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Vocab Hw


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Jeopardy game to guess computer hardware terms, goes with the presentation "Computer Hardware".

Jeopardy game to guess computer hardware terms, goes with the presentation "Computer Hardware".

Published in: Technology

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  • 1. Computer Hardware Vocabulary
  • 2. Computer
    • Electronic device that
      • 1) takes in data and instructions (input)
      • 2) works with the data (processing)
      • 3) puts out information (output),
    • Consists of hardware and software.
  • 3. Hardware
    • Parts of a computer system that you can touch.
  • 4. Input device
    • Hardware used to input data,
    • Examples: Keyboard, mouse
  • 5. Output device
    • Hardware used to output information,
    • Examples: Printers and monitors
  • 6. Storage device
    • Hardware used to store data,
    • Examples: Hard drive, floppy drive, CD drive.
  • 7. Hard drive (HD)
    • Storage device built into a computer, sometimes external.
    • Holds data files and program files, even when the computer crashes or is turned off.
    • 40 MB and bigger.
  • 8. Motherboard
    • Plain board,
    • contains the computer's basic circuits and parts, like the CPU, the RAM, the BIOS, expansion slots and buses.
  • 9. CPU/ (Micro-)Processor
    • most important part of a computer.
    • brain of the computer,
    • processes data and instructions,
    • Central Processing Unit
  • 10. ALU
    • part of the CPU,
    • performs arithmetic and logic operations like additions, comparisons, etc.
    • Arithmetic Logic Unit
  • 11. Clock rate
    • Speed of the processor to execute instructions,
    • measured in megahertz (MHz =Million clock cycles per second) or gigahertz (GHz =Billion clock cycles per second).
  • 12. BIOS
    • Basic Input Output System,
    • wakes up the computer when you turn it on,
    • starts the operating system.
  • 13. ROM
    • The BIOS resides on a such a memory chip,
    • Read Only Memory.
  • 14. Boot process
    • Sequence of events that happens
      • after turning a computer on and
      • before it gets ready.
  • 15. RAM
    • Everything disappears here when power is off
    • holds data and programs while the CPU uses them,
    • Random access memory,
    • Types: SDRAM, RDRAM.
  • 16. Bus
    • Path for data on the motherboard.
  • 17. Expansion Card
    • Special purpose circuit board to expand the capability of a computer,
    • Example: video card.
  • 18. Expansion Slots
    • Slots on the motherboard for expansion cards
  • 19. Chip
    • Tiny piece of silicon with electronic circuits,
    • CPU and memory (RAM and ROM) live on those,
    • Integrated circuit.