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David Jacquier’s (CSIRO) presentation on the Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program (ACLEP) and the Australian Soil Resource Information System (ASRIS). Made to members and guests of the …

David Jacquier’s (CSIRO) presentation on the Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program (ACLEP) and the Australian Soil Resource Information System (ASRIS). Made to members and guests of the Riverina Branch of the Australian Society of Soil Science at a Soils Database Workshop, Albury-Wodonga campus of Charles Sturt University, on the 7 June 2013

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  • 1. The Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program- ASRIS, SoilMapp, National Soil Archive, Data StandardsLAND AND WATER /SOIL AND LANDSCAPE SCIENCEDavid Jacquier7 June 2013You can change this image to beappropriate for your topic by insertingan image in this space or use thealternate title slide with lines.Note: only one image should be usedand do not overlap the title text.Enter your Business Unit or Flagshipname in the ribbon above the url.Add collaborator logos in the whitespace below the ribbon.[delete instructions before use]
  • 2. BackgroundThe Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier2 |Soil Survey in Australia• States and territories are responsible for the soil survey coverage• Coverage is not complete, is mostly broad scale, and varies in quality• Considerable experimentation with new methods (e.g. airborne gamma-rayspectroscopy, DEMs, climate surfaces) to fill data gaps• The Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program (ACLEP) is developingstandards and better methods for acquiring and using soil information• The National Committee on Soil and Terrain (NCST) is the steering committeefor ACLEP. The NCST is comprised of membership from the state and territoryagencies responsible for soil survey and from federal agencies in relatedfields
  • 3. Data Standards3 |ACLEP publishes handbooks and guidelines for soil surveypractitionersAustralian Soil and Land Survey Field HandbookGuidelines for Surveying Soil and Land ResourcesThe Australian Soil ClassificationSoil Physical Measurement and Interpretation for Land EvaluationThese publications provide guidance on undertaking surveys,recommended analytical techniques and are the vocabularies fordata storage applications.The Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier
  • 4. The Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David JacquierAustralian Soil Resource Information System4 |ASRIS is an online geographic information system and it:• Provides access to the best available soil and land resource informationacross Australia• Combines the best of qualitative mapping with new quantitative information• Integrates soil and land information from many sources• Opens many new possibilities for monitoring and forecasting the condition ofAustralia’s soils and landscapes• Focuses on providing estimates of functional soil attributes (e.g. soil pH,electrical conductivity, available water capacity) and uses soil classification asa means of communication
  • 5. The Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier5 |
  • 6. 6 | The Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier
  • 7. The ASRIS data model (1)7 |The key elements:• A spatial hierarchy of land units with seven levels of generalization– The upper three levels provide general descriptions of soils and landscapesacross the continent.– Lower levels provide detailed information for regions where mapping iscomplete• A consistent set of soil attributes (e.g. soil depth, permeability, waterstorage)• Soil attributes are presented for idealised soil profiles that have fivecontiguous soil horizons• A soil profile database of fully characterised sites that are representative ofsignificant areas and environments• Estimates of uncertainty for soil attributes to encourage formal analysis ofthe uncertainty of predictions generatedThe Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier
  • 8. 8 |Level andtract nameMappingwindowMain attributes used formappingTypical uses for theinformationLevel 1Division30 km Broad physiography(slope and relief)Broad geographic contextLevel 2Province10 km Water balance,physiographyNational natural resourcepolicyLevel 3Zone3 km Substrate lithology,water balance,physiographyRegional natural resourcepolicyLevel 4District1 km Groupings ofgeomorphically relatedsystemsCatchment planning, locationof new industriesLevel 5System300 m Local climate, relief,slope, lithology,drainage network, soilprofile classCatchment management,hydrological modelling, landconservation, infrastructureplanningLevel 6Facet30 m Slope, aspect, landcurvature, soil profileclassFarm management, land-useplanning, on-ground worksLevel 7Site10 m Soil properties, surfacecondition, microreliefPrecision agriculture, sitedevelopmentThe Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier
