Hawkers, peddlers and sellers.


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Hawkers, peddlers and sellers.

  1. 1. Hawkers & Peddler's
  2. 2. Who are they…… • A person who travels for selling goods, typically, advertising them by shouting pushed their little handcarts, crying ‘Bread!’, ‘Fish!’ and ‘Meat pies!’
  3. 3. Content in the Slide • Types of Hawkes • Global Aspects • Legal aspects
  4. 4. Types of hawkers • Non-mobile or street hawkers -Generally women -Stationed at particular places for longer durations -Generally deal in perishable goods • Mobile small-scale street hawkers -Generally younger men and women -They move from place to place to sell their products -They deal in both semi and non-perishable products -Sell to other hawkers or small shops and consumers
  5. 5. • Mobile wholesaler hawker -These are small scale wholesalers -They sell their products to a selected few small scale enterprises -They deal in supplying raw materials • Mobile grower or retail hawker -These hawkers sell their own produce -They supply their products for both primary and secondary consumption.
  6. 6. Global Aspects ASIA  In INDIA, according to the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, there are 10 million street vendors in India. They sell everything from Kashmiri scarves to USB storage devices to eatables. They also sell artwork of ivory and wood.  In CHINA Hawkers' inventories often include fish ball, beef ball, butzaigo, roasted chestnuts, and stinky tofu. in Hong Kong, the lease versus Licensed hawker restrictions have put a burden on this mobile food culture. The term Jau Gwei has been used to describe vendors often running away from local police.  Women comprise over two thirds of street vendors in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. In Ahmedabad, India, women account for about 10 per cent of street vendors.
  7. 7. EUROPE  In SPAIN Street vendor has ability to create ashtrays and earring holders with the bottoms and edges of soda cans in a matter of minutes. Cans and bottles are a source of inspiration for them. They majorly use local garbage cans. In UK and france Costermonger, Coster or Costard is a street seller of fruit (such as apples) and vegetables. They were ubiquitous in mid-Victorian England, and some are still found in markets. As usual with street-sellers, they would use a loud sing-song cry or chant to attract attention. Their cart might be stationary at a market stall, or mobile . The term is derived from the words costard and monger i.e., seller.
  8. 8. AFRICA  There is no limit to what can be sold in the streets of Morocco. Items included belts, scarves, toiletries, wood artwork, paintings, clothing, books and so much more.  The city streets of Cape Town did have enclosed flee markets such as the Green Point market located in Cape Town’s southern end. The majority of the items were canvas paintings, clothing, bags and wood artwork.
  9. 9. NORTH AMERICA Hawkers are commonly known as street vendors, who sell snack items such as deep-fried bananas, cotton candy, fried noodles, beverages like bubble tea, and ice cream, along with non-edible items, such as jewelry, clothes, books, and paintings. Hawkers are also found selling various items to fans at a sports venue; more commonly, this person is simply referred to as a stadium vendor In New York and other major cities, Hawkers distribute free Newspapers such as AM New York, and Metro. Hawkers are commonly referred to as Higglers or informal commercial importers. They sell items in small roadside stands, public transit hubs, or other places where consumers would want items such as snacks, cigarettes, phone cards, or other less expensive items.
  10. 10. Legal Aspect • IN INDIA • Street Vendors (Protection of Livelihood and Regulation of Street Vending) Bill, 2012 is a proposed Indian legislation aimed to regulate street vendors in public areas and protect their rights. It was introduced in the Lok Sabha (Lower House of the Parliament of India) on September 6, 2012 by then Union Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation. • According to the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, there are 10 million street vendors in India,
  11. 11. National Association of Street Vendors of India (NASVI) • NASVI has more than 540 member organizations involving over 3.5 lakh individuals. It is a coalition of trade unions, community based organizations (CBOs),non-government organizations (NGOs) and professionals. NASVI has been successful in bringing issues concerning street vendors to the forefront and has been working closely with state and municipal bodies to push for the proper implementation of the national policies on street vendors. NASVI intervention is aimed at: • Ensuring livelihood and social security of street vendors through policy interventions and changes in political- legal environment • Building capacity of street vendor organizations • Evidence gathering and dissemination of evidences and issues concerning street vendors.