They are a creation of Allah I have only created jinn and man that they may serve me.” (Qur’aan surah 51: V 56)
They were created before mankind• “And the jinn, We created aforetime from the smokeless flame o fire.” [al-Hijr 15:27]
Their essence of creation “And the jinn He created from, asmokeless flame of fire.” (C 55: V 15)
They are accountable• “O assembly of jinns and mankind! Did there not come to you Messengers from amongst you, reciting unto you My Verses…?” [al-An‟aam 6:130]
Types of Jinn• Abu Tha‟labah al-Khushani said: “The Messenger of Allah said: „The jinn are of three types: a types that has wings, and they fly through the air; a type that looks like snakes and dogs; and a type that stops for a rest then resumes its journey.” (Reported by al-Tahhaawi in Mushkil al-Athaar, 4/95, and by al-Tabaraani in al-Kabeer, 22/214. Shaykh al-Albaani said in al-Mishkaat (2/1206, no. 4148): al-Tahhaawi and Abu‟l-Shaykh reported it with a saheeh isnaad).
Snakes,dog Stops forFlying jinn rest and moves on. Jinn
• Abu Said al-Khudri said: The Apostle of said: Some snakes are jinn; so when anyone sees one of them in his house, he should give it a warning three times. If it return (after that), he should kill it, for it is a devil.(Abu Daud)
Constant companion (qareen).• Ibn Mas‟ood said: “The Messenger of Allah said, „There is not one of you who does not have a jinn appointed to be his constant companion.‟ They said, „And you too, O Messenger of Allah ?‟ He said, „Me too, but Allah has helped me and he has submitted, so that he only helps me to do good.‟” (Reported by Muslim, 2814).
• This hadeeth contains a reference to the warning against the fitnah (temptation, trial) and whispers of the qareen (constant companion from among the jinn). We know that he is with us so we should beware of him as much as possible.”
Jabir narrates that the Messenger ofAllah said, „Shaytan is present in all youdo. He is even present when you eat.When you drop a morsel, he takes it. Oneshould clean it off and eat it and not leaveit for shaytan. When you finish you shouldlick your fingers. No-one knows in whichpart of his food the blessing lies.‟ Muslimand at-Tirmidi
Satan has two horns• In Sahih Muslim, it is recorded from Ibn Umar that the Prophet said, “Do not seek to pray when the sun is rising or when it is setting, verily it rises [and sets] between the two horns of a devil..”
They cannot be seen by the humans“Verily he [Shaytaan] and his qabeeluhu[his soldiers from the jinn or his tribe] seeyou from where you cannot see them…”[al-A‟raaf 7:27]
Food and drink of Jinn• Ibn Mas‟ud said: “The Messenger of Allah said: „Someone from among the jinn called me, and I went with him and recited Qur‟aan for them.‟ He took us and showed us the traces of where they had been and the traces of their fires. They asked him for food and he said, „You can have every bone on which the name of Allah has been mentioned that comes into your possession, as meat, and all the droppings as food for your animals.‟ The Prophet said, „So do not use [these things] for cleaning yourselves [after relieving oneself], for they are the food and provision of your brothers.‟” (Reported by Muslim, 450).
They can eat and sleep with youProphet Muhammad said: (When the person enters his homeand mentions the name of Allah while entering as well asbefore eating, the Devil says to its friends: You cant spend thenight here neither can you have dinner. But if he enters, anddoes not mention the name of Allah when entering, and beforeeating, the Devil says: "You have obtained where to sleep andsomething to eat) narrated by Muslim.
He eats with his left handProphet :“ When one of you eats, he should eat with his righthand. And when one of you drinks he should drink with hisright hand. Verily, Satan eats and drinks with his left hand”.
Dwellings of the JinnThe jinn live on this earth as we do. They are mostly to befound in ruins and unclean places like bathrooms, dunghills,garbage dumps and graveyards. Hence the Prophettaught us to take precautions when entering such places, byreciting the adhkaar (prayers) prescribed by Islam. One ofthese was reported by Anas ibn Maalik , who said: “Whenthe Messenger of Allah entered the toilet, he would say,„Allaahumma innee a‟oodhu bika min al-khubuthi wa‟l-khabaa‟ith (O Allah, I seek refuge with You from the evilones, male and female).‟” (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 142; and Muslim, 375). Al-Khattaabiexplained that khubuth is the plural of khabeeth (evil or dirty – masculine form), and khabaa‟ith is the plural ofkhabeethah (evil or dirty – feminine form), and that what is meant is male and female shayaateen.
