University of Ruhuna, Matara
Bhutanese Refugee in Nepal
Background of the study ( Historical background of
Bhutan and Nepal’s relation)
Push and Pull factors for migration( What led Ethnic
Nepalese to migrate to Southern part of Bhutan)
Seeing self and others (Economically emerging
Lhotsampas as threat to existing dominant Drukpas)
Bhutan’s Ethno- Nationalization issues
Underlying political issues
Human Rights Problems
Lhotsampas forced to leave the country.
Tag of terrorist movement to Bhutan People’s
Violation of Human Rights by burning the houses
of Lhotsampas and committing insane crimes like
rape and torture.
Local officials took advantage of the climate of
repression to coerce ethnic Nepalese to sell their
land below its fair value and to emigrate.
Crackdown on Ethnic Nepalese in
Series of repressive citizenship law and “
“ one people, one nation”
Denationalization of Lhotsampas
Protests and demonstrations by activists like Tek
Many activists and leaders arrested and
imprisoned for being anti- nationalist.
Threat to revoke citizenship
A Bhutanese refugee looks from a bamboo hut in
the Ti Mai camp, Nepal. Photograph: Desmond
Lhotsampas fled to Nepal and in some parts of
Government of Bhutan met its target to reduce its
southern population by third.
UNHCR( United Nations Human Commission
Rights) and Government of Nepal
Refugee camps in Nepal under UNHCR
Ethnic Nepalese Women’s Status in
Citizenship crisis to divorced and widowed
women in Bhutan.
Polygamy as a source of domestic violence.
Cases of rapes and tortures by government
Women’s status in refugee
Failed to ensure the refugee women’s
independent access to aid.
Discrimination against women in refugee
Non- registration of Ration cards in Women’s
Gender Based violence in refugee camps.
Despite of many rounds of high level meetings
with the government authorities of Nepal and
Bhutan the way out for refugees seems blur
UNHCR’s resettlement program for Bhutanese
Bhutan’s Gross national happiness a myth
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