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DEA Methamphetamine and chemical control
DEA Methamphetamine and chemical control
DEA Methamphetamine and chemical control
DEA Methamphetamine and chemical control
DEA Methamphetamine and chemical control
DEA Methamphetamine and chemical control
DEA Methamphetamine and chemical control
DEA Methamphetamine and chemical control
DEA Methamphetamine and chemical control
DEA Methamphetamine and chemical control
DEA Methamphetamine and chemical control
DEA Methamphetamine and chemical control
DEA Methamphetamine and chemical control
DEA Methamphetamine and chemical control
DEA Methamphetamine and chemical control
DEA Methamphetamine and chemical control
DEA Methamphetamine and chemical control
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DEA Methamphetamine and chemical control

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  • 1. Drug Enforcement Administration Methamphetamine And Chemical Control Joseph T. Rannazzisi Deputy Chief Office of Enforcement Operations
  • 2. All Meth Clandestine Laboratory Incidents (Labs, Dumpsites, Chem/Glass/Equipment) Calendar Year 2001 1479 85 65 154 587 131 18 45 30 122 8 578 208 17 320 521 89 259 161 240 853 2181 17 5 1884 175 MA 1 806 404 495 32 RI 1 312 103 10 224 166 59 NJ 1AK 14 620 16 MD 2HI 3 ME 2 35 NH 2Source: National Clandestine Laboratory Database Totals are based on data Total: 13,540 / 47 States Reporting reported to EPIC and entered Dates: 01/01/01 to 12/31/01 into the CLSS as of 04/13/05
  • 3. Total of All Meth Clandestine Laboratory Incidents Including Labs, Dumpsites, Chem/Glass/Equipment Calendar Year 2004 954 72 232 167 31 76 470 42 21 292 48 260 1337 10951068 294 105 79 72 228 588 167 DC 1 2782 574 75 DE 3 765 658 806 1421 318 128 120 170 MA 1 270 386 461 122 261 MD 1AK 66 ME 3HI 13 280 NH 2GUAM 1 VT 1Source: National Clandestine Laboratory Database Total: 17,388 / 47 States Reporting Totals are based on data reported to EPIC and entered Dates: 01/01/04 to 12/31/04 into the CLSS as of 11/21/05
  • 4. Pseudoephedrine is the primary precursor found in clandestine methamphetamine labs
  • 5. Small toxic labs(STLs) accountfor the majorityof all labs seized.
  • 6. Super labsproduce > 10 lbper cycle and accountfor the majority ofmethamphetamineproduced.
  • 7. Super Lab Seizures 2002 144 US (130 CA) 2003 137 US (132 CA) 2004 55 US (30 CA) 62% reduction since 2002. 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0Per EPIC August 22, 2005 2002 2003 2004
  • 8. Methamphetamine Trends Methamphetamine Production Shifting to Mexico1. Canadian border seizure events involving ephedrine and pseudoephedrine have dramatically declined.2. Seizures of methamphetamine along the SW border of the U.S. and Mexico have increased from 1,170 kg in 2001 to 2,299 kg in 2004.*3. Purity of SW border seizures have increased from 16.9% (2001) to greater than 70% (2004) *Per EPIC, August 29, 2005
  • 9. Shifting Trends in TraffickingPrimarily domestic sources of precursor for domesticmethamphetamine production 1980 - 1999To Canada as source of pseudoephedrine tablets1999 -2002To Mexico as source for pseudoephedrine andmethamphetamine production2002 - present
  • 10. Shifting TrendsAlthough methamphetamine production hasmoved south of the border and the MexicanOrganizations seem to be increasing productionoutput, there was still over 17,000 domestic labsin 2003 and 2004
  • 11. DEA /GOM Efforts Mexico1. DEA has trained 79 GOM officials (17 COFEPRIS 62 deputized state) to inspect Mexican importers/distributors.2. DEA/DOJ has trained approximately 80 AFI agents and 19 Prosecutors to investigate and prosecute clandestine laboratory and precursor cases.3. GOM has estimated the licit need of PSE between 60 and 130 MTs is in the process of imposing stricter import quotas for PSE.4. DEA brokered cooperative agreement with Mexico, Panama and Hong Kong to require import permit or pre-shipment notification documentation.
  • 12. Shift to Pharmaceutical Preparations USA MEXICO HONG KONG PANAMA Hong Kong to Mexico via the U.S. and Panama March and April 2003 – US & Panamanian Customs seized 4 shipments totaling 19 million PSE tablets destined to fictitious companies in Mexico.
  • 13. Domestic ImportersNotification for all proposed imports or exportsof listed chemicals must be provided to DEA 15days in advance. DEA reviews action and eitherapproves or denies.Under 21 USC 971, DEA can deny an import ifwe can show that a downstream customer isconnected to the diversion of these materials.Letter of No Objection for all bulk and singleentity pharmaceutical preps.
  • 14. Manufacturers, Wholesalers and DistributorsRegistrants since 1996Periodic inspectionsOTSC against registrant/applicant ifinvestigation/inspection has determined that theactivities related to the chemicals are not in thepublic interest
  • 15. DEA Administrative Actions Attacking the Gray Market152 RegistrationsSurrendered for Cause155 OTSC Issued1,403 Out of businessAvg. 400 newapplications per yearRegistrants in decline 3,568 in 2000 3,344 in 2002 2,891 in 2005
  • 16. PSE RetailersNo registration requiredRecords maintained only for sales above 9 Gramthreshold (approximately 367 30mg tabs)Safe harbor provision
  • 17. PSE Producing CountriesIndia, China, Germany, Czech Republic, U.S.Project Prism – UN Sponsored initiative aimed atassisting governments in developing and implementingoperating procedures in the control and monitoring oftrade in precursorsBrokers/exporters of PSE/EPH are locatedthroughout Europe and Asia.1988 Vienna ConventionWorld-wide production figuresProducers meetingU.S. needs assessment

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