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Developing an ASP.NET Web Application
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Developing an ASP.NET Web Application

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Overview of .NET
Overview of ASP.NET
Creating an ASP.NET Web Form
Adding Event Procedures
Validating User Input

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Developing an ASP.NET Web Application Developing an ASP.NET Web Application Presentation Transcript

  • Developing an ASP.NET Web Application
    • Rishi Kothari
  • Agenda
    • Overview of .NET
    • Overview of ASP.NET
    • Creating an ASP.NET Web Form
    • Adding Event Procedures
    • Validating User Input
  • Overview of .NET View slide
  • What is the .NET Framework? Developer Tools Clients User Experiences ASP.NET Web Applications XML Web Services Databases .NET Framework View slide
  • Benefits of .NET
    • Based on Web standards and practices
    • Functionality of .NET classes is universally available
    • Code is organized into hierarchical namespaces and classes
    • Language independent
    • Solves existing problems:
      • Even with the Internet, most applications and devices have trouble communicating with each other
      • Programmers end up writing infrastructure instead of applications
      • Programmers have had to limit their scope or continually learn new languages
  • The .NET Framework Components Win32 Common Language Runtime .NET Framework Class Library ADO.NET and XML XML Web Services User Interface Visual Basic C++ C# ASP.NET Perl Python … Message Queuing COM+ (Transactions, Partitions, Object Pooling) IIS WMI
  • The Common Language Runtime
    • One runtime for all . NET-Based Languages
    • Manages threads and memory
      • Garbage collection
    • Enforces code security
    • Eliminates DLL versioning problems
      • Multiple versions of a DLL can run simultaneously
      • Applications can specify a version of a DLL to use
  • Using the Class Library
    • The class library is a set of classes (properties and methods) that all .NET applications can use
    • You use objects by referencing the .NET namespaces
    • Using a namespace in C#:
    • Implicit object declaration
    • Explicit object declaration
    using namespace_name ; using System.Web.UI.WebControls; ListBox ListBox1; ListBox1.Items.Add("First Item"); System.Web.UI.WebControls.ListBox ListBox1; ListBox1.Items.Add("First Item");
  • Multiple Language Support
    • The .NET Framework is designed to support many languages
      • More than 20 languages currently supported
      • Microsoft provides Visual Basic .NET, C#, Visual J# .NET, and JScript .NET
    • Benefits of multiple-language support
      • Code modules are reusable
      • Class Library access is the same for all languages
      • The right language is used for the right task
      • Performance is roughly equal between all languages
  • Choosing a Language
    • .NET Framework class library is the same regardless of language
    • Performance
      • All languages are compiled to MSIL
      • Only performance difference is how each language compiler compiles to MSIL
      • The runtime compiles all MSIL the same, regardless of its origin
    • Development experience
      • C# is similar to Java, C, Visual C++, and Pascal
      • Visual Basic .NET is similar to Visual Basic
    • Browser compatibility
      • ASP.NET code is server-side code, so browser compatibility is not an issue
  • Overview of ASP.NET
  • ASP Web Application Architecture Presentation Tier Business Logic Tier Data Tier UI Pages (.htm) Graphic Files COM Objects Data Source ADO COM+ Services ASP Page (.asp)
  • ASP.NET Web Application Architecture Presentation Tier Business Logic Tier Data Tier Graphic Files UI Pages (.htm) XML Web Services (.asmx) User Controls (.ascx) Code-Behind File (.aspx.vb or .aspx.cs) Proxy ADO.NET .NET Objects Data Source COM+ Services COM Objects RCW Web Form (.aspx)
  • ASP.NET Coding Changes
    • Page directives
      • Language attribute must be in set the @Page directive
    • Structural changes
      • All functions and variables must be declared within a <script> block
      • Only one language per page
      • Render Functions are no longer supported; use Response.Write
    • Design-Time controls are no longer supported
      • Replaced with Web controls
  • ASP.NET Runtime Compilation and Execution Native code C# Visual Basic .NET default.aspx Common Language Runtime HTML Which language? Visual Basic .NET compiler C# compiler MSIL JIT compiler
  • Multimedia: ASP.NET Execution Model
  • Creating an ASP.NET Web Form
  • Demonstration: Developing an ASP.NET Web Application
    • Create a Web application
    • Add controls to a Web Form
    • View the HTML generated
    • Add an event procedure
  • What Is a Web Form?
    • . aspx extension
    • Page attributes
      • @ Page directive
      • Controls save state
    • Body attributes
    • Form attributes
    <%@ Page Language=&quot;C#&quot; Inherits=Project.WebForm1 %> <html> <body ms_positioning=&quot;GridLayout&quot;> <form id=&quot;Form1&quot; method=&quot;post&quot; runat=&quot;server&quot; > </form> </body> </html>
  • What is a Server Control?
    • Runat=&quot;server&quot;
      • Event procedures run on the server
      • View state saved
    • Properties and methods are available in server-side event procedures
    <asp:Button id=&quot;Button1&quot; runat=&quot;server&quot; Text=&quot;Submit&quot;/> private void btn_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e) { lblName.Text = txtName.Text; }
  • Types of Server Controls
    • HTML server controls
      • Based on HTML elements
      • Exist within the System.Web.UI.HtmlControls namespace
    • Web server controls
      • Exist within the System.Web.UI.WebControls namespace
      • HTML that is generated by the control
    <input name=&quot;TextBox1&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; value=&quot;Text_to_Display&quot; Id=&quot;TextBox1&quot;/> <asp:TextBox id=&quot;TextBox1&quot; runat=&quot;server&quot;>Text_to_Display </asp:TextBox> <input type=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;txtName&quot; runat=&quot;server&quot; />
