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Assessing the potential impacts renewable energy on birds and bats in Rhode Island<br />Rhode Island Renewable Energy Siti...
Wind Resources in the United States<br />
Top 5 States<br /><ul><li>As of December 31, 2010, the top five states with the most wind capacity installed are:
Texas(10,085 MW)
Iowa (3,675 MW)
California (3,177 MW)
Minnesota (2,192 MW)
Washington (2,104 MW) </li></li></ul><li>Tehachapi Wind Farm, with around 5,000<br />
Public Perception of Wind Farms and Birds<br />Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area, CA: 5000 wind turbines<br />On going lega...
Common eider <br />(Somateriamollissima)<br />Desholm and Kahlert 2005<br />
Public Perception of Wind Farms and Birds<br />Erickson et al. 2005. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PWS-GTR-191<br />
What are potential impacts of renewable energy development on birds and bats in Rhode Island?<br />2) Where are critical a...
Raw Observations from  aerial surveys:<br /><ul><li>Common and Red-throated Loons – pooled observations</li></ul>Pooled <b...
Density surface model for Seaducks in Winter<br />Daily estimate of 12, 479 (95% CI – 10,994-14,164)<br />
1) What are potential impacts of renewable energy development on birds and bats?<br />Comprehensive literature review<br /...
Preliminary Literature Review<br />Bird & Bat mortality rates at land-based wind facilities<br />
Habitat displacement<br />-Effects of habitat alteration on birds and bats<br />-Changes in predator densities and species...
Reviewing state guidelines<br />
Which species in Rhode Island are most vulnerable?<br />Federally  listed as Threatened or Endangered:<br />Roseate Tern -...
Work with USFWS and TNC to map nesting beaches in RI<br />Enser 1992<br />
ROST Nesting<br />Colonies<br />Bird Is, MA<br />Ram Is, MA<br />Penikese Is, MA<br />Faulkner Is, CT<br />Great Gull Is, ...
Other vulnerable species in Rhode Island:  Rare animals list DEM 2006<br />Waterbirds:<br />Pied-billed Grebe       State ...
Raptors<br />Bald Eagle     	     -nesting pair on Scituate Reservoir<br />Osprey		     -ASRI database<br />Northern Harri...
Rhode Island Listed Land birds:<br />Species			Status		Habitat                         <br />Common Nighthawk	Concern		Ear...
Enser 1992<br />
Bird Banding Stations in RI<br />Block Island (Lapham/Gaffett<br />Kingston (URI/ASRI)<br />Ninigret (USFWS)<br />
85% of all mortalities at wind turbines<br /> are nocturnal passerines<br />Erickson et al. 2001<br />
http://birds.audubon.org/christmas-bird-count<br />Frank Chapman<br />
Distribution and abundance of birds during Winter: CBC example<br />
Great Backyard Bird Count (next one Feb 17-20 2012)<br />http://www.birdsource.org/gbbc/<br />
Avian Knowledge Network (www.avianknowledge.net)<br />
WSR-88D Doppler radar (NEXRAD)<br />http://www.woodcreeper.com/<br />
Bats  (none currently state listed:<br />From Mendelsohn et al. 2009. Wind power feasibility study for Jamestown.<br />htt...
From Raithel (RI DEM 2008)<br />
Summary of outcomes for RESP<br />-Comprehensive literature review for birds and bats:<br />   Collision Risk<br />   Habi...
