Indian election 2014

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Indian election 2014

  1. 1. India: 562 Princely states
  2. 2. TRIBUTE J L Nehru &M K Gandhi, V B Patel M A K Azad (Harrow/Trinity/Inner Temple), (Middle Temple; iron man), self taught poet… (Inner Temple)
  3. 3. FIRST: SOME NITTY GRITTY STUFF RENUNCIATION TRUTH..PEACEFUL DYNAMISM EARTH/NATURE
  4. 4. SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT 1947 (8/15): A dominion under the British Commonwealth. 1950: (1/26) declared as REPUBLIC Indian Constitution: British and US BLEND ?? •Federal: Legislative Powers Shared bet. Council of the Parliament of the Union-- President, House of the People (Lok Sabha), Council of States (Rajya Sabha) •States: elected legislative assemblies (CM & CABINET). Governor –APPOINTED
  5. 5. SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT Lok Sabha Elections (552 max.) (</=5 yr., 543 (upto 131 SC+ST reserved, upto 20 UnTer), + upto 2 Anglo-Indian appointed if??? ) •Majority/coalition (>=50%) forms gov’t: •Council of Ministers (PM head)--advises the •President, who “exercises” his function accordingly. Real power : Coun. of Mnstr—PM head.
  6. 6. The President shall be elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of— (a) the elected members of both Houses of Parliament (b) the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT Council of States, President Rajya Sabha (238 members + 12) 6 yr. term 1/3 rotated every 2 yrs. •12 Pres. Appoint. (art, lit., science, social services) •238 elected by Assemblies of state and U Terr..
  7. 7. SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT • All legislation approved by LS & RS, except financ… • RS = LS : Const. amendments; quorum 2/3 of membership present, majority vote • RS=S : Impeach the President (2/3 members) • RS=LS : Impeach. Supr Crt J and State Court J, quorum 2/3 membership, majority carries • RS= LS : 2/3 majority declare war, national emerg.; simple majority to declare const. emerg. in a state. • LS can be dissolved, NOT RS
  8. 8. DEMOCRACY with a DIFFERENCE INDIA USA POPULA… ‘13 1.27B [51/ min 316 M Area 3,287,590 km2 9,372,610 km2 Voters 814 million ~130 million No. of Parties 6 National 54 State 1563 unrecog. 2 GDP ‘12 1.86 Tr (10th ) 16.24 Tr (1st )
  9. 9. DEMOCRACY with a DIFFERENCE INDIA USA Demogr. Div… 0-25 (50%) 0-18 (23.5%) Male/female 1000/940 49/51 Below Inter. poverty line (<$1.25/day) (2013) 22% ????? 76% need food subsidy ~ 14.9% LITERACY 12% (1947), 74% (‘11) Largest illit. population 86 % LANGUAGES 22 (OFF), 398 (living) Northern, Southern, …
  10. 10. Religions in India (2001) Hinduism (80.3%); Islam (13.0%); Christianity (2.9%); Sikhism (1.6%); Buddhism (1.5%) Jainism (0.5%); Other (0.6%) DEMOCRACY with a DIFFERENCE • Aboriginal of India (ADIVASI): S. Tribes---I V C • Untouchables—DALITS [SC]
  11. 11. BJP AAP INC INDIAN DEMOCRACY: Complexities
  12. 12. SOME BORING FACTS 28 STATES 6 UN TER 1 NCT- Delhi
  13. 13. SOME BORING FACTS
  14. 14. ELECTION PROCESS • A polling booth for <1500 voters, voter travel < 2km • Electronic voting backed by paper… • ECI & UNDP…50 foreign delegate, 20 countries, observing the election process 3.26 M used in the election
  15. 15. LS ELECTIONS
  16. 16. THE ELECTION PROCESS: FRAUD CONTROL
  17. 17. LS ELECTIONS
  18. 18. THE DRAMA: THE ELECTION PROCESS
  19. 19. DRAMA: PARTIES CONTESTING
  20. 20. PRE-ELECTION DRAMA: PERSONALITIES
  21. 21. Trinity College, Cambridge (1994–1995), Rollins College (1991–1994), Harvard University (1990–1991), St. Stephen's College, Delhi (1989–1990), The Doon School (1981–1983)
  22. 22. ARVIND KEJRIWAL (45) • IIT Kharagpur, TATA steel, Civ. Serv. Exam. • Ind RS as a Jt. Commis. in Income Tax Dept. • Disgusted with corruption • Promoted enactment of Right T I act (reply in 30 days) • A CRUSADER AGAINST CORRUPTION • 2006 Ramon Magsaysay Award, (biography) FOR GRASS ROOT MOVEMENT ACTIVITY • and drafting of Citizen's Ombudsman Bill (anti corruption measure, protection of whistle- blowers…) for Delhi…
  23. 23. ARVIND KEJRIWAL (45) • 2012 launched AAP, 2013 CM of Delhi, • Citizen's Ombudsman Bill (anti corruption measure, protection of whistle-blowers…) for Delhi…49 days… • Over reach in 2014 election • FIELDED 432 candidates, won 4 seats • LOST TO MODI IN VARANASI • Future?
  24. 24. NARENDRA MODI (63)
  25. 25. NARENDRA MODI (63)
  26. 26. THE DRAMA: ISSUES
  27. 27. THE DRAMA: DID PEOPLE CARE?
  28. 28. ELECTION RESULTS NDA(BJP) UPA(INC) (AIADMK) REST 336(282) 58(44) (37) 104 PRIME MINISTER
  29. 29. HEADLINES May 16th , NYT Old Order in India Swept Aside by Hindu Party Landslide With Narendra Modi, a Change in India
  30. 30. NARENDRA MODI (63)
  31. 31. THE MUSLIM FEAR “Fear is a basic part of politics, and it’s actually how politicians gain respect, but for us fear also comes from the general public,” -- Zahir Alam, imam of Bari Masjid, Delhi
