NAP: National/Network Access Point, NBP: National Backbone Provider, MAE: Merit Access Exchange
1985, the Department of Telecommunications was separated from Postal Department.Category A: This covers the territorial jurisdiction of the Union of India except specified areas that may be notified to be excluded from time to time.Category B: West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, North East, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh-West, Uttar Pradesh-East, Chennai, Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai. 1. The one time entry fee of Rs. 20 lakhs for Category-A Internet Service Licence & Rs. 10 lakhs for Category-B Internet Service Licence is to be paid before signing of the licence agreement.2. An annual licence fee @6% of Adjusted Gross Revenue (AGR) subject to minimum of Rs.50,000/- (Rupees Fifty Thousand Only) and Rs.10,000/- (Rupees Ten Thousand Only) shall be charged for category A & B service areas respectively per annum per licensed service area. The revenues accrued from pure Internet services will be excluded from the definition of AGR for the purpose of computing licence fee.3. A Financial Bank Guarantee (FBG) of Rs. Ten Lakh for Category �A� Service Area Licence and Rs. One Lakh for Category �B� Service Area Licence, valid for one year, is to be provided before signing of the licence agreement (in prescribed format).Based on AGR, the amount of FBG shall be reviewed annually by the Licensor.4. A Performance Bank Guarantee (PBG) of Rs. Two crore for Category �A� and Rs. Twenty Lakh for each Category �B� service area valid for two years from any scheduled bank in the prescribed form.5. The licensee shall provide service within 24 months from the date of signing of the licence agreement. Commissioning of service will mean providing commercial service to customers.6. The company having ISP licence and a net worth of Rs. One Hunderedcrore or more can only offer IPTV services subject to approval from Licensor. A certificate from Company Secretary or Auditor (certifying the net worth of the company) is to be submitted.7. The applicant must be an Indian company, registered under the Indian Companies Act -1956.8. The applicant company shall submit the application in duplicate in the prescribed Application form enclosed as for each Service Area separately.9. The applicant company can apply for Licence in more than one service area subject to fulfillment of all the conditions of entry. 10. The applicant company shall pay a processing fee along with the application (Two copies) of Rs. 15,000/- in the form of Demand Draft/Pay Order from a Schedule Bank payable at New Delhi issued in the name of Pay and Accounts Officer (HQ), DOT , Sanchar Bhawan, New Delhi and the same shall not be refunded for any reason whatsoever.
You-telecom, etc.</li></li></ul><li>FIX<br /><ul><li>Federal Internet Exchange.
Physical location where servers get connected.
US has 2 FIXes FIX-E(MaryLand) & FIX-W (NASA Ames Research Center, California)</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>VSNL / TATA Communications is Tier 1 Bandwidth provider.
VSNL have principal ownership status in SMW-3, SMW-4, SAFE, TIC (100% owned) and capacity ownership in FLAG and I2I.
world’s largest providers of submarine cable bandwidth.</li></li></ul><li>International connectivity<br />India at Mumbai.<br />455 Mbps direct connectivity to the Global Center in New York, through a 40 Gbps Global optical fiber system.<br />500 Mbps of fiber capacity and 450 Mbps of satellite capacity to the Indian network<br />
VSNL Recently bought 2 big telecommunication companies: Tyco Global Network & Teleglobe Holdings. <br />Network comprising of over 200 ISPs, 400 nodes and over 3000 corporate leased lines and the National Internet Backbone (NIB) of BSNL.<br />fabric is linked to Mumbai-VSB with high speed Internet nodes located at Cochin, New Delhi, Chennai, Calcutta, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Pune which forms 90% of the Internet usage in India.<br />
Internet Exchange Point<br /><ul><li>An Internet exchange point (IX or IXP) is a physical infrastructure through which Internet service providers (ISPs) exchange Internet traffic between their networks.
A typical IXP consists of one or more network switches, to which each of the participating ISPs connect.
The primary purpose of an IXP is to allow networks to interconnect directly, via the exchange, rather than through one or more 3rd party networks.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>The advantages of the direct interconnection are numerous, but the primary reasons are cost, latency, and bandwidth. Traffic passing through an exchange is typically not billed by any party, whereas traffic to an ISP's upstream provider is.
In many cases, an ISP will both have a direct link to another ISP and accept a route (normally ignored) to the other ISP through the IXP; if the direct link fails, traffic will then start flowing over the IXP. In this way, the IXP acts as a backup link.</li></li></ul><li>National Internet Exchange of India <br /><ul><li>NIXI is a non-profit Company established in 2003 to provide neutral Internet Exchange Point services in the country.
It was established with the Internet Service Providers Association of India (ISPAI) to become the operational meeting point of Internet service providers (ISPs) in India.
Its main purpose is to facilitate exchange of domestic Internet traffic between the peering ISP members, rather than using servers in the US or elsewhere. This enables more efficient use of international bandwidth, saving foreign exchange. It also improves the Quality of Services for the customers of member ISPs, by avoiding multiple international hops and thus reducing latency.</li></li></ul><li>NIXI currently has seven operational nodes at the centers in Delhi (Noida), Mumbai (Vashi), Chennai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Ahmedabad.<br />ISP Members in Delhi (Noida)<br />Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd BhartiAirtel Ltd Dishnet Wireless limited <br />ERNET India Hathway Cables & Datacom Ltd. HCL Infinet Ltd. <br />Hughes Communications India Ltd. Karuturi Telecom Pvt. Ltd <br />Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd. National Informatics Centre. <br />Pioneer Elabs Ltd. Primenet Global Limited. <br />Reach Network India Pvt. Ltd. Reliance Communications Infrastructure Ltd.<br />Sify Technologies Limited Software Technology Parks of India. <br />Spectranet Ltd. - a Division of Punj Lloyd Ltd. Tata Communications Limited. <br />Trak Online Net India Pvt. Ltd. Tulip Telecom Ltd <br />
ISP<br /> The ISP connects to its customers using a data transmission technology appropriate for delivering Internet Protocol datagrams<br />ISPs may provide Internet e-mail accounts to users which allow them to communicate with one another by sending and receiving electronic messages through their ISP's servers<br />
ISPs employ a range of technologies to enable consumers to connect to their network. <br />Typical home user connection<br />Dial-up<br />DSL<br />Broadband wireless access<br />Cable Internet<br />
Typical business type connection<br />DSL<br />SHDSL<br />Ethernet technologies<br />
Internet Service Provider In India<br />There are in all 183 operating Internet Service Providers in India.(2004)<br />Some of them are:<br />Sify<br />Reliance<br />Bsnl<br />Airtel<br />