Linguistic „Doings‟in “Desperate Doings in the Dungeons”
Corpus of analysis:‘Desperate Doings in the Dungeon’‘Allo ‘Allo – Episode One from Season Five
ILLOCUTIONARY ACTThe act viewed in terms of the utterance’ssignificance within a conventional system of social interaction THE ILLOCUTIONARY ACT REFLECTS THE INTENTION OF THE SPEAKER
Illocutionary Acts• Are intended by the speaker• Are under the full control of the speaker• Exist within a conventional system of social interaction• Depend on context
Classes of Illocutionary Acts1. Expositives2. Verdictives3. Exercitives or Directives4. Commissives5. Behabitives.
René: Would you believe the plot has now thickened? Recapitulating
Michelle: Listen very carefully; I shall say this only once.The speakeris drawing the hearers’ attention to the fact that she is about to expose information
Gruber: The man is a peasant, René. The moment his head touches the pillow he is asleep.René: How insensitive.The speaker is expressing an opinion; he is issuing a judgement (although he is also, at the same time criticising Bertorelli, which is a behabitive illocutionary act, as we will see later)
René: Mimi, when Madame Edith sings, always have ready a dustpan and brush. The speaker is directing the hearer’s actions by suggesting she should try and silence Madame Edith.
Michelle: We will show this photograph to Monsieur Leclerc… …we will take him into the chateau… …we will photograph the plans The speaker, Michelle, is committing herself (and the Resistance) to a certain course of action
René: I could not afford the taxi. The speaker iscriticisingthehearer’splan/conduct
Final CommentsLanguage is used not just to say something, butrather, to do something.An illocutionary act may be performed bydifferent locutionary acts – directly or indirectly.Conversely, a locutionary act may have differentillocutionary acts, depending on its context.
BibliographyHurford, James R., B. Heasley& M. B. Smith (2007), Semantics: A Coursebook, Cambridge: CUP, pp 260-269Croft, David & Jeremy Lloud (1988), ‘Allo ‘Allo – Season 5, Episode 1 ‘DesperateDoings in theDungeon’