  • 9. The ASRIS data model (2)9 |• The ASRIS five layer model• Each idealized soil profile is represented by five contiguous soil layers. The layersare intended to discriminate materials in terms of their functional behaviour.The Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier
  • 10. ASRIS attribution10 |A consistent set of land qualities or attributes is described forland-unit tracts at levels 3-6 . The attributes relate to the intrinsiccapability of land to support various land uses and include:• Landform – landform pattern, landform element, rock outcrop, drainage• Chemical properties – pH, organic carbon, EC, exch bases, ESP, CEC• Physical properties - bulk density, clay content, coarse fragment• Hydraulic properties – hydraulic conductivity, PAWC• Australian Soil ClassificationDescriptions from the lowest level units feed into summaries at higher levels.These are displayed in the online maps as area-weighted means.The Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier
  • 11. June 6th 201311 |Level 3 Level 4 Level 5The Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier
  • 12. 12 | The Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier
  • 13. 13 | The Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David JacquierContextual Datasets•Topographic attributes•Topographic maps•Land use•Land cover•Climate•Radiometrics
  • 14. 14 | The Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier
  • 15. SoilMappSoilMapp for iPad enables you to:• Identify commonly needed soil information for environmental modelling(i.e. carbon accounting, food security, species distribution)• learn about the likely soil types on your property• view maps, photographs, satellite images, tables and graphs of data aboutnearby soils• uncover your soil’s physical and chemical characteristics, including acidity(pH), soil carbon, available water storage, salinity and erodibility• get soil information to put into the farm computer model APSIM, a modelthat can help with management decisions on crops and project likely cropyields• access the app anywhere there is wireless or internet connection to youriPad.The Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier15 |
  • 16. The Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier16 |
  • 17. The Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier17 |
  • 18. National Soil Grids18 |Standard data products for environmental modelling• Identify commonly needed soil information for environmental modelling(i.e. carbon accounting, food security, species distribution)• Use the best available soil information• First products: Clay content 0-30cm, Bulk Density 0-30cm, Plant availablewater capacity 0-1m, pH 0-30cm, Australian Soil ClassificationChallenges• The data contains between 1-5 depth layers of varying thickness and somelayers may be missing• Data comes from several data sources• Flexible methodology to be able to deliver different depth slices (i.e.GlobalSoilMap.net 0-5, 5-15, 15-30, 30-60, 60-100, 100-200cm intervals)Datasets available from ASRIS Themes http://www.asris.csiro.au/themes.htmlThe Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier
  • 19. 19 |ConventionalMappingGrid/raster90m cellsRasterizationSoil profile data-variable intervals-missing dataFit splineDepth splinefunction1 cm intervalsStandarddepthmeanStandard depthsAttach to gridRe-fitsplineThe Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier
  • 20. 20 | The Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier
  • 21. 21 | The Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier
  • 22. The Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier22 |• Aspect• MrVBF• Plan and profile curvature• Slope (percent and degrees)• Median slope over 300 m radius circle• Relief (elevation range) over 300 m and 1000 m radius circle• Slope-relief classification• Topographic position index• Contributing area• Topographic wetness index• Cell area (varies with latitude due to geographic projection)Terrain Derivatives
  • 23. The Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier23 |Slope(%)Relief(300 m radius)
  • 24. The Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier24 |Data Format and Access• Terrain derivatives are in ESRI grid format• 1 second resolution datasets are available only as 1x1 degree tiles• 3 second datasets are available as 1x1 degree tiles and as anAustralia-wide mosaic in an ESRI file geodatabase• 3 second datasets available via the Data Access Portalhttps://data.csiro.au/dap
  • 25. CSIRO National Soil Archive25 |Soil specimens• 71,000 specimens housed in Canberra• 9,500 sites across Australia• Mainly collected for soil researchSoil Data• Relational database contain site descriptions, soil morphology and soilchemistry• Approximately 650,000 laboratory measurements• Many sites have detailed chemistry, micromorphology, soil physics and/ormineralogyThe Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program | David Jacquier
  • 26. LAND AND WATERThank you