Wikis in Education


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An extension of my Wikis for the Workplace presentation that addresses some pedagogical questions. Used during Spring 09 In Service at CSCC.

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Wikis in Education

  1. 1. Wikis in education An addendum to Wikis for the Workplace
  2. 2. Wikis in courses <ul><li>Accounting </li></ul><ul><li>Law and Society </li></ul><ul><li>Art Appreciation --California State University Long Beach </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pre-calculus </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Wiki Pedagogy <ul><li>Part of “Web 2.0” collection of tools </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Learning 2.0:&quot; pedagogy that embraces active and collective aquisition and sharing of knowledge instead the traditional transmission of knowledge from teacher/institution to the student. Learner benefits </li></ul><ul><li>develop skills in negotiating, building consensus </li></ul><ul><li>learn respect for others ideas </li></ul><ul><li>develop critical writing, editing and revising skills </li></ul><ul><li>engage in active learning </li></ul><ul><li>synthesize ideas, construct knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>develop organizational skills </li></ul><ul><li>participate in a democratic process </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Review the change history of a page </li></ul><ul><li>Significant Contribution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluated by rubric </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Constructive Modification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;must be an edit of someone else's work. In order to make a 'Constructive Modification' that moves the project forward in a constructive way they have to scan through much of their classmates work. Think about it critically. Assess it for accuracy, clarity and presentation; and then decide what they will do to modify it so that it is better than it was before. The actual content generated this way may be small, in comparison to a &quot;Significant Contribution,&quot; but it requires deep metacognition and critical analysis -- an awful lot of thinking and (hopefully) an awful lot of learning. &quot; Darren Kuropatwa, Department Head of Mathematics at Daniel McIntyre Collegiate Institute </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Peer Review </li></ul><ul><li>Self Assessment </li></ul>Assessing Wiki Participation
  5. 5. Wiki Participation <ul><li>Magnet: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>having some content exclusively on the wiki to draw users to it. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scaffold </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;framing&quot; the content that should eventually go on a page. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ThreadMode </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Removing any requirement for consensus, strict factuality or neutrality, allows for the sharing of different points of view before any consensus has been reached.&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WikiGnome </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a person who performs small edits on a wiki to continually improve its overall quality . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maintainer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a person assigned or self-assigned to a page, space or section of a wiki who takes responsibility for the quality of some of the content. The role may include that of a: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>secretary, collecting information from comments and meetings into the wiki </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>refactorer, collapsing redundancy and inserting organization into a wiki </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>solicitor, encouraging input from community members </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>architect, categorizing pages, creating 'project' and 'overview' pages, assigning meanings to labels </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Champion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>essential to the success of wiki because s/he will be able to generate interest, give the appropriate amount of training for each person at the right time, monitor growth of the tool and fix problems that could derail adoption. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Wiki Best Practices <ul><li>Establish Expectations, Rules and Etiquette </li></ul><ul><li>Be bold. Take a leap. Begin. Edit, edit, edit. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot; Wikis, on the other hand, are fundamentally collaborative. Rather than producing a series of 100 comments, a wiki will have a series of 100 edits that improves the content. This is something appreciated by Wikipedians, but others don't see this difference. There really is a secret sauce to Wikipedia ... It's not about the technology - we could almost do this on bits of paper. The secret sauce is the community that's bound together by shared values and practices.&quot; Andy Carver's Waste of Bandwidth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Write with neutral Point of View (for knowledge bases) </li></ul><ul><li>Welcome debate -- this is a learning opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>Quarantine Debate -- use the discussion area or Thread Mode (see below) </li></ul><ul><li>Community breaks the 90:10:1 rule </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describes the phenomenon that in online discussion 90% lurk, 10% participate somewhat, and 1% carry the load) Anecdotal observation of use among established communities is that participation rates are higher. </li></ul></ul>