Dr. Waseem AnwarDr. Waseem Anwar
Education in PakistanEducation in Pakistan
Contents
PART - I
• Definition of Education
• Constitution of Pakistan
PART – II
• Education Scenario
• Education Policy
Definition of Education
The definition of education in common
usage, that education is merely the
delivery of knowledge, s...
The proper definition of education is the
process of becoming an educated
person.
Being an educated person means you
have ...
Constitution of Pakistan
Constitution of the Islamic Republic of
Pakistan, 1973 – Article 37-b
“The State shall remove illiteracy and
provide free ...
Curriculum, syllabus, planning,
policy, centers of excellence,
standard of education & Islamic
education
Concurrent Legisl...
PART – II
EDUCATION SCENARIO
Human Development Index
Country Ranking
(out of 177 countries)
2005 2006 2007
Iran 99 96 94
Sri Lanka 93 93 99
Maldives 96...
Literacy Rates
Literacy Definition
(As in 1998 Census)
“The ability of a person who
can read a newspaper and
write a simpl...
Literacy Rates
• PAKISTAN = 55 % (Male = 67 %,Female = 42%)
Province Literacy Rate
• Punjab= 60.2%
• Sindh = 57.7%
• NWFP ...
Educational Institutions by Level
Level Total Public Private
Pre-primary 1,081 287 794
Mosque school 14,123 14,035 88
Prim...
Institutions by Medium of Instruction
Type # of Institutions Urdu English Sindhi Others
Total 227,791 14806 2277 3416 2277...
EDUCATION POLICY OF PAKISTAN
Challenges
• Weakened Governance
− Fragmentation
− Lack of Clarity in Inter-Tier Relationships
• Poor Quality of Teachers ...
Challenges
• Public Private Partnership
• In-adequate financing
• Gender Equity
• Poor monitoring & evaluation
• Imbalance...
SALIENT FEATURES OF NATIONAL
EDUCATION PLAN
• Universal and Free Primary and Secondary Education
• Promotion of Equity
• M...
SALIENT FEATURES OF NATIONAL
EDUCATION PLAN
• Bridging the Public Private Divide
• Improved Examination System
• Introduct...
SALIENT FEATURES OF NATIONAL
EDUCATION PLAN
• Pre-service & in-service teacher training
• Accreditation and certification ...
Non-Development Development Total
1. Ministry of Education 1,824.426 3,122.459 4,946.885
2. Higher Education
Commission
7,...
g. Establishment of Cadet College Panjgur 50.000
h. Upgradation of FG Secondary Educational Institutions
to the level of I...
1. Tripartite Partnership:1. Tripartite Partnership:
 The role of family, the community and the State. All
need to be mob...
6. Teacher’s Status and Recruitment of Female6. Teacher’s Status and Recruitment of Female
Teachers:Teachers:
 Better sta...
10. Teachers’ Training and Knowledge:10. Teachers’ Training and Knowledge:
 To improve teachers’ knowledge of the subject...
Thank You AllThank You All
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Education in-pakistan

  1. 1. Dr. Waseem AnwarDr. Waseem Anwar Education in PakistanEducation in Pakistan
  2. 2. Contents PART - I • Definition of Education • Constitution of Pakistan PART – II • Education Scenario • Education Policy
  3. 3. Definition of Education The definition of education in common usage, that education is merely the delivery of knowledge, skills and information from teachers to students, is inadequate to capture what is really important about being and becoming educated.
  4. 4. The proper definition of education is the process of becoming an educated person. Being an educated person means you have access to optimal states of mind regardless of the situation you are in.