The Great Backyard Bird Count – www.birdsource.org/gbbc)<br />
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Assessing the potential impacts of renewable energy on birds and bats in Rhode Island

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Transcript of "Assessing the potential impacts of renewable energy on birds and bats in Rhode Island"

  1. 1. Assessing the potential impacts renewable energy on birds and bats in Rhode Island<br />Rhode Island Renewable Energy Siting Partnership (RESP)<br />Rick Loomis / Los Angeles Times<br />Peter Paton, Sarah Butler, and Corrie Heinz<br />Department of Natural Resources Science, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881<br />6 October 2011<br />
  2. 2. Wind Resources in the United States<br />
  3. 3. Top 5 States<br /><ul><li>As of December 31, 2010, the top five states with the most wind capacity installed are:
  4. 4. Texas(10,085 MW)
  5. 5. Iowa (3,675 MW)
  6. 6. California (3,177 MW)
  7. 7. Minnesota (2,192 MW)
  8. 8. Washington (2,104 MW) </li></li></ul><li>Tehachapi Wind Farm, with around 5,000<br />
  9. 9. Public Perception of Wind Farms and Birds<br />Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area, CA: 5000 wind turbines<br />On going legal battle:<br />Replace older 100 kw, worst 500 turbines<br />with larger 1-3 MW turbines<br />
  10. 10.
  11. 11. Common eider <br />(Somateriamollissima)<br />Desholm and Kahlert 2005<br />
  12. 12. Public Perception of Wind Farms and Birds<br />Erickson et al. 2005. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PWS-GTR-191<br />
  13. 13. What are potential impacts of renewable energy development on birds and bats in Rhode Island?<br />2) Where are critical areas in Rhode Island for birds and<br /> bats?<br />
  14. 14. Raw Observations from aerial surveys:<br /><ul><li>Common and Red-throated Loons – pooled observations</li></ul>Pooled <br />species<br />
  15. 15. Density surface model for Seaducks in Winter<br />Daily estimate of 12, 479 (95% CI – 10,994-14,164)<br />
  16. 16. 1) What are potential impacts of renewable energy development on birds and bats?<br />Comprehensive literature review<br />-What are impacts of land-based wind turbines in US and elsewhere?<br />-Collision risk<br /> -Are certain species more vulnerable for both birds and bats?<br /> -Factors affecting collision risk for birds and bats<br /> -Topography<br /> -Habitat type<br /> -Location with migratory route<br /> -Coastal vs interior sites<br /> -Facility size, turbine height, blade size and speed, turbine lighting<br />
  17. 17. Preliminary Literature Review<br />Bird & Bat mortality rates at land-based wind facilities<br />
  18. 18. Habitat displacement<br />-Effects of habitat alteration on birds and bats<br />-Changes in predator densities and species composition<br />Seasonal impacts of wind turbines on birds and bats<br /> Breeding<br /> Migration<br /> Winter<br />
  19. 19. Reviewing state guidelines<br />
  20. 20. Which species in Rhode Island are most vulnerable?<br />Federally listed as Threatened or Endangered:<br />Roseate Tern - Endangered<br />Piping Plover - threatened<br />Puma - endangered<br />Arthur Morris/BIRDS AS ART<br />Glen Tepke<br />
  21. 21. Work with USFWS and TNC to map nesting beaches in RI<br />Enser 1992<br />
  22. 22. ROST Nesting<br />Colonies<br />Bird Is, MA<br />Ram Is, MA<br />Penikese Is, MA<br />Faulkner Is, CT<br />Great Gull Is, NY<br />30 km – ROST foraging distance<br />
  23. 23. Other vulnerable species in Rhode Island: Rare animals list DEM 2006<br />Waterbirds:<br />Pied-billed Grebe State endangered – Coastal Ponds<br />American Bittern State endangered – coastal saltmarshes<br />Least Bittern State threatened - Coastal marshes<br />Great Egret Concern - Narragansett Bay islands<br />Little Blue Heron Concern - Narragansett Bay islands<br />Snowy Egret Concern -Narragansett Bay Islands<br />Cattle Egret Concern - Narragansett Bay Islands<br />Blk-crd. Night-Heron Concern -Narragansett Bay Islands<br />Yw-crd. Night-Heron Concern -Narragansett Bay Islands<br />Glossy Ibis Concern -Narragansett Bay Islands<br />Green-winged Teal Concern -coastal ponds<br />Blue-winged Teal Concern -coastal ponds<br />Gadwall Concern<br />Hooded Merganser Concern -cavities, freshwater ponds<br />
  24. 24.
