Rajesh M. Gupta(SYIT-09)
Mr. Gokul D. Chudhary
Memory management /Hardware requirements
VERSIONS OF ANDROID
Android Usage on other dévies
CONCLUSION AND FUTURE SCOPE
Référence / Work Distribution
----------------------What Is Android ?
Android is an Mobile operating system based on the Linux kernel
Programmed in C (coré), C++, Java .
It was developed in Palo Alto, California.
Android was developed by the Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears and
Chris White in 2003.
Android was purchased by the GOOGLE in AUGUST,2005 for 50 million $.
The first Android-powered phone was sold in October 2008.
As of September 3, 2013, 1 billion Android devices have been activated.
As of May 2013, 48 billion apps have been installed from the Google
Android is the world's most widely used Smartphone platform, overtaking
Symbian in the fourth quarter of 2010.
User gets millions of applications that user can not get in any other mobile
Android supports advanced audio/video/still media formats such
as MPEG-4, H.264, MP3, and AAC, AMR, JPEG, PNG, GIF.
Multi-touch, Multitasking, Screen capture, Video calling, Multiple language
(46 languages)support, Java support.
Third-party apps available on Google Play and other app stores
can extensively re-theme the homescreen, and even mimic the look
of other operating systems, such as Windows Phone.
Internal hardware such as accelerometers, gyroscopes and proximity
sensors are used by some applications to respond to additional user
Android supports wireless communication using:
802.11 Wi-Fi Networks
By the fourth quarter of 2010 this had grown to 33% of the market, becoming
top-selling Smartphone platform.
By the third quarter of 2012 Android had a 75% share
of the global Smartphone market according to the
research firm IDC.
In July 2011, Google said that 550,000 new Android
devices were being activated every day.
In September 2012, 500 million devices had been
activated with 1.3 million activations per day.
initially Android tablet adoption was slow. One of the main causes
was the chicken or the egg situation where consumers
were hesitant to buy an Android tablet due to a lack of high
quality tablet apps.
Furthermore, several Android tablets such as the
Motorola Xoom were priced the same or higher than the iPad,
which hurt sales.
This began to change in 2012 with the release of the
affordable Nexus 7 and a push by Google for developers
to write better tablet apps .
Android devices are incorporating many optional hardware
components, including still or video cameras, GPS, hardware orientation
dedicated gaming controls, accelerometers, gyroscopes, proximity
sensors, pressure sensors, thermometers and touch screens.
As of November 2013, current versions of Android require at least 512 MB
of RAM and a 32-bit ARMv7, MIPS or x86 architecture processor,
together with an OpenGL ES 2.0 compatible graphics processing unit (GPU).
In 2012 Intel processors began to appear on more mainstream Android
platforms, such as phones.
Android manages the apps stored in memory automatically:
when memory is low, the system will begin killing apps and processes
that have been inactive for a while, in reverse order since they were
last used (i.e. oldest first), Some third-party task killers are generally
regarded as doing more harm than good.
As of November 2013, current Android versions consist of a kernel based on the
Linux kernel version 3.x ,while Android versions older than 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich
were based on the Linux kernel 2.6.x
VERSIONS OF ANDROID
First Version of Android.
The focus of Android beta is testing incorporating usability.
Android beta will generally have many more problems on speed and
Android Astro 1.0
First full version of android.
Released on September 23, 2008.
Wi-Fi and Bluetooth support.
Quite slow in operating.
copy and paste feature in the web browser is not present.
Android Cupcake 1.5
Released on April 30, 2009.
Added auto-rotation option.
Copy and Paste feature added in the web
Increased speed and performance but not
upto required level.
Android Donut 1.6
Released on September 15, 2009.
Voice search and Search box were added.
Faster OS boot times and fast web browsing
Typing is quite slower.
Android Éclair 2.0/2.1
Released on October 26, 2009.
Bluetooth 2.1 support.
Improved typing speed on virtual keyboard,
with smarter dictionary.
no Adobe flash media support.
Android Froyo 2.2
Released on May 20, 2010.
Support for Adobe Flash 10.1
Improved Application launcher with better browser
No internet calling.
Android Gingerbread 2.3
Released on December 6, 2010.
Updated User Interface with high
efficiency and speed
One touch word selection and copy/paste.
New keyboard for faster word input.
More successful version of Android than previous versions.
not supports multi-core processors.
Android Honeycomb 3.0
Released on February 22, 2011.
Support for multi-core processors
Ability to encrypt all user data.
This version of android is only available
Android Ice Cream Sandwich(ICS) 4.0
Released on November 14, 2011.
Virtual button in the UI.
A new typeface family for the UI, Roboto.
Ability to shut down apps that are using data in the background.
Android JellyBean 4.1
Released on June 27, 2012.
Latest version of Android.
Smoother user interface.
Android KitKat 4.4
Released on 14 oct, 2013.
Latest version of Android.
Smoother user interface.
There Is new icons
You can add more than 5 home screens.
Faster than old versions of android.
This chart provides data about the relative number of devices
accessing the Play Store recently and running a given version of the
Android platform as of November 1, 2013
Android Usage on other devices
The open and customizable nature of Android allows it to be used on other
electronics a side from smartphones and tablets, including laptops
and netbooks, smartbooks smart TVs (Google TV) and cameras (Nikon
Coolpix S800c and Galaxy Camera).
In addition, the Android operating system has seen applications on smart
glasses (Google Glass), wristwatches,headphones,car CD and DVD
Another variety of devices are those that, while not
running Android themselves, have been designed to
interface with and act as a companion to an
Android device, such as Sony's Smart Watch line or
Samsung's Galaxy Gear.
The Sony’s Android Smart Watch
• Multitasking : User can perform multitask at time for ex- user can
browse a internet with listening song .
Ease of Notification: Any sms ,email or other information will be shown
on top notification bar , user can know all activity of phone .
Easy Access Thousand of Application: via Google Play store or other
application user can install thousands of App which is compare to
another OS is a very great feature.
Google Drive: user can store all information about their phone like
contact detail , data , and IMEI information .
Making source code available to everyone inevitably invites the
attention of hackers.
Android operating system uses more amount of battery as
compared to normal mobile phones.
Advertising- while downloading free application from Android
Playstore it display advertisement on the bottom of App Window .
As we call Android is world of applications we continuously need
to connected with the internet which is not possible for all the
Android is now stepping up in next level of mobile feature, internet.
There are chances of Android Mobile sales becomes more then
Another brands like iPhone ,windows etc.
Google may launch another version of android that starts L because
Google is launching all the android versions in the alphabetical
Android is widely used operating system in world so there have lots
of opportunity in the various field like Marketing, Selling, software
development, manufacturing etc
Offline Works like info from books is Done By Anil and Online
works like info from web By Rajesh .
Slide Background and other Images Edited by PHOTOSHOP.