Contents: What are rivers River Yamuna River Thames Yamuna VS Thames My final conclusion Facts Bibliography Think about it questions
River Yamuna and Thames include:A little introduction about the rivers• The forces of urbanism/ how are we impacting the rivers?• Specifying the importance of rivers in religious terms• How did settlement around the river evolve?• The dependence of the population on the rivers• Can we protect our river today?• Daily commuters-cargo, cruises, ships, boats etc.• Comparison and similarities between two cities and the riverin them Problems• future challenges
What are rivers?Rivers are important sources of water forhouseholds, industry and agriculture. Ariver begins at a source and ends ata mouth, following a path called a course.This coarse is divided into 3 main parts:• Upper course• Middle course• Lower course
River YamunaRiver ThamesRivers wewill talk about:
• River Yamuna also known as River Jumna• River Yamuna is named after Yami, the sister ofYama, the god of death.• It is the major river of the north India, especiallyin Uttrakhand and Uttar Pradesh.•The popular belief is that, those who take a dip inits holy waters are not captured by the fears ofdeath.
• About 60 million people depend on Yamuna waters.• Available water treatment facilities are not capable of removing thepesticide traces.• Waterworks laboratories cannot even detect them.• Worse, Yamuna leaves Delhi as a sewer, with the city’s biological andchemical wastes.• All most, 97% of natural fresh water is taken away after a fewkilometers of Yamuna’s birth.Officially DeadIndian government’s own websites claim that there is not a drop ofnatural river water after it flows through Delhi. this happen due tothe Hathnikund dam which is built in Haryana. (WATER QUALITYSTATUS OF YAMUNA RIVER (1999 – 2005)
What is Yamuna in India now?At first, rivers were treated like very special holyplaces, but now people throw garbage and pollute theriver through all the chemical waste that comes fromthe factories. Moreover people perform religious ritualsand pollute the river by disposing flowers, idols of godsand goddesses, dead bodies etc. “few come to theYamuna River in Delhi now to bathe in the black, foul-smelling and stagnant water, or to stand on river bankslittered with mountains of garbage.”, this is what I gotfrom one of the sites I was searching on, and it was nota pleasant sight. Is this really what we want to be saidby the people of our country? Think about it……
Name: ThamesLocation: England, U.KLength: 346 km (215 miles)Width: 826.8 f (252 meters)Source: Thames head, GloucestershireMouth: Thames Estuary, North sea
ThamesThere are manydifferent industriesalong the Thames.industries along theThames.Two-thirds of thewater used in Britaincomes from riversand lakes, and athird fromgroundwater.Perhapssurprisingly, water forcooling in electricitygenerating stations isthe biggestuse, followed byfishing, farming andindustrial uses.The second largest useof river water is forthe public water supply.Motorboats arecommon on theThames. Portsand shipyards areconstructed bythe sea.Fishing is Britainsmost popular sport.Also, River Thames ishome to over 120fish species.
River Thames is the cleanest river in the world that flows through a majorcity. Although, it is amazing that fifty years ago the river was so pollutedthat it was declared biologically dead. Thus, from 1830 to 1860 tens ofthousands of people died of cholera as a result of the pollution in theThames.Sewage was being discharged directly into the Thames. Despite the foulsmell, people continued to wash and bathe and drink from the river. A fewyears later the curtains in the Houses of Parliament had to be soaked inlime to stop the odors (bad smells) from preventing government fromcarrying on. Also, in 1878 the pleasure steamship Princess Alice sunk in ariver collision. Most of the 600 or so passengers who died did not die fromdrowning, they died because of the pollution in the river.Biologically dead!
So if we talk about the daily commuters in Thames then Iwould say that it is worth a try going to a cruise inThames. Well, except cruises there are a lot of otherdaily commuter like:1. Ships2. Boats3. Cruises4. CargoYamuna is not used a lot for transportation or cargo, etc.However, sometimespeople do go boating in the river.
It was then decided that Treatment plants should be built to clean thewater from the Thames before it was pumped to homes. The treatmentplants also cleaned the dirty water from homes before it went back intothe Thames. Not only did the peoples health improve but also the water inthe Thames became cleaner.During the Second World War (1939 - 45) many treatment plants weredamaged by German bombs. A lot of dirty water went into the Thames andkilled the plants and fishes living in it. New treatments plants were built inthe 1950s. In the 1960s new laws were made to stop factories from lettingtheir dirty water go into the river.
According to me, the conclusion I will have to make is thatwhen river Thames was dirty the people decided to clean itand put treatment plants because they knew the problem andthe solution and they did take action. Whereas, for Yamuna weknow the problem and the solution pretty well, we also havethe power to do it. So, just one question: If they can do itwhy can’t we? Even though we can do it easily?River Thames River YamunaVS
If we want to save the rivers should weprotest, make a campaign or do it ourselveswith the help of others?
Do we all pollute the earth in some or theother way? I yes, then can we overcome that?How?