Dwellings of Jinn• Qatada related from Abdullah ibn Sarjas who said, "The Messenger of Allah forbade urination into a hole." Said Qatadah, "What is disliked about urinating into a hole?" Said he, "It is the residence of the jinn.“ Ahmad, an-Nasai, Dawud, al-Hakim and al-Baihaqi Ibn Khuzaimah and Ibn as-Sakin classified it as sahih]
Some jinns are Muslims and some are kaafirs• Allah tells us that some of the jinn said (interpretation of the meaning):• “ „And some of us are Muslims, and of us some are al-qaasitoon (disbelievers – those who have deviated from the Right Path). And whosoever has embraced Islam, then such have sought the Right Path. And as for the qaasitoon, they shall be firewood for Hell.‟” [al-Jinn 72:14-15]
They have different levels of Taqwa• “[Some jinn said:] „There are among us some that are righteous, and some the contrary; we are groups, each having a different way (religious sects, etc.)‟” [al- Jinn 72:11]
PresenceJabir bin Abdullah narrates that the Prophet said, "Cover your utensils and tie your water skins, and close your doors and keep your children close to you at night, as the Jinns spread out at such time and snatch things away. When you go to bed, put out your lights, for the mischief- doer (i.e. the rat) may drag away the wick of the candle and burn the dwellers of the house." Ata said, "The devils." (instead of the Jinns). Sahih Bukhari 4:533.
WalkThe Messenger of Allah said, None ofyou should walk with just one sandal.Shaytan walks with one sandal.‟(Muslim,Abu Da ud, at-Tirmidi and ibn Majah allmention it.)
Throne• The throne of iblis is in the sea. Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal relates that Jabir said that the Prophet said, „Iblis places his throne on the sea. Then he sends forth his armies. The nearest of them to him in rank is the greatest in sedition (corruption of a state).One of them comes and says, “ I did such-and-such.”He says, “You did not do anything.”Then another comes and says, “I did not leave him until I split him from his wife.” He brings him near-or clasps him- and says, “You did well.”
Children of Jinn• On the authority of Qataada that the Prophet said:“The jinn have children in the same way that the sons of Adam have children, but theirs are more in number”( ibn Abu Haatim and Abu al-Shaikh in al- Udhma)
Jinns and fortune telling. Aa„ishah reported that when sheasked Allahs messenger about fortune-tellers, he replied that they were nothing.She then mentioned that the fortune-tellerssometimes told them things, which weretrue. The Prophet said: "That is a bit oftruth which the Jinn steals and cackles inthe ear of his friend; but he mixes alongwith it a hundred lies." (al-Bukhari, Muslim)
They don‟t know the future• Then when we decreed death for him (Solomon), nothing informed them (jinns) of his death except a little worm of the earth, which kept (slowly) gnawing a way at his stick, so when he fell down, the jinns saw clearly that if they had known the unseen, they would not have stayed in the humiliating torment. Surah 34: 12-14
MissilesIbn Abbaas said, "When the Prophet and a groupof his companions set out for the Ukaadh market, thedevils were blocked from hearing information in theheavens. Meteors were let loose on them, so theyreturned to their people. When their people asked whathappened, they told them. Some suggested thatsomething must have happened, so they spread out overthe earth seeking the cause. Some of them came acrossthe Prophet and his companions while they were inSalaah and they heard the Quran. They said tothemselves that this must have been what blocked themfrom listening. When they returned to their people theytold them, Verily we have heard a marvellous Quran. Itguides unto righteousness so we believed in it. And wewill never make partners with our Lord. Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi andAhmad)
Meteors• Allah the Almighty says in the Holy Qur‟an• “and indeed we have adorned the nearest heaven with lamps, and We have made such lamps (as) missiles to drive away the Shayatin” (C 67: V 05)
The Occult.• Through their powers of flying and invisibility, the Jinn are the chief component in occult activities. Voodoo, Black magic, Poltergeists, Witchcraft and Mediums can all be explained through the world of the Jinn. Likewise, so can the illusions and feats of magicians. Because the Jinn can traverse huge distances over a matter of seconds, their value to magicians is great. In return for helping them in their magic, the Jinns often ask for the magicians to sell their souls to them and even to Iblis.
