Cl3 asia


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Cl3 asia

  1. 1. North America South America Asia Australia Africa Europe Antarctica Pacific Ocean Atlantic Ocean Indian Ocean Arctic Ocean
  2. 2. divides the world into macro-geographical regions and sub regions
  3. 3. Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent. It covers 8.7%of the Earth's total surface area (or 29.5% of the total land area) and with approximately 3.879 billion people (2011 est) it hosts 60% of the world's current human population. Namesake: Reported by many sources, the word "Asia" first originated from the Ancient Greek word Ασία, and used in 440 BC.
  4. 4. Population Density: 87 km² (225 mi²) Largest City (by metro population): Tokyo, Japan, 34,607,069 Largest Country (by population): People's Republic of China, 1,357,022,986 Smallest Country (by population): Maldives, 306,000 Major Languages: The four major ones are Mandarin, Hindi, Russian and Arabic. As for the rest... that's an almost impossible question to answer as most Asian countries have more than one language that is natively spoken. For instance, more than 600 languages are spoken in Indonesia, more than 800 languages spoken in India, and more than 100 are spoken in the Philippines.
  5. 5. Continent Size: Asia is the largest continent in area at 43,820,000 sq km, (16,920,000 sq miles) Largest Country: Russia, including European Russia, at 17,075,200 sq km, (6,592,768 sq miles) Highest Point: Mt. Everest in Nepal at 29,029ft (8,848m)
  6. 6. Percent of Earth's Land: 29.5% Lowest Point: Dead Sea, Israel and Jordan at -1.388 ft (-423m) below sea level. Geographic Center: Located in China at approximately 43° 40´ N 87° 19´ E. Horizontal Width: (as the crow flies) From Ankara, Turkey east to Tokyo, Japan: 5,515 miles (8.876 km) Vertical Length: (as the crow flies) From Vorkuta, Russia, south to Jakarta, Indonesia: 5,465 miles (8,795 km)
  7. 7. Arabian Desert The Arabian Desert is a vast desert wilderness stretching from Yemen to the Persian Gulf and from Oman to Jordan and Iraq. This desert is located in the Middle East, Gobi Desert The largest desert in Asia, covering 500,000 square miles. Extending from northern China into Mongolia Kara Kum Desert It covers 135,000 square miles, nearly 70 % of Turkmenistan's land. Because of the desert's location along the Caspian Sea, the weather in Karakum is milder than many Asian deserts,
  8. 8. Kyzyl Kum Desert Crossing over Kazakhstan into Uzbekistan, this 115,000 square mile desert features a wide variety of flora and fauna. Takla Makan Desert China's largest desert extends over 123,550 square miles. Composed primarily of shifting crescent sand dunes, one of the largest sandy deserts in the world. KThar Desert Covering 77,000 square miles in India and Pakistan, the Thar Desert is Asia's only subtropical desert. Primarily occupying the Indian state of Rajasthan
  9. 9. Caspian Sea The Caspian Sea, located in western Asia on the eastern edges of Europe, is the largest lake on the planet Lake Baikal Lake Baikal is positioned in southeastern (Siberia) Russia, directly to the north of Mongolia. Recognized as the oldest (still existing) freshwater lake on the planet, it is also measured as the deepest continental body of water at 5,315 feet Aral Sea Positioned in far-western Asia, just to the east of the Caspian Sea. Aral Sea is disappearing (evaporating) and is today almost totally polluted by fertilizer runoff, weapon testing residue
  10. 10. Ural The Urals are 1,640 miles (2,640 km) in length and extend from the northern-edge of the Russian Federation down through Kazakhstan. They form a natural border between Asia and Europe Russia. ASIA MOUNTAINS: Several significant mountain ranges stretch across Asia. Here we highlight on the map and describe the major ones, including the Altay, Gahats, Himalayan, Kunlun, Tien Shan, Ural and Zagros Mountains
  11. 11. Altay (or Altai) The Altay Mountains are a mountain range in East-Central Asia, where Russia, China, Mongolia and Kazakhstan. Ghats The Western Ghats are a mountain range along the western side of India with an average elevation around 1,200 m, (3,900 ft). Himalayas The Himalayas, a huge mountain range immediately at the north of the Indian subcontinent, is the world's highest mountain range, and home to the world's highest peaks, including Mount Everest at 8,848 m (29,029 ft),
  12. 12. Zagros The Zagros are the largest mountain range in Iran and Iraq spaning the whole length of the western and southwestern Iranian plateau and ending at the Strait of Hormuz. Kunlun The Kunlun Mountains are one of the longest mountain chains in Asia, extending across western China and the Tibetan Plateau. Tien (or Tian) Shan The Tian Shan is a large mountain system located in Central Asia. It's positioned to the north and west of the Taklamakan Desert near the border region of Kazakhstan,
  13. 13. ASIA RIVERS: Dozens of significant rivers rise in Asia. Here we highlight a few on the map and (briefly) describe some of the most significant ones, including the Ganges, Indus, Lena, Mekong, Ob, Yangtze and Yellow. Ganges The Ganges is the most sacred river to Hindus and is also a lifeline to millions of Indians who live along its course and depend on it for their daily needs. Lena The Lena is the easternmost of the three great Siberian rivers that flow into the Arctic Ocean (the other two being the Ob River and the Yenisei River). It is the 11th longest river in the world
