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Frameworks forthe Processes & Outcomes of MSPSimplification in a Context of Complexity                                    ...
Why? For Whom?                     Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) is A complex, lengthyprocess combining                   ...
Two Frameworks                              How                            WhyThe Ecosystem Governance Cycle            Th...
Socio-Environmental Systems                   Ecosystem                  Governance                  Ecosystem            ...
Ecosystem GovernanceThe formal and informal arrangements, institutions,and mores that structure and influence:  • How reso...
Principle Sources andMechanisms of Governance    Market                       Civil Society               Government   Eco...
Progressively larger cycles indicate growth in scope         GESAMP, 1996
MSP is an Issue‐Driven Process      • MSP research should be directed at         the problems and the opportunities       ...
Three Categories of Issues for Ecosystem GovernanceEnvironmental threats or declines in    1ecosystem goods and servicesSo...
Good process does not always   generate the anticipated         outcomes!
The Implementation Gap• Appears when issue analysis, planning,   stakeholder involvement, and governmental   mandates     ...
The Orders of Outcomes Framework Assembly of      Implementat       The Harvest    The Ultimate the              ion as   ...
The Orders of Outcomes                                             Global             Scale                               ...
The Four 1st Order Enabling           Conditions• GOALS for specified environmental and  societal outcomes• Supportive and...
The Frameworks are a Basis for        Monitoring and Evaluation• Graduated indicators have been developed for   each eleme...
Tracking Governance Cycle Actions
Ist Order Preconditions: Goal Definition
Thank You!   sbo@crc.uri.edu
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Frameworks for the Processes & Outcomes of MSP Stephen B. Olsen

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Transcript of "Frameworks for the Processes & Outcomes of MSP Stephen B. Olsen"

  1. 1. Frameworks forthe Processes & Outcomes of MSPSimplification in a Context of Complexity Stephen B. Olsen Director, The Coastal Resources Center University of Rhode Island
  2. 2. Why? For Whom? Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) is A complex, lengthyprocess combining Often extending Politically charged,science, stakeholder over many years often rich in conflictsparticipation and policymaking• Can this complexity be portrayed to – highlight the most essential features of distinct phases? – How best to sequence the many actions?• Can such frameworks encourage transparency and accountability for all concerned?• Be applied at a range of spatial scales and socio-political settings?• And can such frameworks encourage comparison across initiatives and collaborative learning?
  3. 3. Two Frameworks How WhyThe Ecosystem Governance Cycle The Orders of OutcomesModeled on the learning cycle Disaggregate the ultimate goal of sustainable forms• designed to emphasize of development into a differences in the nature of each sequence of more tangible phase outcomes• essential actions associated with each phase
  4. 4. Socio-Environmental Systems Ecosystem Governance Ecosystem Good & ServicesEnvironmental Societal Domain Domain
  5. 5. Ecosystem GovernanceThe formal and informal arrangements, institutions,and mores that structure and influence: • How resources or an environment are utilized • How problems,opportunities are evaluated, analyzed • What behavior is acceptable or forbidden • What rules & sanctions are applied to affect how natural resources are distributed and used Juda and Hennessey, 2007
  6. 6. Principle Sources andMechanisms of Governance Market Civil Society Government Economic Legal/Political Social Mechanisms Mechanisms Mechanisms Human Uses of Ecosystems
  7. 7. Progressively larger cycles indicate growth in scope         GESAMP, 1996
  8. 8. MSP is an Issue‐Driven Process • MSP research should be directed at  the problems and the opportunities  (issues) that the plan and policies will  address • Stakeholders and the public engage in  MSP when it addresses issues that  matter to them • The perceived importance of  individual issues often shifts with  each step
  9. 9. Three Categories of Issues for Ecosystem GovernanceEnvironmental threats or declines in 1ecosystem goods and servicesSocietal needs, desires and conflicts 2Weaknesses in the governance system 3
  10. 10. Good process does not always  generate the anticipated  outcomes!
  11. 11. The Implementation Gap• Appears when issue analysis, planning,  stakeholder involvement, and governmental  mandates DO NOT• Produce the changes in behavior that signal  implementation of a policy or plan of action AND THERFORE DO NOT GENERATE• The anticipated outcomes
  12. 12. The Orders of Outcomes Framework Assembly of Implementat The Harvest The Ultimate the ion as Achievement Goal Enabling Changes in of Selected Sustainable Conditions Behavior Societal and Forms of Goals Resource Environmenta Ecosystem Constituencies users l Goals Development Capacity Institutions Commitment Investments Time
  13. 13. The Orders of Outcomes Global Scale Regional National Local End Outcomes Intermediate Outcomes First Order: Second Order: Third Order: Fourth Order: Enabling Conditions Changed Behavior Attainment of  Sustainable Ecosystem   Program Goals Conditions & Uses Governmental  commitment: authority,  Changes in behavior of  Some targets for social  A desirable and  funding; institutions and  and/or environmental  dynamic balance  stakeholder groups; qualities maintained,  between social and  Institutional capacity to  restored or improved. environmental  implement; Changes in behaviors  conditions is sustained. directly affecting  Unambiguous goals; resources of concern; Constituencies present at  Changes in investment  local and national levels. strategies. TimeSource: Olsen et al., 2006 
  14. 14. The Four 1st Order Enabling Conditions• GOALS for specified environmental and societal outcomes• Supportive and informed CONSTITUENCIES sufficient to generate political will• COMMITMENTS that provide the necessary authorities and resources for implementation• The necessary CAPACITY is present within implementing institutions
  15. 15. The Frameworks are a Basis for  Monitoring and Evaluation• Graduated indicators have been developed for  each element of the 5 step governance cycle and  for each attribute of the 1st, 2nd and 3d Order  Outcomes (UNEP, 2006; LOICZ, 2010)• These indicators can be applied to document  baseline conditions and then periodically track  progress and adaptation• Designed as “scorecards,” these can  – encourage interdisciplinary engagement – promote a transparent process to stakeholders   
  16. 16. Tracking Governance Cycle Actions
  17. 17. Ist Order Preconditions: Goal Definition
  18. 18. Thank You! sbo@crc.uri.edu
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