French Train à Grande Vitesse (Tgv

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French Train à Grande Vitesse (Tgv

  1. 1. French Train à Grande Vitesse (TGV) Deepak Ritesh Sudhir
  2. 3. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>The TGV network includes 932 miles of high speed lines operated by more than 500 TGV train sets in France alone. </li></ul><ul><li>1.4 billion TGV passengers since 1981 without a </li></ul><ul><li>single casualty </li></ul><ul><li>• Continuous growth in passengers </li></ul><ul><li>• Currently 100 million passengers a year </li></ul><ul><li>• 680 TGV trains circulate daily </li></ul><ul><li>• 250 stations served </li></ul>
  3. 4. Key Data <ul><li>Service Operator SNCF </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure Operator Réseau Ferré deFrance </li></ul><ul><li>Opening Dat 1981 </li></ul><ul><li>Route Length 1,550km (963miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum Line Speed 270–320km/h </li></ul><ul><li>Gauge 1,435mm </li></ul><ul><li>Voltage (LGV) 25kV ac </li></ul>
  4. 5. OBJECTIVE <ul><li>The main Endeavour of the project is to strengthen services for the towns of Bordeaux, Libourne, Angoulême, Poitiers, Tours, Chatellerault, Orleans and Paris, and cut down on commuting time. </li></ul>
  5. 6. PROJECT <ul><li>The TGV/LGV system evolved from several projects aimed at cutting rail journey times, with hover and magnetic levitation systems and gas turbine propulsion being discarded along the way </li></ul><ul><li>The aim was to link the largest centers only, intermediate stations, deviations for smaller communities and related track work could be kept to a minimum </li></ul>
  6. 7. COST ANALYSIS <ul><li>The total project cost of this network is set nearly 35 billion dollars. </li></ul><ul><li>The SNCF has recently placed orders for 45 new double-deck TGV train set to increase passenger capacity on PSE line. </li></ul><ul><li>These new trains will carry 540 passengers each and will help to reduce the SNCF’s operating costs per seat-kilometer. </li></ul><ul><li>The TGV-Nord project has connected Paris and the other TGV lines with Lille (France), Brussels (Belgium), and the Channel Tunnel </li></ul>
  7. 8. COST ANALYSIS <ul><li>In all cases, rolling stock is financed by SNCF. As far as the </li></ul><ul><li>infrastructure itself is concerned: </li></ul><ul><li>1. The first TGV line, Paris Lyon (TGV Southeast) was entirely financed by SNCF itself. </li></ul><ul><li>2. TGV Atlantique line (Paris-Tours) benefited from a State subsidy of 30% for &quot;superstructure&quot; (track, catenaries, signaling…) </li></ul>
  8. 9. COST ANALYSIS 4. TGV Mediterranean (extension of Southeast) received a subsidy of 10% of total costs. 5. The most important example of subsidy is the new TGV East line (Paris-Strasbourg), which was largely paid for – up to 76% - with public funds (National government, EU, and regional cities served).
  9. 10. COST ANALYSIS
  10. 11. COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS <ul><li>The journey time between </li></ul><ul><li>Paris and Lyon was cut in half </li></ul><ul><li>(4hr down to 2) opening new </li></ul><ul><li>markets similar to Paris- </li></ul><ul><li>London. </li></ul><ul><li>• Making rail a fierce competitor </li></ul><ul><li>to air and enabling rail to win </li></ul><ul><li>significant market share on </li></ul><ul><li>routes with journey times of 3 </li></ul><ul><li>hours or less. </li></ul>
  11. 13. SOCIAL ANALYSIS <ul><li>Precise route alignment design avoids huge earthwork and saves land acquisition costs. </li></ul><ul><li>. High speed lines can in fact be coupled with highway right of ways because slopes and ramps used for HS rail design are close to road standards (3.5 to 4 %). </li></ul><ul><li>• For instance, the North Europe line in France runs along the Paris Lillie highway. This saves on the cost of acquiring land, as well as the amount of land used. </li></ul>
  12. 14. TECHNICAL ANALYSIS <ul><li>Track design and rail type for the TGV-A dedicated segments have not had to be significantly modified from TGV-PSE standards. Heavy rails (type UCI 60) that are 36 meters in length are welded to 396-meter lengths at the factory and are then shipped to site and laid. The rails are continuous-weld rails (no expansion gaps) that provide a uniform surface for high speed operation. </li></ul>
  13. 15. TECHNICAL ANALYSIS <ul><li>Ties (or sleepers) are made of concrete (twin block type) and placed every 60 cm (1,666 per kin). Such ties are relatively inexpensive, easy to fabricate, particularly durable, and lend exceptional lateral strength to the track system. Steel spikes are double-curved with nylon isolating abutments that lend strength and superior lateral resistance to the track assembly. </li></ul>
  14. 16. TECHNICAL ANALYSIS <ul><li>Manyo f the design specifications for the TGV-Aright of way are identical to those conceived for the PSE line; there are, of course, certain exceptions due to local conditions. In all, the construction of the new line used 70,000 tons of rail, one million ties, and 2 million tons of ballast </li></ul>
  15. 18. MARKET ANALYSIS <ul><li>The first step in the commercial market analysis for TGV-Atlantique services was to determine the context for the new service. </li></ul><ul><li>The TGV-PSEH ad been running successfully for a number of years; its success was both technical and financial. </li></ul><ul><li>Certain improvements in the train were necessary, such as the design of the seats for better comfort and a new design for the cramped bar car. </li></ul>
  16. 19. MARKET ANALYSIS <ul><li>TGV service (at the point that the Atlantique became operational) represents In this light, care was taken not promote the new technology at the expense of the national railway’s fundamental mission: the provision of excellent, efficient, cost-competitive rail transportation to all of the citizens of France. </li></ul>
  17. 20. MARKET ANALYSIS <ul><li>Marketing the TGV-Aw as to be done in concert with the general policies of the SNCF with respect to passengers and fares. </li></ul><ul><li>Another element considered as part of the context of TGV-A service was the competition for passengers from other modes. </li></ul><ul><li>The private automobile was seen as the biggest competitor. Approximately 60 percent of the annual passenger market in 1985 was held by private auto </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  18. 21. MARKET ANALYSIS <ul><li>As in the United States, the private auto is the mode of choice for most suburban and rural travelers. The car symbolizes independence, freedom, individuality, and is becoming an important part of the lives of many French families. </li></ul><ul><li>The operating cost of a car is independent of the number of passengers it carries, making it relatively inexpensive. For a family of four, a train trip can be very costly compared to the car. </li></ul>
  19. 23. FINANCIAL ANALYSIS

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