Engineering Education for Future Engineers


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Engineering Education for Future Engineers

  1. 1. EngineeringEducation for theFuture EngineersRiza Atiq RahmatUniversiti Kebangsaan Malaysia(The National University of Malaysia)
  2. 2. Introduction The world is flat • A small Malaysia company can compete with a giant American company through collaboration and leveraging. • A small company in Indonesia can compete with a giant company in Malaysia Berlin Wall had crumbled … walls at national borders are crumbling too. • Relocation of manufacturing activities to China and Viet Nam • Malaysian Companies outsource their manufacturing to other countries • Investment can go anywhere with one touch screen or a mouse click
  3. 3. Changes Surrounding Universities in Malaysia• The economic and job market are constantly changing at a very fast rate• Manufacturing and other economic activities are rapidly shifting to China and India• Internet facilities are changing students’ learning habit• The students are digital native• Universities are expected to commercialise its research products• Changing of Malaysian economic base from agriculture >> manufacturing, to high–tech >> knowledge-based >> entrepreneur-Innovation based in a very short time
  4. 4. Digital Native
  5. 5. Globalization Impact• Multinational companies free to relocate their activities to a more profitable country.• Large fund can be brought in and out with a mouse click or a touch screen.• Local companies outsource their activities to companies anywhere on earth.• Foreign companies free to market their products in Malaysia• Local companies free to export their product to international market
  6. 6. Grose per Capita Income (thosands US$)
  7. 7. New Economic Model: Goal & Characteristic Characteristic s of High Income. Per Capita Income USD Malaysia in 2020 15,000 – 20,000 • Market Led • Well-Governed Rakyat quality • Regionally integrated of life Inclusiveness Enables all • Entrepreneurial Sustainability communities to fully Meets present needs benefit from the without compromising • Innovative wealth of the country future generation
  8. 8. Graduate attributes  Program Outcomes• Complex problem solver• Knowledge producing graduate• Share, remix and capitalise on new ideas• Embrace change rather than fighting change• Innovative-Entrepreneurial• Global• Leverage and collaboration• Strong ethic
  9. 9. IHL VisionConstructive alignment IHL Mission IHL Educational Objective Stake Holders Program Objective Program Outcomes Educational Block 1 Educational Block 2 ‘n’ Co-curiculum Course 1 Course n1 Co-Curiculum 1 Course 2 Course n2 Co-Curiculum 2 Course 3 Course n3 Co-Curikulum 3 Course ‘n’ Course ‘nn’ Co-curikulum ‘n’ Total Student Learning Experience
  10. 10. DeliveryOutcomes Delivery• Complex problem solver • Complicated project• Knowledge producing graduate • Research Project• Share, remix and capitalise on new ideas • Multi-disciplinary Problem• Embrace change rather than Based Learning fighting change • Case Study• Innovative-Entrepreneurial • Project based with global• Global collaboration• Leverage and collaboration• Strong ethic • Strong liberal education
  11. 11. Liberal Education (University and some of faculty courses)• For character building• written and oral communication• Inquiry We need innovative• critical and creative thinking pedagogical• quantitative literacy skills to• information literacy deliver the• Teamwork courses• integration of learning• Narative skill
  12. 12. AssessmentLecturer Intended TeachingPerpective Objective Learning Activities Evaluation OutcomesStudent Learning IntendedPerspective Evaluation Activities Learning Outcomes (Biggs 2010) We need a good and comprehensive assessment plan to ensure all learning outcomes are achieved by all students
  13. 13. Outcomes Delivery AssessmentComplex problem solver Complicated project Project Report, portfolioKnowledge producing Research Project Project report, portfolio,graduate presentationShare, remix and capitalise Multi-disciplinary Problemon new ideas Based Learning Authentic assessmentEmbrace change rather Case studythan fighting changeInnovative-Entrepreneurial Case study, simulation, serious gameGlobal Multi national project based learningLeverage and collaboration PBL, case studyStrong ethic PBL, simulation, serious game through liberal studies
  14. 14. Changing Curriculum Now Gradually change to….. Limited student centred Student centredPrescription/rigid outcomes based Beyond Learning Outcome (unexpected)Limited stake holders involvement Active stake holders involvement Individual Teaching Collaborative teaching Timetabled Immersive collaborative environment Course based Project based Tested (eg. Examination) Exhibit (more authentic) Top down Bottom up (student initiative) Expertise led Experience led Local Global
  15. 15. Requirement• Lecturer quality and professional certificate• Digital learning environment• Student Total Learning Experience environment
  16. 16. Paradigm shift:• From teacher centered to student centered,• From teaching to facilitating,• From lecturer to learning experience designer
  17. 17. Student Total Learning Experience ResidentialKnowledge, skills spaceand attitude Faculty space Cultural space Library Innovative space entrepreneurship space Co- curriculum Community space space Industrial Internationalisation space space Time
  18. 18. The whole campus becomeslearning space – broad bandWIFI
  19. 19. Collaborative learningProject basedEagerness to learn from each other
  20. 20. More project based learning,More presentation
  21. 21. Project basedCompetition basedSerious Game
  22. 22. Classroom without wall(three walls principle)
  23. 23. TECHNOLOGY ENHANCED LEARNING• Game and simulation (provide meaningful learning as it provides many dimensions of the real world)• Mobile learning (learning anywhere, any time, any place)• Flip class (on-line lecture at home and problem solving in the classroom)
  24. 24. Entrepreneurship CourseSimulation and CompetitionBased learning(First Year)
  25. 25. Second year
  26. 26. Pitching and selling their own product(Final year)
  27. 27. LIFE LONG LEARNING (from cradle to grave)• Today, frontier knowledge may become obsolete within 5 years due to intensification of research and wide spread sharing of knowledge trough the internet.• Short courses with credits which can be accumulated to earn post graduate degree.
  28. 28. Living laboratoriesA traditional laboratory usually is isolatedfrom society and industrial community.Often, researchers are immersed in theirresearch without contact with the realworld. As a result, most research productsdo not immediately benefit the society
  29. 29. Living laboratories
  30. 30. Langkawi Geopark
  31. 31. Bangi Urban Transport Management System
  32. 32. Bangi Traransport Management Centre
  33. 33. Conclusion Now Gradually change to….. Limited student centred Student centredPrescription/rigid outcomes based Beyond Learning Outcome (unexpected)Limited stake holders involvement Active stake holders involvement Individual teaching Collaborative teaching Course based Project based Timetabled Immersive collaborative environment Tested (eg. Examination) Exhibit (more authentic) Top down Bottom up (student initiative) Expertise led Experience led Local Global
  34. 34. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY Icon for National Identity & Nation Building in the class of leading universities of the worldTerimakasih Thank you