  • Maintaining the State of ASP.NET Server Controls
    • Server control state is stored in __VIEWSTATE, a hidden control on the Web Form
    • __VIEWSTATE stores state in a string value of name-value pairs
    <form id=&quot;Form1&quot; method=&quot;post&quot; runat=&quot;server&quot;> <input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;__VIEWSTATE&quot; value=&quot;dDw3NzE0MTExODQ7Oz4=&quot; /> 'HTML here </form>
    • On by default, adjustable at Web Form and control level
    <%@ Page EnableViewState=&quot;False&quot; %> <asp:ListBox id=&quot;ListName&quot; EnableViewState=&quot;true&quot; runat=&quot;server&quot;> </asp:ListBox>
  • Demonstration: Using Server Controls to a Web Form
    • Using HTML server controls
    • Displaying browser-specific HTML
  • Selecting the Appropriate Control You need specific functionality such as a calendar or ad rotator The control will interact with client and server script You are writing a page that might be used by a variety of browsers You are working with existing HTML pages and want to quickly add ASP.NET Web page functionality You prefer a Visual Basic-like programming model You prefer an HTML-like object model Use Web Server Controls if: Use HTML Server Controls if: Bandwidth is not a problem Bandwidth is limited
  • Adding Event Procedures
  • How to Implement Code
    • Three methods for adding code:
      • Put code in the same file as content (mixed)
      • Put code in a separate <SCRIPT> section of the content file (inline code)
      • Put code in a separate file (code-behind pages)
    • Code-behind pages are the Visual Studio .NET default
    Form1.aspx Form1.aspx Form1.aspx.vb or Form1.aspx.cs <tags> <tags> code code Separate files Single file Code-Behind Page
  • Understanding How Code-Behind Pages Work
    • Create separate files for user interface and interface logic
    • Use @ Page directive to link the two files
    Page1.aspx <% @ Page Language=&quot;C#&quot; Inherits=&quot;Project.WebForm1&quot; Codebehind=&quot;Page1.aspx.cs&quot; Src = &quot;Page1.aspx.cs&quot; %> Page1.aspx.cs namespace Project { public class WebForm1 : System.Web.UI.Page { } }
  • What are Event Procedures?
    • Action in response to a user’s interaction with the controls on the page
  • Demonstration: Using Events
    • Open an ASP.NET page with controls and client-side and server-side event procedures
    • Click on the controls to view client-side and server-side events running
    • In the browser, view the source of the page
    • In the editor, view the event procedure code
  • Client-Side Event Procedures Internet .HTM Pages
    • Typically used only with HTML controls
    • Interpreted by the browser and run on the client
    • Do not have access to server resources
    • Use <SCRIPT language=&quot; language &quot;>
  • Server-Side Event Procedures
    • Used with both Web and HTML server controls
    • Code is compiled and run on the server
    • Have access to server resources
    • Use <SCRIPT language =&quot;language&quot; runat=&quot;server&quot;>
    Internet .ASPX Pages
  • Creating Event Procedures
    • Visual Studio .NET declares variables and creates an event procedure template in the code-behind page
    protected System.Web.UI.WebControls.Button btn ; private void InitializeComponent() { this. btn.Click += new System.EventHandler(this. btn_Click ); } private void btn_Click (object sender, System.EventArgs e) { }
    • Events in the Web page generation process
    • ASP.NET server control events are handled when the Web page is posted back to the server
    • Use the Page.IsPostback property to determine if the Web page is being generated for the first time
    Events in the Web Page Generation Process private void Page_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e) { if (!Page.IsPostBack) { // executes only on initial page load } //this code executes on every request } Page_Unload Page_Init Page_Load Server control events
  • Multimedia
  • Demonstration: Handling Postback Events
  • Validating User Input
  • What Is Input Validation?
    • Verifies that a control value is correctly entered by the user
    • Blocks the processing of a page until all controls are valid
    • Avoids spoofing or the addition of malicious code
  • Client-Side and Server-Side Validation
    • ASP.NET can create both client-side and server-side validation
    • Client-side validation
      • Dependent on browser version
      • Instant feedback
      • Reduces postback cycles
    • Server-side validation
      • Repeats all client-side validation
      • Can validate against stored data
    Valid? Valid? User Enters Data No No Yes Yes Error Message Client Server Web Form Processed
  • ASP.NET Validation Controls Compare to a custom formula CustomValidator Summarize the state of the validation controls on a page ValidationSummary Compare to a regular expression pattern RegularExpressionValidator Compare to a range RangeValidator Compare to another control, a value, or a data type CompareValidator Require user input RequiredFieldValidator Purpose Control Name
  • Adding Validation Controls to a Web Form
    • Add a validation control
    • Select the input control to validate
    • Set validation properties
    1 2 3 <asp:TextBox id=&quot;txtName&quot; runat=&quot;server&quot; /> <asp: Type_of_Validator id=&quot; Validator_id &quot; runat=&quot;server&quot; ControlToValidate=&quot; txtName &quot; ErrorMessage=&quot; Message_for_error_summary &quot; Display=&quot; static|dynamic|none &quot; Text=&quot; Text_to_display_by_input_control &quot;> </asp: Type_of_Validator>
  • Combining Validation Controls
    • Can have multiple validation controls on a single input control
    • Only the RequiredFieldValidator checks empty controls
  • Demonstration: Using Validation Controls
    • Create an ASP.NET Web Form with TextBox and Button controls
    • Add a RequiredFieldValidator control
    • Add a RangeValidator control
    • Add a RegularExpressionValidator control
    • Add a ValidationSummary control
  • Thanks!