Human trafficking

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  • 1. HUMAN TRAFFICKING AND PROSTITUTION
    Never too young to be sold
    N.RAVI
    RITESH ANAND
  • 2. EVOLUTION
    After the mid-twentieth century, trafficking became defined in terms of movement and exploitation rather than color. The movement of children for the purposes of prostitution has historically tended to reflect the economic disparities between rural and urban areas and between richer and poorer regions and countries
  • 3. DEFINITION
    • Slavery may have been abolished in most countries in the 1800s, but it still exists in the world today in different forms.
    • United Nations Convention on Transnational Organized Crime, Protocol on Trafficking:“…the purchasing, transfer, harboring or receiving of persons by threatening, use of force, fraud, abuse of power or position for the purpose of exploitation…”
    • Sexual, Labour, forced Marriage, Organ Transplant,
  • 4. CAUSES
    12 million African slaves
    moved to America in 400
    Years
    Status of Women
    Communication
    Globalization
    Poverty
    Migration
    30 million trafficked
    Women in South East Asia
    in the last 10 years
    Profits $8 Billion
  • 5.
  • 6. Profile of trafficking victims
  • 7. Cruel facts..
    EVERY HOUR, FOUR WOMEN AND GIRLS IN INDIA ENTER PROSTITUTION, THREE OF THEM AGAINST THEIR WILL - 13-year-old Mira of Nepal was offered a job as a domestic worker in Mumbai, India. Instead she arrived at a brothel on Mumbai's Falkland Road, where tens of thousands of young women are displayed in row after row of zoo-like animal cages. Her father had been duped into giving her to a trafficker.
  • 8. PREVENTION
    PROTECTION
    PROSECUTION
  • 9.
  • 10. MEASURES
    To eliminate trafficking process varied from state to state.
    Swadhar program – govt supports over 200 shelters with annual budget of $1m.
    Ujjawala program – approved funding for at least 53 state projects benefitting 1700 victims.
    Childline- Toll free call 1098-night & day- reaches out to children – street laborers
  • 11. MEASURES : CONTD
    Delhi govt . Toll free “ youth phone service” – 1-800-11-6888.
    Website to track missing children launched.
    How to change the world - The role of the social entrepreneur - As Childline expanded to new cities, the call-tracking system also emerged as an important source of child protection information.
    Microsoft Teams with CAP to Train Victims of Human Trafficking in IT
  • 12.
  • 13. Crime in India , NCRB 2005
  • 14. Newspaper advertisements
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    • FULL range of world-class beauty service by young, decent
    educated pretty, M/F masseurs (24 hrs) Shehrin 9821610168.
  • 15. STING OPERATION : PURCHASING A GIRL
  • 16. FLAT: where “madam” keeps 10-15 girls
  • 17.
  • 18. RELATED CASES
    'Dr Kidney' arrest exposes Indian organ traffic
    The arrest of "Doctor Kidney" Amit Kumar for running a sizeable racket in live kidneys has highlighted the role that South Asia plays as the hub of an international trade in human organs.
    Women emerge as primary victims in trafficking
    Porous borders with economically poorer Bangladesh and Nepal (from where none need visa to visit India) aggravate the problem of cross-border trafficking.
    Human trafficking has become a billion-dollar business: UNreport
    The United Nations report also said, that girls and women from West Bengal and Assam are being increasingly trafficked to Punjab and Haryana, where they are sexually exploited until they bear a male child.
  • 19. marriage offers come for a consideration ranging between Rs 5,000 and Rs 1 lakh,which are ascertained on the basis of her beauty. In some situations, poor family members sell children hoping that they will get a good life, job or education. However, most of them end up in a brothel or simply they are forced to have sex with clientele."
    Traffickers often use local people (sub-agents) in a community or village to find young women and children, and target families who are poor and vulnerable. "One of the major problems with making arrests is that the victim's family does not complain as it does not want to be used as witnesses against the agents or gangs involved in trafficking," an officer said.
  • 20. Major flesh trade centres
    Sonagachi in Kolkata
    Kamathipura in Mumbai
    G. B. Road in New Delhi
    Reshampura in Gwalior
    Budhwar Peth in Pune
    DalMandi in Varanasi,
    Naqqasa Bazaar in Saharanpur
    Naqqasa Bazaar in Saharanpur
    Chaturbhuj Sthan in Muzaffarpur
    Peddapuram and Gudivada in Andhra
    Meerganj Allahabad
    Ganga Jamuna Nagpur
  • 21. Human trafficking is a $32 bn worldwide business
    The boy racer
    Budhia Singh was sold as a baby by his illiterate and impoverished mother
    NGO worker involved in human trafficking arrested