  14. 14. Indus The Indus River originates in Tibet and flows through India and Pakistan. It provides water resources for the economy of Pakistan Mekong The Mekong is the world's 10th-longest river and the 7th-longest in Asia. Its estimated length is 3,050 (4,909 km) and it provides inland transportation for the millions Ob The Ob is a major river in western Siberia, Russia. The Ob is used mostly for irrigation, drinking water, hydroelectric energy
  15. 15. Yangtze China's Yangtze is the longest river in Asia, and the fourth longest in the world at 3,915 miles (6,301 km). The Yangtze drains one- fifth of the land area of the People's Republic of China Yellow The Yellow River is the second-longest river in China and the sixth- longest in the world at 3,395 miles (5,464 km) in length. It's called "the cradle of Chinese civilization" as its basin – specifically, the Wei valley – was the birthplace of ancient Chinese civilizations
  16. 16. Angkor Wat, built by King Suryavarman II in the 12th century, is a temple located in Angkor, Cambodia The Great Wall of China at 3,889 miles (6,259 km) stretches along the entire northern part of China, from Shanhaiguan west to Lop Lake. Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park, located in central Honshu, Japan, is home to Mt. Fuji, and draws over 100 million visitors annually
  17. 17. Ha Long Bay in Quang Ninh, Vietnam, features stunning views of towering limestone formations rising from the sea. Hikkaduwa Beach on the coast of Sri Lanka is well known for its surfing, corals, and nightlife, and is an ideal place for those looking for a bit of relaxation under the sun Hermitage Museum of art and culture in Saint Petersburg, Russia is one of the world's oldest and largest museums in the world,
  18. 18. Jerusalem is a volatile spot within the Middle East, as it is significant for Christians, Muslims and Jews alike recognized as a holy city by all three faiths Petra, one of the New Seven Wonders of the World, is an ancient city in Ma'an, Jordan. Famous for its rock cut architecture, Mount Everest, the tallest mountain in the world, is located on the border of Nepal and China, and peaks at 29,029 ft.
  19. 19. Saint Basil's Cathedral in Moscow, Russia, is a Russian Orthodox church that was constructed in the late 1550' The Taj Mahal was constructed in 1632, in Agra, India, in memory of the third wife of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, and attracts close to 4 million visitors each year Taman Negara National Park, in the Titiwangsa Mountains of Malaysia, is known as the world's oldest tropical rainfores
  20. 20. Victoria Peak in Hong Kong offers breathtaking views, and is home to numerous species of birds and butterflies Puerto Princesa Underground River was provisionally chosen as one of the New7Wonders of Nature
  21. 21. Native to China, the Giant Panda is an endangered species, and emblem to the country, appearing on many coins. The national symbol of India, the Bengal Tiger is also classified as endangered, and appears on coins and works of art throughout the country.
  22. 22. The culture of Asia is human civilization in Asia. It features different kinds of cultural heritage of many nationalities, societies, and ethnic groups in the region, traditionally called a continent from a Western-centric perspective, of Asia. The region or "continent" is more commonly divided into more natural geographic and cultural sub regions, including the Central Asia, East Asia, South Asia (the "Indian subcontinent"), North Asia, West Asia and Southeast Asia.
  23. 23. Geographically, Asia is not a distinct continent; culturally, there has been little unity or common history for many of the cultures and peoples of Asia. Asian art, music, and cuisine, as well as literature, are important parts of Asian culture. Eastern philosophy and religion also plays a major role, with Hinduism, Taoism, Confucianism, Buddhism, Christianity and Islam; all playing major roles. One of the most complex parts of Asian culture is the relationship between traditional cultures and the Western world.
  24. 24. Current Dates and Times Standard Time is used across all of the North Asia landmass. The only exception is Russia, as its time zones utilize Daylight Saving Time during the spring and summer months of the year When Daylight Saving Time is in effect in an area of North Asia, an individual time bar will be marked with a (DST)
  25. 25. The worldwide standard for coordinated universal time, formerly known as GMT (Greenwich Mean Time), is now abbreviated as UTC (Coordinated Universal Time). Some sources still refer to it as UTC/GMT and some web browsers, e.g. Mozilla Firefox, still display it as GMT. The UTC Time is the standard time zone upon which all other worldwide time zones are based. It never observes daylight saving time.
  26. 26. To describe weather conditions across the continent of Asia in specific terms is difficult in such a small space, as conditions vary widely across this huge landmass. The Climate of Asia is moist across southeast sections, and dry across much of the interior. Some of the largest daily temperature ranges on Earth occur in western sections of Asia. Siberia is one of the coldest places in the Northern Hemisphere, and can act as a source of arctic air masses for North America.
  27. 27. The monsoon circulation dominates across southern and eastern sections, due to the presence of the Himalayas forcing the formation of a thermal low which draws in moisture during the summer. Southwestern sections of the continent are hot. The most active place on Earth for tropical cyclone activity lies northeast of the Philippines and south of Japan, and the phase of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation modulates where in Asia landfall is more likely to occur. Precipitation