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Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium
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Charlotte Herman A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium

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  • 1. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT 1 A race for space in the Belgian marine waters Marine Spatial Planning in Belgium International Marine Spatial Planning Symposium: Sharing Practical Solutions/11ht Annual Ronald C. Baird Sea Grant Science Symposium” 16 May 2012, Providence Charlotte Herman, Belgium, Directorate-General for Environment charlotte.herman@environment.belgium.be
  • 2. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT 2 Belgian part of the North Sea
  • 3. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT 3 Activities in the BPNS
  • 4. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT 4 Fisheries
  • 5. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT 5 Offshore Wind Energy Zone
  • 6. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT 6 Wind farms and export cables
  • 7. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT 7 Installed windturbines
  • 8. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT Special Area of Conservation (Habitat Dir) 8 Special Protection Areas (Birds Dir.)
  • 9. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT 9 Aquaculture zones (mussel)
  • 10. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT10 Dredge disposal sites
  • 11. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT11 Aggregate extraction zone
  • 12. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT12 Anchorage area
  • 13. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT13 Radar and measuring pillars
  • 14. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT14 Navigation routes
  • 15. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT15 Military zone
  • 16. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT16 Gas pipelines
  • 17. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT17 Telecom cables
  • 18. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT18 A sea of chaos Map Mare Liberum. Superimposed projection of all users of the BPNS (GAUFRE report “Towards a Spatial Structure Plan for Sustainable Management of the Sea”)
  • 19. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT MSP issues Claims for space anno 2012 • No claims have signifcantly been reduced; • Some existing claims have increased in surface; - nature conservation (new MPA’s in EEZ), - maritime transport (short sea shipping),… • Other claims are likely to increase in the near future: - wind energy; - coastal defense –rise of sea level; - sea ports – expansion; … • New claims are being considered: - new aquaculture technologies (extraction of seashells?); - renewable offshore energy (tidal energy?) - increase of shipping activities (logistic offshore platform?)
  • 20. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT MSP drivers • Users of the sea demand for MSP as an integrated MSP will lead to solve uncertainties and will attract investors (certainty, planning for the future) • MSP will contribute to the success of other policy competencies; e.g. MSP will serve as a tool for the achievement of a Good Environmental Status by 2020 (as required by the European Union) • European and international tendency to promote MSP
  • 21. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT21 Marine Spatial Planning in 2012 Caution: the legal basis is still under negotiation, so things might undergo changes Legal basis underway: • Law Marine Environment (1999), as amended • Royal decree establishing the procedure for the adoption of the Marine Spatial Plan • Royal decree establising the Marine Spatial Plan Initiator / Coordinator: • Ministerial level – (federal) minister of the North Sea (Mr. J.Vande Lanotte) • Administration level – (federal) Directorate – General Environment
  • 22. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT Marine Spatial Planning in 2012 Procedure Pre-draft Plan  Advisory Commission Draft Plan  Socio-economic public consultation*  SEA (including public consultation)* Marine Spatial Plan implemented by Royal Decree * Formal transboundary consultation
  • 23. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT23 Marine Spatial Planning in 2012 Advisory Commission - Federal and regional (Flemish Region) representatives from public services - 30 days Public consultation - Including a public hearing/ stakeholders meeting - Formal contact with some other governments / institutions - 60 days Socio-economic - No formal procedure, to be «agreed» between States transboundary - 60 days consultation SEA transboundary - the « affected State » to decide whether the State wants to take consultation part in the consultation - 60 days
  • 24. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT24 Marine Spatial Planning in a later stage Renewal procedure - Renewal every 6 years - Intermittent renewal procedure
  • 25. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT25 Marine Spatial Planning in 2012 MSP = instrument, tool Plan Content 1. Spatial analysis of Belgian part of the North Sea - Introduction - Physical aspects - Nature value - Existing user functions - Existing spatial structure - Spatial alliances and conflicts 2. Long term vision on spatial use 3. Clear economic, social and ecological objectives 4. Measures, funding, instruments and actions to implement the Marine Spatial Plan
  • 26. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT Challenges Multi – level government European Union: policy targets (e.g., CFP, MSFD, IMP,…) Federal State: general competency for North Sea Policy  federal public services Internal Affairs, Mobility, Defence, Environment,… Flemish Region: specific competencies  fishing, dredging, sea ports, coastal defence, salvage and towage operations,… Local authorities: coastal municipalities (e.g., beach)/province (e.g., disaster plan)
  • 27. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT Opportunities and key factors for success  Balance - between existing use of space / future use of space  Multiple use of space  Long term vision and objectives MSP – future perspective, no ad hoc approach  Transparency – intelligent use of bilateral consultation, well – informed decision,…  Stakeholder participation  Coherence between land and sea  Coordination within the Belgian state structure – respect competencies (federal, regional, local, international..)  Cross-border cooperation and consultation – potential “common” MSP, sea basin approach,...
  • 28. SPF SANTE PUBLIQUE, SECURITE DE LA CHAINE ALIMENTAIRE ET ENVIRONNEMENT Thank you!

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