Wind Energy Siting Guidelines


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Wind Energy Siting Guidelines presented by RI Statewide Planning at the kick-off meeting of the Renewable Energy Siting Partnership (RESP) on September 15, 2011.

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Wind Energy Siting Guidelines

  1. 1. Wind Energy Siting Guidelines RESP Stakeholder Meeting September 15, 2011 Statewide Planning www.Planning.RI.Gov
  2. 2. Pre-Wind Siting Guidelines -->RI Energy Plan: SGP Element 781 (Current Plan) <ul><li>Currently being Updated </li></ul><ul><li>Last updated on 8/8/02 </li></ul><ul><li>Little mention of Renewables in ’02 Plan </li></ul><ul><li>More of a policy document than an action plan </li></ul><ul><li>Follow the Land Use 2025 format </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where are we now?/Where are we headed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where do we want to be? How do we get there? (Why should he care?) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Increased inclusion of Renewable Energy in ‘11 </li></ul><ul><li>More detailed Action/Implementation Plan </li></ul>
  3. 3. Wind Energy Siting Guidelines vs. RI Energy Plan: SGP Element 781 <ul><li>Wind Energy Siting Guidelines will be an Appendix to the RI Energy Plan: SGP Element 781 </li></ul><ul><li>Other Renewable Energy Types to follow in subsequent SGP amendments </li></ul>
  4. 4. Wind Energy Facility Siting Guidelines <ul><li>Statewide Planning, September 2011 </li></ul>Photo: ProJo, 2011
  5. 5. What gives the Division of Planning the authority to develop Guidelines? <ul><li>Comprehensive Energy Conservation, Efficiency and Affordability Act of 2006: </li></ul>“ To adopt… and to amend and maintain as an element of the state guide plan or as an amendment to an existing element of the state guide plan, standards and guidelines for the location of eligible renewable energy resources and renewable energy facilities in Rhode Island with due consideration for the location of such resources and facilities in commercial and industrial areas, agricultural areas, areas occupied by public and private institutions, and property of the state and its agencies and corporations, provided such areas are of sufficient size, and in other areas of the state as appropriate”. (RIGL 42-11-10-f.7)
  6. 6. What is the purpose of drafting wind energy facility siting guidelines and standards? <ul><li>The creation of a ‘cornerstone’ document that will contain a listing of environmental, safety, zoning and related issues to assist in: </li></ul>1.) Identifying Potential Issues in Siting Facilities 2.) Drafting Municipal Ordinances
  7. 7. Will the Standards & Guidelines be a regulatory mandate? <ul><li>NO </li></ul><ul><li>The document will be advisory, and contain: </li></ul><ul><li>A listing of impacts that should be considered </li></ul><ul><li>Recommended guidelines for these impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Performance standards, when appropriate </li></ul>
  8. 8. What is the scope of the standards? <ul><li>RIGL 42-98-3 </li></ul><ul><li>1 kW to 40 MW </li></ul><ul><li>All of Rhode Island </li></ul><ul><li>Sizes discussed later </li></ul>
  9. 9. Which Energy types? <ul><li>Wind (Now) </li></ul><ul><li>Other Energy Types to be Addressed Later: </li></ul><ul><li>Solar </li></ul><ul><li>Hydro </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel Cells </li></ul><ul><li>Tidal </li></ul><ul><li>Biomass </li></ul><ul><li>RIGL 39-26-5 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Guideline Development Principles: <ul><li>Scale of Facility </li></ul><ul><li>Location, Location, Location </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Literature and Studies </li></ul>
  11. 11. Issues considered: <ul><li>Current regulatory regime surrounding a specific technology </li></ul><ul><li>Impacts of the facility </li></ul><ul><li>Permissibility of the facility </li></ul><ul><li>in certain zones </li></ul>DOD Radar System
  12. 12. WIND ENERGY FACILITY, Guidelines Overview
  13. 13. Why Wind Energy First? <ul><li>#1 Siting Priority </li></ul><ul><li>Wind Projects in </li></ul><ul><li>13+ communities (100kw+ On </li></ul><ul><li>the ground in Portsmouth, </li></ul><ul><li>Warwick and Middletown, at </li></ul><ul><li>least 10 others with plans) </li></ul><ul><li>400ft + </li></ul><ul><li>Noise / Property value </li></ul>Portsmouth, Abbey
  14. 14. Size Matters in Siting Portsmouth H.S. Stamp Farm (N.K.) NEIT Textron Tower
  15. 15. Wind Guidelines – Development <ul><li>Scientific Working/Advisory Group </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: Come to consensus on literature, possible impacts </li></ul><ul><li>CRMC, DEM, RIEDC, DoP, OER, RI Municipalities, ASA, RI Audubon Society, URI, Developers, etc. </li></ul>Participant Municipalities: Jamestown, Middletown, North Kingston, WCRPC, EBEC
  16. 16. Impacts Investigated (1) <ul><li>Collapse and Failure </li></ul><ul><li>Icing – Throw and Fall </li></ul><ul><li>General Safety Practices </li></ul>STRUCTURAL FAILURE AND PUBLIC SAFETY
  17. 17. Impacts Investigated (2) <ul><li>Icing – Throw and Fall </li></ul><ul><li>General Safety Practices </li></ul>ICING AND PUBLIC SAFETY
  18. 18. Impacts Investigated (3) <ul><li>Basic tower/ facility Design Considerations </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigating impact on scenic vistas </li></ul><ul><li>Others TBD </li></ul>AESTHETICS - VISUAL
  19. 19. Impacts Investigated (4) <ul><li>Control Nuisance and Property Devaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Annoyance </li></ul>SHADOW FLICKER
  20. 20. Impacts Investigated (5) <ul><li>Noise Propagation </li></ul><ul><li>Noise Study </li></ul><ul><li>Setbacks </li></ul>NOISE
  21. 21. Impacts Investigated (6) <ul><li>Rare w/SWES </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid “Line of Sight” </li></ul><ul><li>Setbacks </li></ul>SIGNAL INTERFERENCE
  22. 22. Impacts to be Investigated (7) <ul><li>Birds & Bats </li></ul><ul><li>Fragmented Habitats </li></ul><ul><li>Endangered Species </li></ul><ul><li>and Wetlands </li></ul>Environmental
  23. 23. Impacts to be Investigated (8) <ul><li>Noise </li></ul><ul><li>Shadow Flicker </li></ul>PROPERTY VALUES
  24. 24. Impacts to be Investigated (5) <ul><li>RIAC </li></ul><ul><li>Case by case evaluation </li></ul>F.A.A. & RADAR
  25. 25. Wind Energy Guidelines - Timeline <ul><li>Scientific Working Group Completion – Sept/Oct. </li></ul><ul><li>Final Document – November </li></ul>
  26. 26. Questions/Comments/Suggestions? Paul Gonsalves 401-222-1756 [email_address]