  32. 32. WHAT DID IT MEAN?
  33. 33. QUO VADIS: FEARS (RUSHDIE)
  34. 34. QUO VADIS: FEARS (RUSHDIE)
  35. 35. QUO VADIS: ADVICE
  36. 36. SPECULATIONS: IS MR. MODI
  37. 37. SPECULATIONS: IS MR. MODI
  38. 38. SPECULATIONS: IS MR. MODI
  39. 39. SPECULATIONS: IS MR. MODI
  40. 40. SPECULATIONS: IS MR. MODI
  41. 41. SPECULATIONS: IS MR. MODI
  42. 42. SPECULATIONS: IS MR. MODI
  43. 43. 1950 • The new Constitution of India, which came into force on 26 January 1950, made India a sovereign democratic republ • Part A states, which were the former governors' provinces of British India, were ruled by an elected governor and state legislature. The nine Part A states were Assam, Bihar, Bombay, Madhya Pradesh (formerly Central Provinces and Berar), Madras, Orissa (subsequently renamed Odisha in 2011), Punjab (formerly East Punjab), Uttar Pradesh (formerly the United Provinces), and West Bengal. • The eight Part B states were former princely states or groups of princely states, governed by a rajpramukh, who was usually the ruler of a constituent state, and an elected legislature. The rajpramukh wa President of India. The Part B states were Hyderabad, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Bharat, Mysore, Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU), Rajasthan, Saurashtra, and Travancore-Cochin. • The ten Part C states included both the former chief commissioners' provinces and some princely states, and each was governed by a chief commissioner appointed by the President of India. The Part C states were Ajmer, Bhopal, Bilaspur, Coorg, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Kutch, Manipur, Tripura, and Vindhya Pradesh. • The sole Part D state was the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, which were administered by a lieutenant governor appointed by the central
  44. 44. 1956 • Andhra Pradesh: Andhra State was merged with the Telugu-speaking area of Hyderabad state(also known as Telangana) to create Andhra Pradesh in 1956. • Assam: No change of boundary in 1956. • Bihar: reduced slightly by the transfer of minor territories to West Bengal. • Bombay State: the state was enlarged by the addition of Saurashtra and Kutch, the Marathi-speaking districts of Nagpur Division of Madhya Pradesh, and the Marathi speaking Marathwada region of Hyderabad. The state's southernmost districts of Bombay were transferred to Mysore State. (In 1960, Bombay State was split into Maharashtra and Gujarat.) • Jammu and Kashmir: No change of boundary in 1956. • Kerala: formed by the merger of Travancore-Cochin state with the Malabar district of Madras State, Kasaragod of South Canara ( Dakshina Kannada). The southern part of Travancore-Cochin, Kanyakumari district was transferred to Madras State. • Madhya Pradesh: Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh, and Bhopal State were merged into Madhya Pradesh; the Marathi-speaking districts of Nagpur Division were transferred to Bombay State. • Madras State: Malabar District was transferred to the new state of Kerala, and a new union territory, Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands, was created. The southern part of Travancore-Cochin ( Kanyakumari district) was added to the state. (The state was renamed Tamil Nadu in 1968.) • Mysore State: enlarged by the addition of Coorg State and the Kannada speaking districts from southern Bombay state and western Hyderabad state. (The state was renamed Karnataka in 1973.) • Orissa: No change of boundary in 1956. • Punjab: enlarged by addition of the Patiala and East Punjab States Union. • Rajasthan: enlarged by the addition of Ajmer state and parts of Bombay and Madhya Bharat states. • Uttar Pradesh: No change of boundary in 1956. • West Bengal: enlarged by addition of minor territory previously forming part of Bihar. • Union territories[edit] • Himachal Pradesh • Andaman and Nicobar Islands • Delhi • Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands: created from territory detached from Madras State. (The union territory was renamed as Lakshadweep in 1973.) • Manipur • Tripura
  45. 45. Michael Wood: SoI, The Biginnings c. 70,000–50,000 BCE: First humans migrate to India c. 3300-1600 BCE: Harappa arises in the Indus Valley Civilization c. 2000–1500 BCE: Migrations of Indo-European Speakers into India c. 1800 BCE: Climate change began to affect Indus Valley Civilizations c. 1500–500 BCE: Vedic Period (Bronze Age - Iron Age in north India) c. 1500–1000 BCE: Earliest hymns of Rig-Veda composed c. 1000–300 BCE: Iron Age culture in South India c. 599–527 BCE: Mahavira c. 563–486 BCE: Prince Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)
  46. 46. MARKERS OF HISTORY AJANTA, 2nd /3rd BCE
  47. 47. MARKERS OF HISTORY

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