RISS - international school - library news-letter_10-2011

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Library news letter 10-201for education. RISS - Renaissance International School Saigon. Offers from pre-school to secondary curriculum under the structure of the British system. Located in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

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RISS - international school - library news-letter_10-2011

  1. 1. Pollution is one of the main causes of the deteriora-tion of our environment. Pollution is nothing but the con-tamination of our planet by harmful substances and wast-ages or the unwanted things which is added to the naturalcontents like air, water, etc. Some of the worst conse-quences of the pollution are: the global warming,the diminishing resources and weather instability which weare experiencing today. Knowing wherepollution comes from can help us to avoid those activitieswhich increase the contamination of the planet.AIR POLLUTIONAir is one of the essential elements in our life. It provides uswith oxygen, which allows us to breathe. The air can be bothour friend and enemy. With the numerous chemicals like car-bon dioxide, methane, and harmful compounds, a polluted air isa source of various sicknesses.70% of air pollution in cities of Vietnam is caused by vehicles.Dust pollution in big cities exceeds standards from 5-7 times.In Hanoi, a decade ago, bicycles and three-wheeled pedaltaxis rode quietly down the tree-lined streets of Vietnamscapital. Today, more than 2 millions motorcycles and scootersbuzz through Hanoi in a confused and unrelieved cacophony.As its economy surges forward, motorcycles have become thesymbol of economic freedom in Vietnam.Motorbikes are now the most popular vehicles in Vietnam,accounting for 95 percent of the total vehicles in the country.Vietnam has around 3 millions new motorbikes and 150,000cars registered annually. Notably, motorbikes are not con-trolled for exhaust fume.By the end of 2010, there were 33 million motorbikes andcars in Vietnam, including 1.4 million cars
  2. 2. WATER POLLUTIONLike air, water is a source of life. Humans will not be able to function well without adequateintake of water. This nourishes our body, and helps remove the wastes and toxins inside it. Asidefrom human beings, plants and animals need water in order to survive."The river used to be clean and full of fish," said Tran Bach, 67, who has lived for his entire lifein Long Tho, a village on the bank of the Thi Vai river. Fifteen years ago, he says, he could catchabout 50 kg of fish per day, enough to support his family of five. "With too many factories builtalong the bank, the river is now so dirty and polluted that we can no longer drink its water orcatch any fish from it," he complained. "Now, the riverbed is full of waste and it has becomenarrower and shallower." Bach’s neighbour, Le Bich Son, added that respiratory diseases andintestinal sicknesses are also increasingly common among local people; this is linked to thepollution in the river. Viet Nam’s freshwater and marine biodiversity is relatively high but threatened by domestic and indus- trial water pollution, dam and road construction, dredging, over-fishing and destructive fishing techniques, as well as intensive aquaculture. The geography and topography of Viet Nam makes the country extremely vulnerable to natural hazards. Heavily populated areas such as the Delta Regions of the Red River and the Mekong Riveralong with the Central Coastal Regions are especially vulnerable to natural disasters which haveextreme effects on people, their livelihood, their agricultural lands, their livestock, and theirinfrastructure. INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION Vietnam has been growing at a phenomenal rate since the adoption, in the late 1980s, of reforms that have stimulated its economy. The industrial sector, which is growing by 15 percent per year, is the principal driving force behind the countrys development. It is also the principal polluter: air pollutants, contaminants dumped into waterways, and hazardous wastes cause serious environmental damage.
  3. 3. DEFORESTATIONIllegal logging is escalating in the countrys northern and central provinces, wreaking havoc onthe environment and threatening to worsen floods in the area. Forests in mountainous areas arebeing chopped down for logs while coastal mangrove forests are being cleared for fish farms.Professor Phan Nguyen Hong, who has been researching mangrove forests for 40 years, saidVietnams swamplands have been cleared by locals wanting to make quick profits by sellingfirewood and breeding fish."We have just over 150,000 hectares of mangroveforests left, just one third of the original area", hesaid. "Tens of thousands of hectares have beencleared every year to raise shrimp. The deforestationhas damaged the coastal ecosystem and environmentalimpacts will gradually cause disease for the shrimp",Hong added.Mangrove forests also help prevent soil erosionthanks to their thick tree roots and by slowing downriver currents.There are a lot of environmental hazards that comes with the impact of pollution. The vast,humid expanse of the Mekong delta is home to more than 17 million people, who have relied forgenerations on its thousands of river arteries. But rising sea water caused by global warming isnow increasing the salt content of the river water and threatening the livelihoods of millions ofpoor farmers and fishermen.Vietnam is listed by the World Bank among the countries most threatened by rising watersbrought about by higher global temperatures. Such a rise could leave a third of the MekongDelta underwater and lead to mass internal migration and devastation in a region that producesnearly half of Vietnams rice.For more about pollution http://facingthefuture.org/If you want to learn more about pollutionCome at the RISS library and check out one of these books
  4. 4. Birthday Oscar WildeOscar Wilde was born on 16th This experience deeply shocked and affected him. During this time, heOctober 1854 in Dublin, Ireland.He was a brilliant scholar but also wrote De Profundis. Upon hisincreasingly rebellious. He was release in 1897, he wrote Theawarded a scholarship to Dublin Ballad of Reading Gaol,college, then to Oxford University. revealing his concern for inhumaneHe enjoyed his time in Oxford and Stop by the prison conditions.was able to develop his poetic He left for Paris where he lived in RISS Librarysensibilities and love of literature. comparative anonymity. andHe also became more conscious of The life of Wilde was turbulent and check one of hishis bisexual nature. volatile. Never short books out !!!He moved to London where he was of incident. It reflected his ownable to skillfully enter into high inner paradoxes andsociety, soon becoming well known revolutionary views. In some waysas a playwright and noted wit. he was both a saint and sinner atIn 1881, he published his first the same time. Wilde was not an overtly political commentator butcollection of poetry Poems. through his plays there is anIn 1884 he married Constance underlying critique of socialLloyd, and they had two sons, Cyriland Vyvyan. norms that are illumined for TheHis first and only novel, their absurdities. He died of cerebral meningitis onPicture of Dorian Gray,was published in 1891. November 30, 1900, penniless, in a cheap Paris hotel.His dress was a target forsatire in the cartoons, but Wildedidn’t seem to mind. In fact he “I am so clever thatlearnt the art of self-publicity andseemed to revel in it, at least up sometimes I don’tuntil his trial in 1898 for his understand a single word“crime” of homosexual acts. of what I am saying.”He was found guilty, and sentenced Oscar Wildeto prison for two years.

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