Who are they……
• A person who travels for selling goods,
typically, advertising them by shouting pushed
their little handcarts, crying ‘Bread!’, ‘Fish!’
and ‘Meat pies!’
Content in the Slide
• Types of Hawkes
• Global Aspects
• Legal aspects
Types of hawkers
• Non-mobile or street hawkers
-Stationed at particular places for longer durations
-Generally deal in perishable goods
• Mobile small-scale street hawkers
-Generally younger men and women
-They move from place to place to sell their products
-They deal in both semi and non-perishable products
-Sell to other hawkers or small shops and consumers
• Mobile wholesaler hawker
-These are small scale wholesalers
-They sell their products to a selected few small scale enterprises
-They deal in supplying raw materials
• Mobile grower or retail hawker
-These hawkers sell their own produce
-They supply their products for both primary and secondary
Global Aspects ASIA
In INDIA, according to the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation,
there are 10 million street vendors in India. They sell everything from Kashmiri
scarves to USB storage devices to eatables. They also sell artwork of ivory and
In CHINA Hawkers' inventories often include fish ball, beef ball, butzaigo, roasted
chestnuts, and stinky tofu. in Hong Kong, the lease versus Licensed hawker
restrictions have put a burden on this mobile food culture. The term Jau Gwei has
been used to describe vendors often running away from local police.
Women comprise over two thirds of street vendors in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City,
Vietnam. In Ahmedabad, India, women account for about 10 per cent of street
In SPAIN Street vendor has ability to create ashtrays and
earring holders with the bottoms and edges of soda cans in a
matter of minutes. Cans and bottles are a source of inspiration
for them. They majorly use local garbage cans.
In UK and france Costermonger, Coster or Costard is a street
seller of fruit (such as apples) and vegetables. They were
ubiquitous in mid-Victorian England, and some are still found
in markets. As usual with street-sellers, they would use a loud
sing-song cry or chant to attract attention. Their cart might be
stationary at a market stall, or mobile . The term is derived
from the words costard and monger i.e., seller.
There is no limit to what can be sold in the streets of Morocco.
Items included belts, scarves, toiletries, wood artwork, paintings,
clothing, books and so much more.
The city streets of Cape Town did have enclosed flee markets such
as the Green Point market located in Cape Town’s southern end.
The majority of the items were canvas paintings, clothing, bags
and wood artwork.
Hawkers are commonly known as street vendors, who sell
snack items such as deep-fried bananas, cotton candy, fried
noodles, beverages like bubble tea, and ice cream, along with
non-edible items, such as jewelry, clothes, books, and
paintings. Hawkers are also found selling various items to fans
at a sports venue; more commonly, this person is simply
referred to as a stadium vendor In New York and other major
cities, Hawkers distribute free Newspapers such as AM New
York, and Metro.
Hawkers are commonly referred to as Higglers or informal
commercial importers. They sell items in small roadside
stands, public transit hubs, or other places where consumers
would want items such as snacks, cigarettes, phone cards, or
other less expensive items.
• IN INDIA
• Street Vendors (Protection of Livelihood and
Regulation of Street Vending) Bill, 2012 is a proposed
Indian legislation aimed to regulate street vendors in
public areas and protect their rights. It was introduced
in the Lok Sabha (Lower House of the Parliament of
India) on September 6, 2012 by then Union Minister of
Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation.
• According to the Ministry of Housing and Urban
Poverty Alleviation, there are 10 million street vendors
National Association of Street Vendors
of India (NASVI)
• NASVI has more than 540 member organizations involving over 3.5 lakh
individuals. It is a coalition of trade unions, community based
organizations (CBOs),non-government organizations (NGOs) and
professionals. NASVI has been successful in bringing issues concerning
street vendors to the forefront and has been working closely with state
and municipal bodies to push for the proper implementation of the
national policies on street vendors.
NASVI intervention is aimed at:
• Ensuring livelihood and social security of street vendors through policy
interventions and changes in political- legal environment
• Building capacity of street vendor organizations
• Evidence gathering and dissemination of evidences and issues concerning