MAIN GROUPS OF PEST• Rodents: rats and mice• Insects : flies and cockroaches• Birds : sparrows, pigeons and starlingNote : Pest infestation are one of the majorreasons for prosecution in cateringindustry.
Problems associated with pests• Pests carry food poisoning bacteria in theirdropping, fur, feathers, and feet.• Rats and mice gnaw on woodwork gaspipes cables etc to wear down their incisorteeth.• Cockroaches leave very unpleasant smell.They like warm and moist areas, so, theyare found behind ovens and hot waterpipes. They can squeeze through narrowgaps and emerge when its dark.
• Flies feed on a widevariety of matters likewaste food andanimal feces. Whilefeeding they depositfeces on food, andalso vomit salivabefore sucking it upagain.• Bird droppings makebuilding look dirty. Italso damages thestructure. Birds nestblock gutters, causingoverflows or blockageof drain.
PREVENTIONTo stop pests from entering cateringpremises:1. Keep building at good repair.2. Keep doors shut.3. Windows closed or covered with flyscreen.4. Check containers at the time of fooddeliveries
INSPECTION PROCEDURE• Seal utility entries.• Keep door tight and at good repair.• Keep window screens at good repair.• Keep roof in good repair and free fromstanding water.• Check ventilation and exhausts• Keep walls free of cracks and holes.• Clean and cover refuse containers.
• Keep parking areas free of litter• Keep inside, under, Keep dinning areasfree from signs of pest activity.• Keep kitchen area free of pest activity. Rats drink three times as much they eat.So they will not stay where water is notavailable.Note- pests are attracted to food premisesthat provide food, water, warmth, andshelter
Signs of infestations
• Live or dead rodents, insects or birds.• Droppings• Gnawing marks• Torn packets, paper or cardboard boxes• Grease marks on skirting boards• Footprints on dust.• egg
CONTROL OF PESTS• Electrically operatedflying insect killer. Ithas metal grid whichare electrocuted andflash light withultraviolet rays toattract the flyinginsects.• Tamper resistant baitbox.
• Cockroaches andother insects aretreated withinsecticide sprays.• Birds are encouragedto eat food withnarcotic drugs thatcauses deep sleep
MAINTENANCEOrganized inspection procedure: With flashlight and screw driver toobserve hidden areas. Look for signs of pest infestation- dead orlive. Lift the shelves, pull out the drawers,check behind the cabinets, sinks, checkabove false ceilings etc.
• Check dinning area including under thetables.• Check the exterior of the building forcracks and crevices.• Check refuse areas for cleanliness• Check air ducts and roof top equipmentsfor accumulation of debris.• Check wooden furniture and fixtures forsigns of pest infestation.
STORAGE• Area should be locked or have limitedaccess.• Entrance should be labeled with a sign-“pesticides stored here. Keep out.”• Pesticides are best stored in originalcontainer.• Must check the pesticides regularly forleaks and tears.• To keep label intact coat it with lacquer ortransparent tape.
• May deteriorate in storage. Speciallyunder conditions of high temperature anhumidity.• They have strong odor, if odor grows mayindicate a leak or spill or defectivecontainer or deterioration even.• Storage temperature effect shelf life ofpesticides. Ideal storage conditions arecool, dry and out of sunlight .
• Below freezing temperature causes separationof components.• High temperature may make them volatile orbreak down rapidly and glass containers toburst.Note :When mixing pesticides review the label directionsand protect the skin. Wear gloves during mixing.With proper storage of pesticide products can becarried over for several years.