Bela Buck Multi-Use Concepts as a Potential Solution for the Overcrowded Marine Realm
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Bela Buck Multi-Use Concepts as a Potential Solution for the Overcrowded Marine Realm

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Bela Buck Multi-Use Concepts as a Potential Solution for the Overcrowded Marine Realm Bela Buck Multi-Use Concepts as a Potential Solution for the Overcrowded Marine Realm Presentation Transcript

  • Multi-Use Concepts as a Potential Solution for the Overcrowded Marine Realm Bela H. BuckInternational Marine Spatial Planning Public Symposium, Providence (RI)
  • Relatively small  N PL size of the EEZ in  the Baltic Sea  EST S and in the North  RUS Sea. DK LT GB D LV NL B FIN F© B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  • North SeaEEZ: Baltic Sea28,600 km2 Schleswig‐ Holstein Hamburg Mecklenburg‐ Vorpommern Bremen EEZ: Lower‐Saxony 4,500 km2© B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  • Priority list (with regard to UNCLOS) MSP at an early stages: (between 2001‐2006) High  Safety and efficiency of shipping   Defining the actual state of  National and international  uses contracts [e.g. pipelines, cables] Shipping & Pipelines, Cables, Mariculture, Military Features Sediment, Platforms  Protection of the marine   Ascertain priorities of  environment  National/Alliance defence different uses Others   Set priorities regarding  Resources national and international   Scientific research Nature Conservation Offshore Wind Farms  Wind farming “dependencies”.© B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  • Construction of the Alpha Ventus wind farm in the EEZ 60 km off the coast of Germany. 5 MW class turbines: 65 MWh∙day‐1∙windmill‐1 8,000 €∙day‐1∙windmill‐1 70% of companies SME© B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  • Multi-use ideas to maximize the 1. Ecologybenefit of an offshore area: - Creating MPA‘s (nursery, sustainable fisheries…) - Set-up artificial reefs 2. Tourism 3. Additional energy resources 4. Offshore Aquaculture 5. Bio-Remediation / Bio-Extraction 6. Use of fouling organismsImage taken from Barry Costa‐Pierce© B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  • Meek, 1989 © B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  • Marine Facilities  Ordinance OSS‐Project forces  wind farm operators  to investigate in co‐ uses© B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012 Buck et al. (2008), Helg. Mar. Research
  • Mussel cultivation designs© B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012 Buck (2007), Helg. Mar. Res. Buck et al. (2010), Aquac. Econom. Management
  • Seaweed cultivation  longlines  ladder  grid© B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  • IMTA (Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture) extractive species extractive species 1. defense line: filter feeders wind seaweed mussels farm with fish fish/ 2. defense line: fish/ wind turbine seaweeds wind turbine different directions bidirectionalMcVey & Buck (2008), WAS © B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  • Consideration of mechanical loads on grounding constructions of longline, cage windmills by or other aquaculture constructions devices© B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  • y N NW NO W O x  SW S0 S1 [N/mm²] S 8 Windrichtungen 8 Wellenanlaufrichtungen LC 5 EF 4 EF 5 EF 6Development of static modelsDiscussion of alternativeGeneration of representative(for 3-5 MWpoints ofclass)connection turbine foundationloads of wind energy LC 5 S1 [N/mm²] S1 [N/mm²]structureinstallations© B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012 Buck et al. (2006), Ocean, Offshore, and Arctic Engineering
  • © B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012 Buck & Krause (2010), Springer Encyclopedia
  • Experimental setup Analysis of flow velocities/forces/qualitative scouring Length scale 1 : 40 Wave parameter:  Medium wave T = 6 s, Hs = 1,5 m Maximum wave: T = 14 s, Hs = 11 m Variation of design – Cylinder – Sphere © B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  • © B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  • Mooring SystemJetty StationOffshore Test Field Koch (2007) Thesis
  • Key Issues: 1. Multi-use concepts ease MSP 2. Multi-use will have a better acceptance for both stakeholders and would save costs. 3. Multi-Use concepts will have economic benefits • Quick procedure • Combined EIA • Shared vessels/personal Prof. Dr. Bela H. Buck • training • Additional biomass Bela.H.Buck@awi.de • etc.© B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012