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  • 1. Mr. Saurabh Bhatia Founder and CEO , Safew Labs, Mumbai
  • 2. The Ecosystem
  • 3. Chronicle ●Free Software Foundation Started by Richard Stallman in 1984, Creates GNU ●1991 Linux Created by Linus Torvalds based on Minix, released under GNU GPL. ●1998 , Eric Raymond Starts Open Source Initiative, which slight changes in the Free Software Philosophy. ●Till Date, Open Source + Free Software comprise of big chunks of operations by Big Companies Like Google , Yahoo , Sony , Texas Instruments ●Open Source Enters , Hardware, Written Content ●Compatible with all devices available !
  • 4. OSS: Definition Open-source software (OSS) is computer software that is available in source code form for which the source code and certain other rights normally reserved for copyright holders are provided under a software license that permits users to study, change, and improve the software. The license has to comply to the Open Source Definition given by Open Source Initiative (OSI).
  • 5. Definition by OSI The Criteria for Open Source is as follows : 1. Free Redistribution 2. Source Code 3. Derived Works 4. Integrity of The Author's Source Code 5. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups 6. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor 7. Distribution of License 8. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product 9. License Must Not Restrict Other Software 10. License Must Be Technology-Neutral
  • 6. Free Software ●Free Software Refers to the software that provides the following freedoms : ●The freedom to run the program, for any purpose (freedom 0). ●The freedom to study how the program works, and change it to make it do what you wish (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this. ●The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor (freedom 2). ●The freedom to distribute copies of your modified versions to others (freedom 3). By doing this you can give the whole community a chance to benefit from your changes. Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
  • 7. Free Software & OSS ●Free Software - Free as in free speech, not free Beer. ●Freedom to ? - Share , Study , Modify ●According to Stallman - Few Licenses in Open Source Restrict users in ”development of software” ●Open Source Considers only their underlying criteria for their compliance, whereas free software considers whether a device would let you run the program or not.
  • 8. Community Driven Software ●Cathedral and Bazaar ●Cathedral – Propritory Software – Microsoft , Apple , Oracle . Finely Developed in Isolation ●Bazaar Model – Open Source, Free Software. Many People, Different Perspectives, Common Goal. ●People around the globe collaborate . ●Bound by common goal , rules, policies. ●Different Perspectives
  • 9. Why Should We Use It? ●More Secure and Devoid of Viruses ●Better Stability ●Availability of wide range of development tools ●Updated and Supported ●No Piracy ●All Drivers Available ●Bugs Get Fixed Actively ●Chage according to your will ●Use it in your local language
  • 10. Commercial Open Source ●Red Hat Enterprise Linux ●Suse Enterprise Edition ●OpenExchange Enterprise ●Xtuple ERP ●Landscape ●Dim Dim ●Star Office
  • 11. Business Models ●Support and Service Models (Ubuntu) ●Free and Enterprise Versions (MySQL, Red Hat) ●SaaS model (Dim Dim) ●Products around Open Source (Amanda - MySQL, Ubuntu – Landscape )
  • 12. Where to meet people? ●Linux User Groups – LUGs are local area groups. ●FSF Chapters statewise ●Local Groups Like Twincling in AP ●Tech Specific groups, like Python User Groups, Ruby User Groups, Lua User Groups
  • 13. The Road Ahead! Google ● Read Wikipedia ● ●Join and LUG , Learn Ettiquets of the List , Start Posting