Presentation Caregiving 1

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Presentation Caregiving 1

  1. 1. Caring for Mental Health Disorders 1
  2. 2. Mental Health Disorders Caregivers may  work with diverse populations, which may include people with mental health problems. While most caregivers will work elderly or aging adults, some will work with other populations that also need assistance. You may work with people with mental health problems. You may work with the following mental health problems as a caregiver 2
  3. 3. Anxiety Disorders Panic disorder  Phobias  Obsessive-compulsive  disorder Post-traumatic stress  disorder Anxiety Disorders: All of us experience anxiety from time to time. A person with an anxiety disorder will have such a high level of anxiety that coping with life’s challenges may be too difficult for the person. He may use a variety of coping mechanisms, some of which might be harmful to the person or to others. Anxiety disorders include the four most common forms: Panic disorder, phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder. Any of these disorders may make it impossible for the person to live a normal, productive life. 3
  4. 4. Schizophrenia a severe, chronic  and disabling mental health disorder. symptoms include:  delusions, hallucinations, paranoia and psychosis. Schizophrenia: This is a severe, chronic and disabling mental health disorder. It typically begins in the late teens to the 20s or 30s. Symptoms of this disorder include delusions, hallucinations, paranoia and psychosis. Individuals with schizophrenia may work and be independent while taking appropriate medication. Medications have side effects that can be unpleasant, however, causing many with this disorder to discontinue their medication, and their symptoms to reoccur. As they age, individuals with schizophrenia may look like a lot like a person with Alzheimer’s disease. Many of the same tools work with these individuals – distraction, humor, reassurance, and not challenging their reality. 4
  5. 5. Mood Disorders Bi-polar disorder:  Individuals with bi- polar disorder may be mostly manic or mostly depressive. Serious depression  can occur in many adults, including older adults. Mood Disorders: these typically include bi-polar disorder (what we used to call manic-depressive disorder) and serious depression. Individuals with bi-polar disorder may be mostly manic (high energy, racing thoughts, irritability, restlessness) or mostly depressive (hopelessness, loss of interest in life, decreased energy, suicidal thoughts or actions). Serious depression occurs in many adults, including older adults. It can frequently be very successfully treated with medication. 5

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