Summer scholars presentation

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Summer scholars presentation

  1. 1. +Nutrition Education and Low-income families Rachel Miller Summer Scholars 2012
  2. 2. + Method:  Literature review  Interviews:  Sue Snider: Expanded Food Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP), Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program- Education (SNAP-Ed), University of Delaware  Tricia Jefferson: YMCA-Delaware  Jennifer Barr: Moms Moving Forward- Christiana Care Hospital, registered Dietician Google images
  3. 3. + Importance of research:  To analyze the effectiveness of nutrition education programs  Obesity has more than tripled in the last 25 years: 8.7%-27.4%  Overweight: 36.9%-62.0% Google images
  4. 4. + Importance of research  Limited access to healthy resources  Limited understanding or concern for mealtime behaviors, portion sizing, healthy living Google images
  5. 5. + Importance of Research  Economic concerns outweigh health  Time/ job conflicts  Stigma & health care professionals Google images
  6. 6. + Research Goal Low income hunger-obesity paradox How will nutrition education programs effectively deal with this problem? Google images
  7. 7. + Research questions:  How are low-income neighborhoods affected by poor nutrition?  What are nutrition programs aimed at low income families trying to accomplish?  What is the relationship between these programs and low- income individuals in the community?  Do these programs meet the nutritional needs of low-income communities? Google images
  8. 8. + Literature Review: Reviewed nationally based programs (school-based programs, early intervention programs) SNAP-Ed Federal program implemented in each state Nutrition education for SNAP members Goal: healthier food choices on a limited budget effective to a point Google images
  9. 9. + Literature Review Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) Help low-income individuals attain a healthy lifestyle adult and youth programs Google images
  10. 10. + Data Collection Improvements # improved # responded % in one or more improvement practice Food resource 62,884 75,418 83% management practice Nutrition 62,771 70,670 89% practice Food safety 50,256 75,996 66% practice Physical activity 11,389 23,172 49% practice
  11. 11. + NIFA data, 2011- EFNEP Food Group Entry Exit Change Grains 5.6 5.5 0.00 Fruit 0.9 1.3 0.5 Vegetables 1.4 1.7 0.3 Milk 1.2 1.5 0.3 Meats 4.9 5.0 0.1 Oils 27.9 25.0 -2.9
  12. 12. + Literature Review:  Nutrition Education aimed at toddlers (NEAT). Early intervention program  1. expand knowledge of food safety- hand washing, chocking prevention, etc  2. increase knowledge of self-regulation for toddler: portion setting, meal time behavior, hunger/ fullness  3. increase knowledge of managing family meals with toddlers – parent/ toddler relations surrounding food  Slight improvements (proper food prep, mealtime interaction, portion sizing, food safety) but no significant long term diet changes Google images
  13. 13. + Interviews  Sue Snider: Expanded Food Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP), Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program- Education (SNAP-Ed), University of Delaware  Tricia Jefferson: YMCA-Delaware  Jennifer Barr: Moms Moving Forward- Christiana Care Hospital, registered Dietician Google images
  14. 14. + Interviews:  Goals of nutrition education programs  Group discussion and experiential learning  Barriers to nutrition education programs:  Trust  Grants and proper funding  Limited access to healthy foods Google images
  15. 15. + Conclusions:  Need proper funding for programs and expert financial planning  Attentive staff: experts and paraprofessionals- help gain trust among community members  Must be discussion based and include experiential learning/ activities- the more hands-on the better  Discuss the importance of appropriate meal time behaviors, portion sizing, children setting their own preferences  Learning the value of accessing healthy foods Google images
  16. 16. + Conclusions School gardens/ youth market programs (CAMP FRESH) Google images
  17. 17. + Long term goal:  long term goal is to design the ideal or quintessential nutrition education program for low-income communities. Google images
  18. 18. + Thank you! Dr. Bahira Trask Faculty advisor Google images
