Gandhi and Gita : Reflections in life of Mahatma


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Bhagavad Gita gives a universal message for the welfare of all the living beings without consideration of race, caste, nationality and religion. It teaches us the art of living in the light of truth and happiness in whatever situation or occupation one may be. It helps us to understand the answers to the questions – Who are we? Who is God? Why we are suffering? What is real goal of life? And to get answers for the million dollar question – How to find the happiness?
We are the eternal soul which is never born and never dies. It is the living force in everybody that is seeing through our eyes and hearing through our ears. This body is like a chariot and the soul is like a passenger in the chariot; we are the soul and not the body. When we forget who we really are i.e. the soul, we spend our whole life thinking we will be happy by giving pleasure to the chariot of the body while we ignore the needs of soul. It is like decorating the cage and forgetting to feed the bird inside the cage. The purpose of the cage is to make the bird happy but if we spend all of our time decorating the cage and forget to nourish the bird then that bird will starve. Similarly, we spend so much of our time for this body and the bodies of others but we forget to nourish our real soul and souls of others. This is the reason for our suffering.
God is the seed giving father and mother of every living being. The soul’s nature or need is to love and serve God. Everything we do in life should be done as an offering of love to God. If we perform our actions with the consciousness to serve God then our work is yoga and it is spiritualized. If one wants to become a perfect yogi, all we have to do is perform our work for God. That is the highest yoga. When we water a tree, what does really give it nourishment- Is it watering the flowers, twigs, and leaves or watering the root. Watering the roots of a tree nourishes it and makes it blossom. Similarly, God is the root and source of our existence. We are entrusted with God’s property to make him happy and nothing belongs to us anyways as it will be taken away at the time of death. So, if we will try to please God then automatically we will be pleased like flowers, twigs and leaves of tree that are nourished when roots are watered. Thus, it is only by giving our love to God that we can develop love for everyone and be an ambassador of love.
The process to achieve this love is mentioned in Bhagavad Gita, it recommends us not to stop our work or change it, but to do it in pure consciousness. This is the greatest need in the world, to change our consciousness from self-conscious to God-conscious. We may observe two persons doing exactly the same thing, but the difference is, a person with pure consciousness performs his work selflessly and he develops humility, love and devotion to God whereas if the same work is done for selfishly, the bad elements of arrogance, envy and greed creep into our consciousness.

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Gandhi and Gita : Reflections in life of Mahatma

  1. 1. Gandhi & Gita RITESH KHATRI IIT Indore
  2. 2. Gandhi’s introduction to Gita •In England during second year •Two English Brothers asked to read •English version by Sir Edwin Arnold •Captivated for life by gita’s message
  3. 3. • Studied in detail during imprisonment years • Translated in Gujarati • Series of letter sent to Ashram from yeravda prison
  4. 4. What is Gita? Religious Book Promoting violence
  5. 5. How it is relevant to a person whose life and principles are based on non violence and truth ?
  6. 6. Arjuna Became Disfunctional , could not take decision Hence Krishna Spoke Bhagavad Gita This is where it is relevant to Gandhi and to us
  7. 7. Topics of the Bhagavad-Gita • Describes: • atma (the Soul) • yogas and their purposes • karma (duty or action) • reincarnation (life after death) • sanatana dharma (eternal duty of the living entity) • prakrti (material nature) • isvara (the Supreme Lord)
  8. 8. Reflection of Bhagavad Gita in Mahatma Gandhi’s life
  9. 9. Qualities of a Learned Person The humble sages, by virtue of true knowledge, see with equal vision a learned and gentle brahmana, a cow, an elephant, a dog and a dog-eater [outcaste].
  10. 10. Qualities of a Learned Person A person is considered still further advanced when he regards honest well-wishers, affectionate benefactors, the neutral, mediators, the envious, friends and enemies, the pious and the sinners all with an equal mind.
  11. 11. Reflection in Gandhi’s Life • For I want to bring about an equalization of status. The working classes have all these centuries been isolated and relegated to a lower status. They have been shoodras, and the word has been interpreted to mean an inferior status. I want to allow no differentiation between the son of a weaver, of an agriculturist and of a schoolmaster. • Organized Indians as stretcher bearers and orderlies in 1st world war
  12. 12. Qualities of a Learned Person
  13. 13. Qualities of a Learned Person The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: Fearlessness; purification of one's existence; cultivation of spiritual knowledge; charity; self-control; performance of sacrifice; study of the Vedas; austerity; simplicity; nonviolence; truthfulness; freedom from anger; renunciation; tranquillity; aversion to faultfinding; compassion for all living entities; freedom from covetousness; gentleness; modesty; steady determination; vigor; forgiveness; fortitude; cleanliness; and freedom from envy and from the passion for honor—these transcendental qualities, O son of Bharata, belong to godly men endowed with divine nature.
  14. 14. Reflectionin Gandhi’s life •Fearlessness, self control – 2 of 11 vows followed throughout life •Simplicity - believed in simple life •Non violence and truthfulness – foundation of his philosophy •Cleanliness – emphasized on cleanliness t ashram inmates Cleanliness is next to godliness •Purification of ones existence •Cultivation of spiritual knowledge
  15. 15. Selfless Service You have a right to perform your prescribed duty, but you are not entitled to the fruits of action. Never consider yourself the cause of the results of your activities, and never be attached to not doing your duty.
  16. 16. Leadership Whatever action a great man performs, common men follow. And whatever standards he sets by exemplary acts, all the world pursues.
  17. 17. Science of Mind One must deliver himself with the help of his mind, and not degrade himself. The mind is the friend of the conditioned soul, and his enemy as well.
  18. 18. Science of Mind For him who has conquered the mind, the mind is the best of friends; but for one who has failed to do so, his mind will remain the greatest enemy.
  19. 19. The mind is a restless bird, the more it gets the more it wants and still remains unsatisfied. The more we indulge in our passion, the more unbridle they become.
  20. 20. Managing Society According to the three modes of material nature and the work associated with them, the four divisions of human society are created by Me. And although I am the creator of this system, you should know that I am yet the nondoer, being unchangeable.
  21. 21. Reflection in Gandhi’s Life The varna system is ethical as well as economic. It recognises the influence of previous lives and of heredity. All are not born with equal powers and similar tendencies. Neither the parents nor the state can measure the intelligence of each child. But there would be no difficulty if each child is prepared for the profession indicated by heredity, environment and the influence of former lives; no time would be lost in fruitless experimentation, there would be no soulkilling competition, a spirit of contentment would pervade society and there would be no struggle for existence.
  22. 22. Significance of Diet Foods dear to those in the mode of goodness increase the duration of life, purify one's existence and give strength, health, happiness and satisfaction. Such foods are juicy, fatty, wholesome, and pleasing to the heart.
  23. 23. Significance of diet Foods that are too bitter, too sour, salty, hot, pungent, dry and burning are dear to those in the mode of passion. Such foods cause distress, misery and disease.
  24. 24. Significance of diet Food prepared more than three hours before being eaten, food that is tasteless, decomposed and putrid, and food consisting of remnants and untouchable things is dear to those in the mode of darkness.
  25. 25. The way of life
  26. 26. Thank You