3. Situational Language Teaching
use Oral Approach
It is an approach developed by
British linguists such as Harold
Palmer and A.S. Hornsby in the
7. THEORY OF LEARNING
The theory of learning underlying
Situation Language Teaching is
behaviorism, addressing more the
processes than the conditions of learning
language learning is habit-formation
should be avoided mistakes
presented orally first then in written form
Richards and Rodgers summarized the main
characteristics of the approach as follows:
• 1). Language teaching begins with the spoken language.
Material is taught orally before it is presented in written
• 2). The target language is the language of the classroom.
• 3). New language points are introduced and practiced
• 4). Vocabulary selection procedures are followed to
ensure that an essential general service vocabulary is
• 5). Items of grammar are graded following the principle
that simple forms should be taught before complex ones.
• 6). Reading and writing are introduced once a sufficient
lexical and grammatical basis is established.
Types of learning and teaching activities
Which use of :
Pictures of wall charts, flashcards, pictures, stick
Which together with actions gestures
reading of material or written exercises.
Class with the Oral Approach Method
The students should say sentences that they can see in
the pictures. They have to say immediately what the
Suitable for introduction to the language.
Objectives to master the four language skills
through talking grammar structure
The ability to quickly and accurately in speaking
situations and automatically with control the basic
It’s a method that does not requires many resources
It’s a good method if we use it in teaching
pronunciation or vocabulary
Its strong emphasis on oral practice, grammar and
sentence patterns conform to the intuitions of many
practically oriented classroom teachers.
Easier to understand because the item is newly
presented in a real situation.
The learner has no control over the
content of learning. He is required simply
to listen and repeat what the teacher says
and to respond to questions and
This method do not account for the
fundamental characteristic of language
namely the creativity and uniqueness of