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Epidemiologi

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Epidimiology Fapet UB 2013

Epidimiology Fapet UB 2013

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  • 1. Basic concepts of epidemiologyBasic concepts of epidemiologyEpidemiological principles andconsiderations for designing andconducting survey, monitoring andsurveillanceepi- pts fapet-2012 1
  • 2. Basic concepts of epidemiologyBasic concepts of epidemiologyMethods for data collection, storageand management for these systemsMeasuring disease frequency and itsapplication in animal health decision-makingepi- pts fapet-2012 2
  • 3. Basic concepts ofBasic concepts ofEPIDEMIOLOGYEPIDEMIOLOGYPrinciples and considerations whenestimating disease level at tha country/region levelMeasuring/estimating risk from survey /survaillance dataepi- pts fapet-2012 3
  • 4. Basic concepts ofBasic concepts ofEPIDEMIOLOGYEPIDEMIOLOGYEpidemiological principles for diseasecontrol strategies:- selection of strategies for diseasecontrol- how do specific options affect risk theanalysis process ?epi- pts fapet-2012 4
  • 5. epi- pts fapet-2012 5EPIDEMIOLOGY• STUDIES ON AMOUNT OF DISEASE• DISEASE IN POPULATION / HERD• DISEASE DISTRIBUTION ON DIFFERS POPULATION•• FACTORS THAT DETERMINE DISEASE/S OCCURRENCE• CONTROL OF DISEASE IN POPULATIONECONOMICAL IMPACT
  • 6. epi- pts fapet-2012 61. KEY WORDS OF EPIDEMIOLOGY2. LARGE SCALE OFOUTBREAKS.• DURING PERIODE• PRECIPITATING CRISES3. CRISES• LOSS OF PRODUCTION• LOW OF QUALITY PRODUCT• LOW OF REPRODUCTION RATE• IN EFFICIENCY OF FEED INTAKE• SUB CLINICAL DISEASE• HIGH MORBIDITY RATE• HIGH MORTALITY RATE• COMPLEX INFECTIOUS DISEASE• RETARDED GROWTH RATE
  • 7. NEW CONTROL METHODSNEW CONTROL METHODSepi- pts fapet-2012 7• DISEASE• VACCINATION PROGRAM• FEED• SPECIES• BREED• SEX• AGE• GEOGRAPHIC• VECTORS• MUTASI TERNAKREKORDING :
  • 8. EPIDEMIOLOGICAL VARIABLESEPIDEMIOLOGICAL VARIABLESPREVALENCY RATEMORBIDITY RATEMORTALITY RATEINCIDENCY RATESENSITIVITYSPESIFICITYFALSE POSITIFFALSE NEGATIVEepi- pts fapet-2012 8
  • 9. MEASURES OF RISKMEASURES OF RISKCalculate and interpret the followingepidemiologic measures:– Ratio– Proportion– Incidence proportion (attack rate)– Incidence rate– Prevalence– Mortality rateepi- pts fapet-2012 9
  • 10. Presentasi dataPresentasi dataTergantung tipe data yang terkumpulDiskriptifDistribusi probabilitasPrediction valueepi- pts fapet-2012 10
  • 11. Presentasi dataPresentasi dataDalam bentukDalam bentukChartsTabelgraphsepi- pts fapet-2012 11
  • 12. Sub sistem Kesehatan HewanSub sistem Kesehatan Hewan pengamatan penyakit hewan(diagnosis, survailens, monitoring –pengembangan sistem informasikesehatan hewan)epi- pts fapet-2012 12
  • 13. DISEASE OCCUREDDISEASE OCCUREDepi- pts fapet-2012 13D
  • 14. Sub sistem Kesehatan HewanSub sistem Kesehatan HewanPencegahan dan pemberantasanpenyakit hewanPerlindungan hewanPelayanan medik veterinerPengawasan obat hewanepi- pts fapet-2012 14