  19. 19. + References  "About SNAP-Ed." National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA). N.p., n.d. Web. 12 July  2012. http://www.nifa.usda.gov/nea/food/fsne/about  Arnold, C. G., &Sobal, J. (2000). Food practices and nutrition knowledge after graduating the expanded food and nutrition education program. Journal of Nutrition Education, 32(3), 130-138. Retrieved June 30, 2012, from the Psycinfo database.  CHANCE. (n.d.). FNEC Home. Retrieved July 22, 2012, from http://www.fnec.cornell.edu/Our_Initiatives/CHANCE.cfm  Camp FRESH at Christiana Care Health System. (n.d.). Christiana Care Health System. Retrieved July 23, 2012, from http://www.christianacare.org/campfresh  Chaney, M. (1945). Integrating Nutrition Education and Activities in the School Program. Nutrition Education, 35, 728-731. Retrieved July 2, 2012, from the Web of Science database.  "Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004 « Food Research & Action Center." Food Research & Action Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 July 2012. <http://frac.org/leg-act-center/legislative-successes/child-nutrition-and-wic- reauthorization-act-of-2004/>.  Dammann, K. W., & Smith, C. (2009). Factors affecting low-income womens food  choices and the perceived impact of dietary intake and socioeconomic status on their health and weight. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior , 41(4), 242-253. Retrieved June 22, 2012, from the psycinfo database.  Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) . (n.d.). National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA). Retrieved July 2, 2012, from http://www.csrees.usda.gov/nea/food/efnep/efnep.html  Gleason, P. (1995). Participation in the national school lunch program and the school breakfast program. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 61(1), 2135-2205. Retrieved July 1, 2012, from the psycinfo database.  Gostin, L. (2007). Law as a tool to facilitate healthier lifestyles and prevent obesity. Journal of the American Medical Association, 297(1), 87-90. Retrieved June 22, 2012, from the Psycinfo database.
  20. 20. + References continued  Hammerschmidt, P., Tackett, W., Golzynski, M., &Golzynski, D. (2011). Barriers to and facilitators of healthful eating and physical activity in low-income schools. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior , 43(1), 63-68. Retrieved June 23, 2012, from the Psycinfo database.  Lent, M., Hill, T., Dollahite, J., Wolfe, W., &Dickin, K. L. (2012). Healthy children, healthy families: parents making a difference! a curriculum integrating key nutrition, physical activity, and parenting practices to help prevent childhood obesity . Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior , 44(1), 90-92. Retrieved July 2, 2012, from the Web of Science database.  Nord, M., & Parker, L. (2010). How adequately are food needs of children in low-income households being met?. Children and Youth Services Review, 32(9), 1175-1185. Retrieved June 22, 2012, from the Psycinfo database.  Horodynski, M. O., &Hoerr, S. (2004). Nutrition education aimed at toddlers- a pilot program for rural, low-income families. Family Community Health, 37(2), 103-113.  Omar, M., Coleman, G., &Hoerr, S. (2001). Healthy eating for rural low-income toddlers: caregivers perceptions. Journal of Community Health Nursing, 18(2), 93-106. Retrieved July 2, 2012, from the Psycinfo database.  Parmer, S., Salisbury-Glennon, J., Shannon, D., &Struempler, B. (2009). School gardens: an experiential learning approach for a nutrition education program toincrease fruit and vegetable knowledge, preference, and consumption among second-grade students . Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior , 41(3), 212-217. Retrieved July 23, 2012, from the Web of Science database.  Singh, G. K., Siahpush, M., Hiatt, R. A., &Timsina, L. R. (2011). Dramatic increases in obesity and overweight prevalence and body mass index among ethnic-immigrant and social class groups in the united states, 1976-2008. Journal of Community Health, 36(1), 94-110. Retrieved July 2, 2012, from the Web of Science database.  Vartanian, T., Houser, L., &Harkness, J. (2011). Food stamps and dependency: disentangling the short-term and long-term economic effects of food stamp receipt and low income for young mothers. Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, 38(4), 101- 119. Retrieved July 2, 2012, from the Web of Science database.  Wilfley, Densie E.; Kass, Andrea.; Kolko, Rachel P.; Stein, Richard I.. In Child and adolescent  therapy: Cognitive-behavioral procedures (4th ed), by Wilfey, Denise E., Kass, Andrea E., Kolko, Rachel P., Stein, Richard I. 283-323. New York, NY, US: Guilford Press, 2012.

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