How does the European Space Agency impact the economy?


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How does the European Space Agency impact the economy?

  1. 1. How does the European Space Agency impact the economy and society? Ryan Laird (UK), International Space University SSP13 Kindly supported by an ISU scholarship from:
  2. 2. ● Much data is presented online by varying states which ESA comprises but are in varying formats and not in one place ● Complex political environment in Europe between ESA, EU, EUMETSAT, NATO, UN etc. ● Highlight key areas space impacts society ● Highlight spin-off benefits of space to society ● Common question - “What’s in it for me?”, “How does it impact my community?” Motivation:
  3. 3. Source: Zervos, Lecture #36
  4. 4. ● 20 member states, 3 cooperating states + Canada in cooperation agreement ● HQ in Paris, France ● Sites across a number of European countries with differing responsibilities ● €4.28 B budget (2013)* ● Member states contribute to programmes based on GDP ● ‘Mandatory’ vs ‘optional’ programmes ● International cooperation is key! How ESA operates *Source: Budget as presented during DG Press Conference - 24th January, 2013
  5. 5. ESA Budget 2013 Source: Budget as presented during DG Press Conference - 24th January, 2013
  6. 6. ESA Budget by Domain for 2013 Source: Budget as presented during DG Press Conference - 24th January, 2013
  7. 7. Just some examples... 1. Road & traffic management 2. Environmental protection 3. Marine Environment & Maritime protection 4. Emergency response 5. Sustainable energy But space is much more... Space: “What’s in it for me?”
  8. 8. Source: Space Foundation Report, 2013
  9. 9. ● The upstream sector includes manufacturers of space hardware and providers of services that enable the launch of systems into space. This comprises prime companies and systems integrators for space and ground equipment, which in turn build on the contributions of subsystem and component suppliers. ● The downstream sector includes operators of satellites and providers of space-enabled products and services. These range from products and services which can only be delivered through space to those which compete with or complement other forms of enabling infrastructures and / or services. Upstream vs downstream
  10. 10. Innovation and growth Number of R&D personnel in selected regions or countries, 1995-2009. Source: National Science Foundation S&E Indicators 2012 Jobs!!!
  11. 11. Innovation and Growth Strategy (IGS) 2010 to 2030, IGS (2010) ● Resulted in Satellite Applications Catapult - established by the UK Technology Strategy Board "to support UK industry and become a world-class centre for the development and commercial exploitation of space” ● A proposed expansion will provide an estimated 100,000 new jobs in the country. UK Example
  12. 12. Following a successful ESA feasibility test, the UK Space Agency have provided £60m investment, and will back technical improvements leading to construction of a prototype Synergistic Air-Breathing Rocket Engine, or SABRE. Designed by UK company Reaction Engines Ltd, this unique engine will use atmospheric air in the early part of the flight before switching to rocket mode for the final ascent to orbit.
  13. 13. ESA Technology Transfer Programme ESA spin-offs 2012. Source: Space Foundation Report, 2013 A next-generation device for predicting the range of electric vehicles is being introduced by German start-up company mapZero, hosted at ESA Business Incubation Centre Darmstadt, Germany. Credit: ESA
  14. 14. 1. Make information more easily accessible and comprehensible. Reports may be useful for businesses, but to sell space to the public (and politicians) we need to show the key information more effectively 2. Relate everyday activities to space and help promote the range of space applications 3. Market space! Everyone else does. 4. Highlight jobs and growth in the economy 5. Highlight examples of possible 'disruptive' space technology 6. Relate costs to everyday items e.g. cinema tickets, highways Proposal:
  15. 15. Let’s sell space. Others do!
  16. 16. ● ESA Spin-offs - Tech Transfer Programme http://www.esa. int/Our_Activities/Technology/TTP2 ● European Space Solutions Conference: ● European Space Solutions Conference 2012, London, UK (archived) http: // ● ESA Annual Reports http://www.esa. int/About_Us/ESA_Publications/ESA_Publications_Annual_Report ● Space Economy: Indicators and Economic studies ● Economy-Technical-Committee-Final-19.03.13.pdf ● Meet ESA: The Space Agency for Europe (video) http://spaceinvideos. ● The Space Report 2013, Space Foundation ● Zervos, Lecture 36 (ISU SSP13) ● Specsavers, “Space Shuttle advert” (2011) com/watch?v=r2nlyMIi610 References
  17. 17. I would like to thank both the UK Space Agency and European Space Agency (ESA) for their generous support of a scholarship to enable me to attend ISU SSP13. Acknowledgments @spacegovuk @esa