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work groups & work teams

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Definisi …

Definisi
Jenis
Tahapan pembentukan
Faktor
Effective teamwork
Group decision making

Published in: Business, Education

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  • 1. WORK GROUPS & WORKTEAMSDasar-dasar perilakurizqizu@gmail.com
  • 2. Why• Definisi• MengapaJenisTahapanpembentukanFaktorGroupdecisionrizqizu@gmail.com
  • 3. Definisi Dua individu (atau lebih) yang salingberinteraksi dan saling tergantung antarasatu dengan lain, dan saling bergabunguntuk mencapai tujuan-tujuan tertentuInteraksiPengaruhBekerjasamaTeamSecurityStatusSelf esteem AffiliationPowerGoalachievementMengapa ada kelompok?(Robin 2001)rizqizu@gmail.com
  • 4. Work Team VS Work Group(Robin 2001)WorkgroupsShareinformationNeutralIndividualRandom &variedComparison<- Goal -><- Synergy -><- Accountability -><- Skills ->Work TeamCollectiveperformancePositiveIndividual &mutualComplementaryrizqizu@gmail.com
  • 5. Jenis kelompokJenisKelompokFormalCommandgroupsTask forcesTeamsSelf managedwork teamsInformalInterestgroupsFriendshipgroupsrizqizu@gmail.com
  • 6. Tipe tim : berdasarkan sasaranProblem solving•Workers•Special case•Short term•Less authoritySelf managed•Supervisors•Self achievement measurment•Self member assignmentCross-functional•>1 departemen involved, same hierarchy•More point of viewVirtual•IT Based•Absence of paraverbal & nonverbal cues•Limited social context (interaction)•Eliminate space & time constrain (worldwide)rizqizu@gmail.com
  • 7. rizqizu@gmail.com
  • 8. Tahapan PerkembanganKelompokForming•UncertaintyStorming•Conflict•TuningNorming•Development•AgreementPerforming•DoAdjourning•Sign-off•Non-permanenteamSeleksi Pelatihan Ganjaranrizqizu@gmail.com
  • 9. Faktor-faktor pengaruhkeberhasilan kelompok External Startegi organisasi Peraturan formal SMD Proses seleksi personil Compensation & benefit Budaya organisasi Work setting Group member resources Knowledge, skill, ability Personal character Stuktur kelompok Formal leader Peran Norma Status Ukuran Komposisi Kohesivitas Group process Group taskrizqizu@gmail.com
  • 10. Ciri Kepribadian IndividuCreator-innovator•Imajinatif•Create conceptExplorer-promoterAssessor-developer•Analitycal thinkingThruster-organizer•Operation procedure•Goals -> Plan -> Organize -> ControlConcluder-producerController-inspectorUpholder-maintainerReporter-adviserLinkerrizqizu@gmail.com
  • 11. Creating effective teamworkWorkdesign•Autonomy•Skill variety•Task identity•Task SignificanceComposition•Ability•Personality•Size•Roles & diversity•Preference for teamwork•FlexibilityContext•Adequate resources•Leadership & structure•Performance evaluation &rewardProcess•Common purpose•Agreed & Specific goal•Conflic management•Social loafingrizqizu@gmail.com
  • 12. Group Decision makingCompleteinformation &knowledgeMore point of viewWide acceptedLegitimateQualityError detectionTime consumingPressure to adjust togroupDominationNo clearresponsibilityConflic potentionKeuntunganKekuranganrizqizu@gmail.com
  • 13. Teknik pengambilan keputusanBrainstorming• Direct• Spontan• PartisipatifNominal Group• Direct• Kelompok• Ide terbuka• Rangking nilai alternatifDelphi• Indirect• Kelompok• Kuesioner• Anonim• KonsesusElectronic meeting• Indirect• Kelompok• Anonimrizqizu@gmail.com
  • 14. rizqizu@gmail.com