Light
Fill Light
Back Light
Kicker Light
Controlled Light Modifiers ex. Umbrella, Softbox, Snoots, etc…</li></li></ul><li>Controlled Lighting<br />
Controlled Lighting<br />
Controlled Lighting<br />
Controlled Lighting<br />
Controlled Lighting<br />
Controlled Lighting<br />
Ambient Light<br />
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Composition & Portraiture

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I was tasked to give a talk about Composition and Portraiture at the Philippine Embassy last June 10, 2011 inline with the Philippine Independence Day celebration. This presentation is an outline of the topic that will give you starting point on the subject matter. Pictures used in the presentation were all captured by me, except for the posing styles examples which i got off from google. Thanks for reading, hope to see you next time.

Renen Jose Navalta
http://www.facebook.com/rjnworksdotcom

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Composition & Portraiture

  1. 1. “ To take a photograph is to align the head, the eye and the heart. <br />It's a way of life. ”<br /> ~ Henri Cartier-Bresson<br />
  2. 2. COMPOSITION <br />& <br />PORTRAITURE<br />
  3. 3. What is Composition?<br />In the visual arts – in particular painting, graphic design, photography and sculpture – composition is the placement or arrangement of visual elements or ingredients in a work of art, as distinct from the subject of a work. It can also be thought of as the organization of the elements of art according to the principles of art.<br />The term composition means 'putting together,' and can apply to any work of art, from music to writing, that is arranged or put together using conscious thought. In the visual arts, composition is often used interchangeably with various terms such as design, form, visual ordering, or formal structure, depending on the context.<br />
  4. 4. Composition Guides<br /><ul><li>Rule of Thirds
  5. 5. Simplicity/Simplification
  6. 6. Rule of Space/ Lead Room
  7. 7. Limiting Focus
  8. 8. Converging composition
  9. 9. Lines
  10. 10. Shooting angles/Perspective
  11. 11. Focal Point
  12. 12. Framing</li></li></ul><li>Rule of Thirds<br />
  13. 13. Rule of Thirds<br /><ul><li>Prevent the subject and areas of interest from bisecting the image
  14. 14. Placement of elements near one of the lines that would divide the image into three equal columns and rows
  15. 15. Placement of important elements or part of the subject at least near the intersection of those lines</li></li></ul><li>Rule of Thirds<br />
  16. 16. Rule of Thirds<br />
  17. 17. Rule of Thirds<br />
  18. 18. Rule of Thirds<br />
  19. 19. Rule of Thirds<br />
  20. 20. Simplicity/Simplification<br />
  21. 21. Simplicity/Simplification<br /><ul><li>Eliminate clutter or distraction from the main element of the image
  22. 22. Drawing focus on your subject
  23. 23. Keeping it simple</li></li></ul><li>Simplicity/Simplification<br />
  24. 24. Simplicity/Simplification<br />
  25. 25. Simplicity/Simplification<br />
  26. 26. Simplicity/Simplification<br />
  27. 27. Rule of Space/Lead Room<br />
  28. 28. Rule of Space/Lead Room<br /><ul><li>Space in front, and in the direction, of moving or stationary subjects.
  29. 29. Picturing objects with illusion of movements</li></li></ul><li>Rule of Space/Lead Room<br />
  30. 30. Limiting Focus<br />
  31. 31. Limiting Focus<br /><ul><li>Use wide aperture
  32. 32. Render everything not the subject out of focus</li></li></ul><li>Limiting Focus<br />
  33. 33. Limiting Focus<br />
  34. 34. Converging Composition<br />
  35. 35. Converging Composition<br /><ul><li>Leading the viewer’s eye into the depth of the photo
  36. 36. A symmetrical composition leading to the center</li></li></ul><li>Converging Composition<br />
  37. 37. Converging Composition<br />