  25. 25. Raptors<br />Bald Eagle -nesting pair on Scituate Reservoir<br />Osprey -ASRI database<br />Northern Harrier -nest on Block Island, winter on coast<br />Sharp-shinned Hawk rare nesting, common in migration<br />Cooper’s Hawk forests, becoming more common<br />Northern Goshawk forests<br />Peregrine Falcon urban, bridges<br />Ken B<br />Joe Buban/DEM<br />
  26. 26. Rhode Island Listed Land birds:<br />Species Status Habitat <br />Common Nighthawk Concern Early Successional<br />Pileated Woodpecker Concern Older forests<br />Acadian Flycatcher Concern Woodlands near swamps<br />Horned Lark Concern Grasslands<br />Cliff Swallow Historical Open areas<br />Winter Wren Concern Forests<br />Marsh Wren Concern marshes<br />Golden-winged Warbler Historical Early Successional<br />Northern Parula Threatened Forests<br />Bk-thd Blue Warbler Threatened Forests<br />Cerulean Warbler Endangered Forests<br />Blackburnian Warbler Threatened Forests<br />Prothonotary Warbler Concern Forests<br />Worm-eating Warbler Concern Forests<br />Yellow-breasted Chat Endangered Early successional shrub<br />Vesper Sparrow Historical Grasslands<br />Henslow’s Sparrow Historical Grasslands<br />Grasshopper Sparrow Historical Grasslands<br />White-throated Sparrow Concern Forest<br />Seaside Sparrow Concern Salt marsh<br />Dark-eyed Junco Concern Forest<br />
  27. 27. Enser 1992<br />
  28. 28.
  29. 29. Bird Banding Stations in RI<br />Block Island (Lapham/Gaffett<br />Kingston (URI/ASRI)<br />Ninigret (USFWS)<br />
  30. 30. 85% of all mortalities at wind turbines<br /> are nocturnal passerines<br />Erickson et al. 2001<br />
  31. 31.
  32. 32. http://birds.audubon.org/christmas-bird-count<br />Frank Chapman<br />
  33. 33. Distribution and abundance of birds during Winter: CBC example<br />
  34. 34. Great Backyard Bird Count (next one Feb 17-20 2012)<br />http://www.birdsource.org/gbbc/<br />
  35. 35. Avian Knowledge Network (www.avianknowledge.net)<br />
  36. 36. WSR-88D Doppler radar (NEXRAD)<br />http://www.woodcreeper.com/<br />
  37. 37.
  38. 38.
  39. 39. Bats (none currently state listed:<br />From Mendelsohn et al. 2009. Wind power feasibility study for Jamestown.<br />http://www.bu.edu/cecb/wind/video/<br />
  40. 40. From Raithel (RI DEM 2008)<br />
  41. 41. Summary of outcomes for RESP<br />-Comprehensive literature review for birds and bats:<br /> Collision Risk<br /> Habitat assessment<br /> Pre- and post-construction monitoring guidelines<br />-Maps (for RI towns) showing distribution of:<br /> Federally-listed species<br /> State list species<br /> Hot spots during breeding, migration, winter<br /> Habitats of concern<br /> Migration corridors<br />
  42. 42.
  43. 43.
  44. 44. The Great Backyard Bird Count – www.birdsource.org/gbbc)<br />
  45. 45.
  46. 46.
  47. 47.
  48. 48.
  49. 49.
  50. 50. Wind Resources and Power in US<br /><ul><li>41 GW installed onshore wind capacity, ~2% of US power: Texas: 10 GW; Iowa: 3.7 GW; California: 3.2 GW; Minnesota: 2.2 GW</li></ul>Need 6.5<br />m/sec<br />for wind <br />development<br />
  51. 51. Currently no offshore wind turbines in US<br />Rhode <br />Island<br />Estimated wind speed at 90 m<br />

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