  • 15. SISTEM KEWASPADAAN DINISISTEM KEWASPADAAN DINI((EARLY WARNING SYSTEM)EARLY WARNING SYSTEM)SUBSISTEM KESIAGAAN DINI- PENGAMATAN DINI- PENANGGULANGAN DINIepi- pts fapet-2012 15
  • 16. SISTEM KEWASPADAAN DINISISTEM KEWASPADAAN DINI((EARLY WARNING SYSTEM)EARLY WARNING SYSTEM)SUBSISTEM PERAMALAN WABAH- PREDIKSI KEJADIAN WABAH- TINDAKAN ANTISIPASIepi- pts fapet-2012 16
  • 17. epi- pts fapet-2012 17Penyakit yang endemis dan sporadis lintaskabupaten/kota menjadi tugas PemerintahPropinsiPenyakit produksi dan yang sifatnya individualdiarahkan pada upaya peningkatan kemandirianpeternak (swadaya)UNSUR KEBIJAKAN (1)
  • 18. epi- pts fapet-2012 18Penyakit yang endemis dan sporadis lokal dikabupaten/kota menjadi tugas PemerintahKabupaten/KotaPrioritas pemberantasan di tingkat nasional ditujukanuntuk ternak besar dan wabah Avian Influenza padaunggasUNSUR KEBIJAKAN (2)
  • 19. TINDAK PENGENDALIAN PENYAKITTINDAK PENGENDALIAN PENYAKITPENGAWASAN LALU LINTAS TERNAKDAN PENGEBALAN PENOLAKAN / KARANTINA PENCEGAHAN / VAKSINASI PENYIDIKAN PEMANTAUANepi- pts fapet-2012 19
  • 20. TINDAK PEMBERANTASAN PENYAKITTINDAK PEMBERANTASAN PENYAKITDI DAERAH TERTULARDI DAERAH TERTULARPENUTUPAN DAERAHPEMBERANTASAN VEKTORPENGOBATANISOLASI/OBSERVASIELIMINASI/PEMUSNAHANPEMOTONGAN BERSYARATepi- pts fapet-2012 20
  • 21. SanitasiBiosekuriti21epi- pts fapet-2012
  • 22. Daerah terancamDaerah terancamVAKSINASI MASSALRING VAKSINASIPENYULUHANepi- pts fapet-2012 22
  • 23. TINDAKANTINDAKANStamping outEradikasiKarantinaProphylaksis : khemoterapi, vaksinasiepi- pts fapet-2012 23
  • 24. Perbaikan manajemenPerbaikan manajemenPemilihan sistem penggembalaan- unmixed aged group- alternatif grazing : rotational, zero- hindarkan overgrazing- removal of faecalepi- pts fapet-2012 24
  • 25. IMMUNISASI/VAKSINASIIMMUNISASI/VAKSINASIMerangsang organ limpoid membentukantibodiHarus sudah cukup umur dan sehatDilakukan dengan pengulangan yang benaragar titer propilaksi tercapaiPemilihan jenis vaksin harus benarSisihkan sisa vaksinasi dengan lege artisepi- pts fapet-2012 25
  • 26. VaksinasiVaksinasiVAKSINASI YANG TIDAK TEPATJUSTRU MENJADI SUMBERPENYAKITepi- pts fapet-2012 26
  • 27. ImunisasiImunisasi VAKSIN• Live virus• Dead virus• Attenuated virus• Rekombinanepi- pts fapet-2012 27
  • 28. Respon imunRespon imun alami• maternal antibodi• genetis• sembuh dari penyakit eksternal• vaksinasi• paparanepi- pts fapet-2012 28
  • 29. Apa yang seharusnyaApa yang seharusnyakita lakukan ???kita lakukan ??? Konsep Lege artis• Bioetika• Tidak boleh mencemari• Musnahkan dengan bakar atautimbun• Lakukan dengan booster yangdisyaratkanepi- pts fapet-2012 29
  • 30. Kapan dilakukan vaksinasiKapan dilakukan vaksinasi Sebagai upaya pencegahanpenyakit secara in vivo Syarat utama individu harussehat Daerah endemis Perlu legal formalepi- pts fapet-2012 30

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