  38. 38. Converging Composition<br />
  39. 39. Converging Composition<br />
  40. 40. Lines<br />
  41. 41. Lines<br /><ul><li>Lead the eye towards the focal point of a photo
  42. 42. Vertical Lines
  43. 43. Horizontal Lines
  44. 44. Diagonal Lines</li></li></ul><li>Lines<br />
  45. 45. Lines<br />
  46. 46. Lines<br />
  47. 47. Lines<br />
  48. 48. Lines<br />
  49. 49. Shooting Angles /<br />Perspective<br />
  50. 50. Shooting Angles/Perspective<br /><ul><li>Try different angles when shooting
  51. 51. Introduce a point of view to people that they don’t see in everyday life</li></li></ul><li>Shooting Angles/Perspective<br />
  52. 52. Shooting Angles/Perspective<br />
  53. 53. Shooting Angles/Perspective<br />
  54. 54. Shooting Angles/Perspective<br />
  55. 55. Shooting Angles/Perspective<br />
  56. 56. Focal Point<br />
  57. 57. Focal Point<br /><ul><li>An element where your eye is naturally drawn to when you look at them at the scene
  58. 58. You may use rule of third to position your focal point</li></li></ul><li>Focal Point<br />
  59. 59. Focal Point<br />
  60. 60. Focal Point<br />
  61. 61. Framing<br />
  62. 62. Framing<br /><ul><li>What to include and what to miss out when taking a photo
  63. 63. Distracting foreground objects might be useful for framing
  64. 64. Adjust framing by moving or by using your zoom
  65. 65. Changing orientation of your camera
  66. 66. Using less common angles might work</li></li></ul><li>Framing<br />
  67. 67. Framing<br />
  68. 68. Framing<br />
  69. 69. Framing<br />
  70. 70. Portraiture<br />
  71. 71. What is Portraiture?<br /><ul><li>The capture by means of photography of the likeness of a person or a small group of people, in which the face and expression is predominant.
  72. 72. Display the likeness, personality, and even the mood of the subject.
  73. 73. Focus is on the person’s face, entire body at times together with the background.
  74. 74. Composed image of a person in a still position.
  75. 75. Often shows a person looking directly at the camera.
  76. 76. Subjects of portrait photography are often non-professional models
  77. 77. Portraying the person with elements of his life</li></li></ul><li>Style of Portraiture<br />
  78. 78. Styles of Portraiture<br /><ul><li>Capturing the subject’s eyes
  79. 79. Face in sharp focus while the rest are rendered soft focus or blurred
  80. 80. Emphasis on the composition of the hands
  81. 81. Composition of parts of the body
  82. 82. Composition of the entire body itself.</li></li></ul><li>Approaches to Portraiture<br />
  83. 83. Constructionist<br />
  84. 84. Approaches to Portraiture<br /><ul><li>Constructionist
  85. 85. Constructs an idea around the portrait
  86. 86. Used extensively in advertising and marketing when an idea has to be put across
  87. 87. Base on pre-visualize themes
  88. 88. ex. happy family, romantic couple, trustworthy executive</li></li></ul><li>Approaches to Portraiture<br />
  89. 89. Approaches to Portraiture<br />
  90. 90. Approaches to Portraiture<br />
  91. 91. Approaches to Portraiture<br />
  92. 92. Environmental<br />
  93. 93. Approaches to Portraiture<br /><ul><li>Environmental
  94. 94. depicts the subject in their environment be that a work, leisure, social or family one.
  95. 95. often shown as doing something, a teacher in a classroom, an artist in a studio, a child in a playground.
  96. 96. more is revealed about the subject</li></li></ul><li>Approaches to Portraiture<br />
  97. 97. Approaches to Portraiture<br />
  98. 98. Approaches to Portraiture<br />
  99. 99. Candid<br />
  100. 100. Approaches to Portraiture<br /><ul><li>Candid
  101. 101. where people are photographed without their knowledge going about their daily business.
  102. 102. candid photography is important as a historical source of information about people.</li></li></ul><li>Approaches to Portraiture<br />