  5. 5. Constitution of Pakistan
  6. 6. Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973 – Article 37-b “The State shall remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory secondary education within minimum possible period”
  7. 7. Curriculum, syllabus, planning, policy, centers of excellence, standard of education & Islamic education Concurrent Legislative List:
  8. 8. PART – II EDUCATION SCENARIO
  9. 9. Human Development Index Country Ranking (out of 177 countries) 2005 2006 2007 Iran 99 96 94 Sri Lanka 93 93 99 Maldives 96 98 100 India 127 126 128 Bhutan 134 135 133 Pakistan 135 134 136 Bangladesh 139 137 140 Nepal 136 138 142
  10. 10. Literacy Rates Literacy Definition (As in 1998 Census) “The ability of a person who can read a newspaper and write a simple letter in any language”
  11. 11. Literacy Rates • PAKISTAN = 55 % (Male = 67 %,Female = 42%) Province Literacy Rate • Punjab= 60.2% • Sindh = 57.7% • NWFP = 49.9% • Balochistan = 48.8%
  12. 12. Educational Institutions by Level Level Total Public Private Pre-primary 1,081 287 794 Mosque school 14,123 14,035 88 Primary 122,349 105,526 16,823 Middle 38,449 14,334 24,115 Secondary 25,090 10,550 14,540 British System 281 11 270 NFBE 4,831 2,008 2,823 Inter & Degree Colleges 1,882 1,025 857 Universities 116 59 57 Technical/ Professional 1257 426 831 Vocational 3,059 916 2,143 Deeni Madaris 12,153 354 11,799 Others 3,120 2,241 879
  13. 13. Institutions by Medium of Instruction Type # of Institutions Urdu English Sindhi Others Total 227,791 14806 2277 3416 22779 Public 151,744 103,186 3,035 33,384 12,139 Private 76,047 43,347 21,29 3,521 9,886
  14. 14. EDUCATION POLICY OF PAKISTAN
  15. 15. Challenges • Weakened Governance − Fragmentation − Lack of Clarity in Inter-Tier Relationships • Poor Quality of Teachers & Managers • Quality of curriculum, textbooks & exams • Low level of literacy • Out of school children • Dropouts
  16. 16. Challenges • Public Private Partnership • In-adequate financing • Gender Equity • Poor monitoring & evaluation • Imbalance in primary, middle & secondary schools • Inconvenient school location
  17. 17. SALIENT FEATURES OF NATIONAL EDUCATION PLAN • Universal and Free Primary and Secondary Education • Promotion of Equity • Minimum National Standards • Relevance to Labour Market • Sector Planning • Financial allocation of 7% of GDP by 2018 • Encourage Private sector • Link Allocations to Definition of Free Education • Improve Planning, Management and Implementation Capacity • Donor Harmonisation • Overcoming Fragmented Governance
  18. 18. SALIENT FEATURES OF NATIONAL EDUCATION PLAN • Bridging the Public Private Divide • Improved Examination System • Introduction of Early Childhood Education (3-5 years) & inclusive education. • Achieve the MDG goals. • All Primary schools shall be upgraded to Middle level • Well developed plan for expanding school facilities. • High priority to reducing drop out rates • Improved school environment • Career Counselling at higher secondary level • Develop national literacy curriculum • Enhance qualifications for employment as teachers
  19. 19. SALIENT FEATURES OF NATIONAL EDUCATION PLAN • Pre-service & in-service teacher training • Accreditation and certification of teachers • Merit based teacher recruitment, professional development, promotions & postings • Curriculum development • Competitive publishing of textbooks and learning materials • District Education Boards to be established for managing schools • Separate management & academic cadres
  20. 20. Non-Development Development Total 1. Ministry of Education 1,824.426 3,122.459 4,946.885 2. Higher Education Commission 7,045.608 9,104.436 16,150.044 (Rs. in million) Allocation of Funds to Education: Year 2009-10 3. Major Projects under Ministry of Education a. Madaris Reforms (Teaching of formal subjects in Madaris) 1449.000 b. Education Sector Reforms Program 800.00 c. Establishment of 82,000 Community Schools in Pakistan AJK and FATA 170.510 d. Science Education Project (Phase-II) ADB assisted FCU 84.670 e. National Education Assessment System (NEAS) 71.530 f. Establishment of Cadet College Zhob at Qilla Saifullah 50.000 Continue…
  21. 21. g. Establishment of Cadet College Panjgur 50.000 h. Upgradation of FG Secondary Educational Institutions to the level of Islamabad Model Colleges 45.000 i. Upgradation of FG Elementary Educational Institutions to the level of Islamabad Model Schools 40.000 j. Establishment of 350 Community Schools in hard to reach areas of FATA (NORAD assisted) 39.329 (Rs. In million)
  22. 22. 1. Tripartite Partnership:1. Tripartite Partnership:  The role of family, the community and the State. All need to be mobilized. 2. Free Education Upto Matriculation:2. Free Education Upto Matriculation: 3. Provision of Free Textbooks:3. Provision of Free Textbooks: 4. Grant of Scholarships and Incentives to Girl4. Grant of Scholarships and Incentives to Girl Students:Students: 5. Availability and Accessibility of Schools5. Availability and Accessibility of Schools Particularly in Rural Areas.Particularly in Rural Areas. Future Plans for Education in Pakistan Continue…
  23. 23. 6. Teacher’s Status and Recruitment of Female6. Teacher’s Status and Recruitment of Female Teachers:Teachers:  Better status and pay for teachers.  Experience has demonstrated that schools with female teachers function well particularly at Primary level. 7. Improvement in Learning Environment:7. Improvement in Learning Environment:  Better infrastructure through School Management Councils. 8. Technical / Vocational Education:8. Technical / Vocational Education:  It is important to provide demand related skills. 9. Instructional Methods:9. Instructional Methods:  Emphasis must be given on development of analytical faculties of the students. Continue…
  24. 24. 10. Teachers’ Training and Knowledge:10. Teachers’ Training and Knowledge:  To improve teachers’ knowledge of the subject and equip them with a wide repertoire of teaching skills. 11. English Language:11. English Language:  Introduction of English from Class – I.  Future policy reforms will emphasize the teaching of science subjects in English at public secondary schools.
  25. 25. Thank You AllThank You All

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