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drh.Rositawati Indrati, MPMK EpidemiologiFaPet-UBRST-EPID
RST-EPID The study of the distribution anddeterminants of health-related states orevents in specified populations and the...
RST-EPID focused on the health and disease statusof a population the study of how disease is distributed inpopulations a...
RST-EPID
RST-EPIDEpidemiologyis a scientific disciplinediscipline that involves the studystudy ofthe frequencyfrequency and distrib...
RST-EPID1. Data klinik- Gejala menciri- Status ternak2. Data labolatori- Patologi- Mikrobiologi- agen/bibit penyakit- pene...
RST-EPIDFaktor penyebab penyakit1. Intrinsik/dalam 2. Ekstrinsik/luar- spesies - pakan- umur - kandang- kelamin - iklim- i...
RST-EPID
RST-EPIDFood borne disease dan zoonosis
RST-EPIDTransmisi penyakit1. Penyebaran : ketahanan induk semang,kesesuaian induksemangpredileksi/jar. yang terseranggeogr...
RST-EPIDBerdasarkan penyebabnya:1. Bakteri : Anthrax, Botulismus, penyakit Ngorok,Infectious Conjungtivitis, Leptospirosis...
RST-EPID
RST-EPID
RST-EPID•TRICHOMONIASIS (T.foetus, abortus trimester I, repeatbreeding, pyometra ----- veneral•BRUCELLOSIS (B. abortus, 90...
RST-EPIDContoh-contoh protozoa Coccidia/Eimiria sp
RST-EPID
RST-EPID
PEMERIKSAAN1. Ante mortem : hrs ada surat sehat, surat kepemilikan2. Post mortem :- Inspeksi- Palpasi- IrisanBag Kepala le...
RST-EPIDTINJAUAN STUDI EPIDEMIOLOGI↓Data : - Prevalensi- Distribusi geografis- Susceptibilitas : umur, bangsa, jeniskelami...
RST-EPID
RST-EPIDTentang pengetahuan etiologi penyakit padaternak, yang hubungannya dengan manajemenpeternakan. Sertakan referensin...
Epidemiologi
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Epidemiologi

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Drh. Rosita

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Transcript of "Epidemiologi "

  1. 1. drh.Rositawati Indrati, MPMK EpidemiologiFaPet-UBRST-EPID
  2. 2. RST-EPID The study of the distribution anddeterminants of health-related states orevents in specified populations and the application of this study to the control of health problems (CDC)What is Epidemiology?What is Epidemiology?Pendahuluan
  3. 3. RST-EPID focused on the health and disease statusof a population the study of how disease is distributed inpopulations and the factors that influenceor determine this distributionWhat is Epidemiology?What is Epidemiology?
  4. 4. RST-EPID
  5. 5. RST-EPIDEpidemiologyis a scientific disciplinediscipline that involves the studystudy ofthe frequencyfrequency and distributiondistributionof healthhealth and diseasediseasein populationspopulationsin order to find risk factorsrisk factorsfor preventionprevention and controlcontrol
  6. 6. RST-EPID1. Data klinik- Gejala menciri- Status ternak2. Data labolatori- Patologi- Mikrobiologi- agen/bibit penyakit- penegakkan diagnosa- penunjang penyidikanpopulasi
  7. 7. RST-EPIDFaktor penyebab penyakit1. Intrinsik/dalam 2. Ekstrinsik/luar- spesies - pakan- umur - kandang- kelamin - iklim- imunitasKlasifikasi berdasarkan agen/bibit penyakit :1. Menular/infeksius 2. Non Infeksi- mikroorganisme - trauma- parasit - gangguan metabolism- toksemia/keracunan - neoplasma
  8. 8. RST-EPID
  9. 9. RST-EPIDFood borne disease dan zoonosis
  10. 10. RST-EPIDTransmisi penyakit1. Penyebaran : ketahanan induk semang,kesesuaian induksemangpredileksi/jar. yang terseranggeografiskeadaan induk semang tramsmisi2. Penularan :- kontak langsung (direct contact): kontakseksual,dan kontak fisik sakit dg sehat- kontak tdk langsung (indirect contact) :melaluisekresi (cairan foetal:Bruselosis, Trichomoniasis) ataueksresi (muntahan : Cholera, diare)- makanant tercemar : salmonela sp, cacing intestinal- intermediat hospes: Fasiolasis, Trypanosoma sp
  11. 11. RST-EPIDBerdasarkan penyebabnya:1. Bakteri : Anthrax, Botulismus, penyakit Ngorok,Infectious Conjungtivitis, Leptospirosis, Tetanus dll2. Virus : penyakit Mulut dan Kuku,Tetelo Rabies3. Protozoa : Malaria, Trypanosomiasis, Coccidiosis4. Parasit :a) Eksterna : Kudis = Skabiosis, Kutu, dan pinjal/caplakb) Interna : cacing hati (Fasciolasis), cacingnematodaToxocara vitulorum , cacing pita (Cisticercosis)
  12. 12. RST-EPID
  13. 13. RST-EPID
  14. 14. RST-EPID•TRICHOMONIASIS (T.foetus, abortus trimester I, repeatbreeding, pyometra ----- veneral•BRUCELLOSIS (B. abortus, 90% abortus trimester akhir –---- ingestion, veneral)• VIBRIOSIS (Camphylobacter foetus, abortus 3 – 4 bln, 10- 30% infertil.• IBR (INFECTIOUS BOVINE RHINOTRACHEITIS : 25 –50% abortus pertengahan kedua kebuntingan ----- aero-sol.• LEPTOSPIROSIS (L pamona, abortus 25-30% trimest 3kematian foetus)• MICOSIS (Aspergilus absidia, abortus 3-4 bln, placentaldisease.•Mastitis yang sepsis/menyebar bersifat zoonosis
  15. 15. RST-EPIDContoh-contoh protozoa Coccidia/Eimiria sp
  16. 16. RST-EPID
  17. 17. RST-EPID
  18. 18. PEMERIKSAAN1. Ante mortem : hrs ada surat sehat, surat kepemilikan2. Post mortem :- Inspeksi- Palpasi- IrisanBag Kepala leherIsi rongga dada (jantung,paru,)Isi rongga perutKarkasPenularan PenyakitVertikal horizontallangsung tidak langsungmedia penularan vektormekanik daur hidup
  19. 19. RST-EPIDTINJAUAN STUDI EPIDEMIOLOGI↓Data : - Prevalensi- Distribusi geografis- Susceptibilitas : umur, bangsa, jeniskelamin- manajemen- Vektor pembawa penyakitUntuk membantu diagnosa :Identifikasi - Laboratorium- Gejala LapangDIAGNOSAUntuk membantu diagnosa :Identifikasi - Laboratorium- Gejala LapangTujuan pengendalian/Pengobatan yang sesuaiDIAGNOSAPengiriman “sampel”Segar Awetan
  20. 20. RST-EPID
  21. 21. RST-EPIDTentang pengetahuan etiologi penyakit padaternak, yang hubungannya dengan manajemenpeternakan. Sertakan referensinya.TUGASTUGASKumpulkan pada akhir kuliah drh. Rositawati I, MPMengetahui,drh.Rositawati I, MP
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