  103. 103. Approaches to Portraiture<br />
  104. 104. Approaches to Portraiture<br />
  105. 105. Creative<br />
  106. 106. Approaches to Portraiture<br /><ul><li>Creative
  107. 107. digital manipulation is brought to bear to produce wonderful pictures of people.
  108. 108. ex. composite images</li></li></ul><li>Approaches to Portraiture<br />
  109. 109. Approaches to Portraiture<br />
  110. 110. Approaches to Portraiture<br />
  111. 111. Approaches to Portraiture<br />
  112. 112. Lighting for Portraits<br />
  113. 113. Controlled Lighting<br />
  114. 114. Controlled Lighting<br /><ul><li>By means of using one or more artificial lights such small flashes or studio strobes
  115. 115. Types of Light:
  116. 116. Key Light or Main Light
  117. 117. Fill Light
  118. 118. Back Light
  119. 119. Kicker Light
  120. 120. Controlled Light Modifiers ex. Umbrella, Softbox, Snoots, etc…</li></li></ul><li>Controlled Lighting<br />
  121. 121. Controlled Lighting<br />
  122. 122. Controlled Lighting<br />
  123. 123. Controlled Lighting<br />
  124. 124. Controlled Lighting<br />
  125. 125. Controlled Lighting<br />
  126. 126. Ambient Light<br />
  127. 127. Ambient Light<br /><ul><li>Sunlight
  128. 128. Window Light
  129. 129. Overcast Skies
  130. 130. Ambient Light Modifiers ex. Reflectors, Translucent clothes, Glass mirrors
  131. 131. Best time for ambient light are early in the morning or late in the afternoon</li></li></ul><li>Ambient Light<br />
  132. 132. Ambient Light<br />
  133. 133. Ambient Light<br />
  134. 134. Mixed Lighting<br />
  135. 135. Mixed Lighting<br /><ul><li>The use of controlled light such flash combined with ambient light.
  136. 136. Beneficial to photographers with limited lighting equipment</li></li></ul><li>Mixed Lighting<br />
  137. 137. Mixed Lighting<br />
  138. 138. Mixed Lighting<br />
  139. 139. Portrait Posing Styles<br />
  140. 140. Portrait Posing Styles<br />
  141. 141. Framing Tips<br />
  142. 142. Framing Tips<br /><ul><li>Profile shot
  143. 143. Head shot
  144. 144. Upper torso
  145. 145. Whole body
  146. 146. With elements of the environment
  147. 147. Angles/Perspective
  148. 148. Extending beyond the rules</li></li></ul><li>Profile Shot<br />
  149. 149. Head Shot<br />
  150. 150. Upper Torso<br />
  151. 151. Whole Body<br />
  152. 152. With elements of the environment<br />
  153. 153. Angles/Perspective<br />
  154. 154. Extending beyond the rules<br />
  155. 155. Extending beyond the rules<br />
  156. 156. Extending beyond the rules<br />
  157. 157. Extending beyond the rules<br />
  158. 158. Extending beyond the rules<br />
  159. 159. Extending beyond the rules<br />
  160. 160. Post-Production<br />
  161. 161. Post-Production<br /><ul><li>Commonly known as post-processing or treatment of photos
  162. 162. Use of software such as Photoshop and Lightroom
  163. 163. Enhance photos, such as retouching, clean up and cropping.
  164. 164. Applying treatment based on the nature of the photo
  165. 165. Done with limits
  166. 166. Not to be confused with digital art.</li></li></ul><li>Post-Production<br />
  167. 167. Post-Production<br />
  168. 168. Post-Production<br />
  169. 169. Post-Production<br />
  170. 170. Post-Production<br />
  171. 171. PRACTICE….<br />
  172. 172. Let’s Connect:<br />RJNWORKS Digital Photography<br />www.facebook.com/rjnworksdotcom<br />www.flickr.com/rjnworks<br />Are you a Filipino Photographer in Abu Dhabi and interested to join a photography club? <br />Check a couple of clubs here in the emirates.<br />LightsourceFilipino Photographers<br />www.facebook.com/lightsourceph<br />Shootercada Photographers Circle<br />www.facebook.com/shootercada.photographerscircle<br />

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