HUMAN TRAFFICKING AND PROSTITUTION<br />Never too young to be sold<br />N.RAVI<br />RITESH ANAND<br />
EVOLUTION <br />After the mid-twentieth century, trafficking became defined in terms of movement and exploitation rather than color. The movement of children for the purposes of prostitution has historically tended to reflect the economic disparities between rural and urban areas and between richer and poorer regions and countries<br />
DEFINITION<br />• Slavery may have been abolished in most countries in the 1800s, but it still exists in the world today in different forms.<br />• United Nations Convention on Transnational Organized Crime, Protocol on Trafficking:“…the purchasing, transfer, harboring or receiving of persons by threatening, use of force, fraud, abuse of power or position for the purpose of exploitation…”<br />• Sexual, Labour, forced Marriage, Organ Transplant, <br />
CAUSES<br />12 million African slaves<br />moved to America in 400<br />Years<br />Status of Women<br />Communication<br />Globalization<br />Poverty<br />Migration<br />30 million trafficked<br />Women in South East Asia<br />in the last 10 years<br />Profits $8 Billion<br />
Cruel facts..<br />EVERY HOUR, FOUR WOMEN AND GIRLS IN INDIA ENTER PROSTITUTION, THREE OF THEM AGAINST THEIR WILL - 13-year-old Mira of Nepal was offered a job as a domestic worker in Mumbai, India. Instead she arrived at a brothel on Mumbai's Falkland Road, where tens of thousands of young women are displayed in row after row of zoo-like animal cages. Her father had been duped into giving her to a trafficker.<br />
MEASURES<br /> To eliminate trafficking process varied from state to state.<br />Swadhar program – govt supports over 200 shelters with annual budget of $1m.<br />Ujjawala program – approved funding for at least 53 state projects benefitting 1700 victims.<br />Childline- Toll free call 1098-night & day- reaches out to children – street laborers <br />
MEASURES : CONTD<br />Delhi govt . Toll free “ youth phone service” – 1-800-11-6888.<br />Website to track missing children launched.<br />How to change the world - The role of the social entrepreneur - As Childline expanded to new cities, the call-tracking system also emerged as an important source of child protection information.<br />Microsoft Teams with CAP to Train Victims of Human Trafficking in IT<br />
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RELATED CASES<br />'Dr Kidney' arrest exposes Indian organ traffic<br />The arrest of "Doctor Kidney" Amit Kumar for running a sizeable racket in live kidneys has highlighted the role that South Asia plays as the hub of an international trade in human organs.<br />Women emerge as primary victims in trafficking<br />Porous borders with economically poorer Bangladesh and Nepal (from where none need visa to visit India) aggravate the problem of cross-border trafficking.<br />Human trafficking has become a billion-dollar business: UNreport<br />The United Nations report also said, that girls and women from West Bengal and Assam are being increasingly trafficked to Punjab and Haryana, where they are sexually exploited until they bear a male child. <br />
marriage offers come for a consideration ranging between Rs 5,000 and Rs 1 lakh,which are ascertained on the basis of her beauty. In some situations, poor family members sell children hoping that they will get a good life, job or education. However, most of them end up in a brothel or simply they are forced to have sex with clientele." <br /> Traffickers often use local people (sub-agents) in a community or village to find young women and children, and target families who are poor and vulnerable. "One of the major problems with making arrests is that the victim's family does not complain as it does not want to be used as witnesses against the agents or gangs involved in trafficking," an officer said.<br />
Major flesh trade centres<br />Sonagachi in Kolkata<br />Kamathipura in Mumbai<br />G. B. Road in New Delhi<br />Reshampura in Gwalior<br />Budhwar Peth in Pune<br />DalMandi in Varanasi,<br />Naqqasa Bazaar in Saharanpur<br />Naqqasa Bazaar in Saharanpur<br />Chaturbhuj Sthan in Muzaffarpur<br />Peddapuram and Gudivada in Andhra <br />Meerganj Allahabad<br />Ganga Jamuna Nagpur<br />
Human trafficking is a $32 bn worldwide business<br />The boy racer<br />Budhia Singh was sold as a baby by his illiterate and impoverished mother<br />NGO worker involved in human trafficking arrested<br />
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