Situational language teaching
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Situational language teaching

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Situational language teaching Situational language teaching Presentation Transcript

  • SITUATIONAL LANGUAGE TEACHING Riydha Karina 141100701 PBI - Semester VI Unit I STAIN Zawiyah Cot Kala Langsa ©2014
  • What is “Situational Language Teaching” ?
  • Situational Language Teaching use Oral Approach
  • Situational Language Teaching Methode focus on speaking ability
  • by British applied linguistic 1930 1960
  • FIGURE It is an approach developed by British linguists such as Harold Palmer and A.S. Hornsby in the 1930s
  • THEORY OF LEARNING The theory of learning underlying Situation Language Teaching is behaviorism, addressing more the processes than the conditions of learning
  • PRINCIPLE language learning is habit-formation should be avoided mistakes presented orally first then in written form
  • CHARACTERISTICS Richards and Rodgers summarized the main characteristics of the approach as follows: • 1). Language teaching begins with the spoken language. Material is taught orally before it is presented in written form. • 2). The target language is the language of the classroom. • 3). New language points are introduced and practiced situationally. • 4). Vocabulary selection procedures are followed to ensure that an essential general service vocabulary is covered. • 5). Items of grammar are graded following the principle that simple forms should be taught before complex ones. • 6). Reading and writing are introduced once a sufficient lexical and grammatical basis is established.
  • ROLE Learner Teacher Material
  • DESIGN Types of learning and teaching activities Which use of :  Real objects  Pictures of wall charts, flashcards, pictures, stick  Which together with actions gestures
  • PROCEDURE pronunciation  revision  presentation  oral practice  reading of material or written exercises.
  • ACTIVITY Class with the Oral Approach Method Activity: The students should say sentences that they can see in the pictures. They have to say immediately what the picture.
  • design
  • ADVANTAGE  Suitable for introduction to the language.  Objectives to master the four language skills through talking grammar structure  The ability to quickly and accurately in speaking situations and automatically with control the basic structure  It’s a method that does not requires many resources  It’s a good method if we use it in teaching pronunciation or vocabulary  Its strong emphasis on oral practice, grammar and sentence patterns conform to the intuitions of many practically oriented classroom teachers.  Easier to understand because the item is newly presented in a real situation.
  • DISADVANTAGE The learner has no control over the content of learning. He is required simply to listen and repeat what the teacher says and to respond to questions and commands. This method do not account for the fundamental characteristic of language namely the creativity and uniqueness of individual sentences.
  • • http://www.myenglishpages.com/blog/sit uational-language-teaching-oral- approach/15;33 /8/3/2014 • http://www.ac- limoges.fr/anglais/accueil/html/EP/Web4 Pages/SitAppLan.htm16;00/8/3/2014 • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Language_pe dagogy • 16:13/8/3/2014 • http://teflpedia.com/Situational_languag e_teaching • 19:02/8/3/2014http://teflpedia.com/Situati onal_language_teaching