Can Jinn take different form?• Shaykh al-Islam (Ibn Taymiyah) said: The jinn may appear in human and animal form, so they may appear as snakes and scorpions etc, or in the form of camels, cattle, sheep, horses, mules and donkeys, or in the form of birds, or in the form of humans, as the Shaytaan came to Quraysh in the form of Suraaqah ibn Maalik ibn Ju‟sham when they wanted to set out for Badr. Majmoo‟ al-Fataawa, 19/44.
Jinn taking human form„Urwah ibn al-Zubayr said:When Quraysh decided to march, mention wasmade of what was between them and Bani Bakr– i.e., war – and that almost made them changetheir minds. Then Iblees appeared to them in theform of Suraaqah ibn Ju‟sham al-Madlaji, whowas one of the nobles of Banu Kinaanah, andsaid: “I will protect you against Kinaanah so thatKinaanah will not be able to do you any harm.”So they went ahead with their plan. This was also quoted by IbnKatheer in al-Bidaayah wa‟l-Nihaayah, 5/62.
Can Jinn possess humans?• “Those who eat Riba will not stand (on the Day of Resurrection) except like the standing of a person beaten by Shaytaan (Satan) leading him to insanity”[al-Baqarah 2:275]• The jinn can enter humans and possess them, causing them to go insane, either because the human has harmed them and they want to take revenge on him, or because they are toying with him, or for some other purpose that they are seeking.
Death & after death There is no doubt that the jinn doinevitably die after all they fall into what Allah says,„All that dwells upon the earth perishes,yet still abides the face of your Lord,majestic splendid. So which of your Lord‟sbounties will you two (jinn and men)deny?‟(C 55: V 26-28)
DeathProphet used to say: "I seek refuge(with you) by your Izzat (Might), Nonehas the right to be worshipped but YouWho does not die while Jinn andhuman beings die". (al- Bukhari)
Reward & PunishmentBut surely, We shall cause those whodisbelieve to taste a severe punishment,and certainly, We shall requite (repay)them the worst of what they used to do.This is the recompense of the enemies ofAllah: the Fire. There in will be for themthe eternal home, a deserving for that theyused to deny Our ayah (signs, revelations,etc.) (C 41: V 27-28)
How to protect yourselves from evil Jinn The Messenger said: “No person seeks refuge with anything like the Mu`awwidhatayn (soorahs al-Falaq and an-Nas)”. [an-Nasaa‟i]
Reciting at-Ta‟awwudh• Seeking refuge with ALLAH from Shaytan. ALLAH the Most High said, “And if there comes to you from Satan an evil suggestion, then seek refuge in ALLAH. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Knowing.” [41:36]
Recting special ayah for protectionReciting the words taught by Allah in theQur‟an “Say: „My Lord! I seek refuge withYou from the whisperings (suggestions) ofthe shayaateen (devils). And I seek refugewith You, my Lord, lest they may attend(or come near) me.‟” [al-Mu‟minoon 23:97-98]
Reciting Bismillah• Prophet said, “To put a barrier that will prevent the jinn from seeing the „awrah of the sons of Aadam, let any one of you say „Bismillaah‟ when entering the toilet.” (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, 551; Saheeh al- Jaami‟, 3611).
Recitation of surah al-Baqarah.• The Messenger , said, “The house in which al-Baqarah is recited is not approached by Shaytan.” [Muslim]
Reciting last 2 verses of Baqarah• It was narrated from al-Nu‟maan ibn Basheer that the Prophet said: “Allah inscribed a book two thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth, from which the last two aayahs of Surat al-Baqarah were revealed. If they are recited for three nights, no shaytaan (devil)will remain in the house).• (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2882. This hadeeth was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami‟, 1799).
Kalimatut-tawheed 100 times• Abu Hurayrah narrates that the Messenger of Allah said: “Whoever says “Laa ilaaha ill-Allah wahdahu laa shareeka lah, lahu‟l-mulk wa lahu‟l-hamd wa huwa „ala kulli shay‟in qadeer” one hundred times in the day, will have a reward equivalent to that of freeing ten slaves, one hundred hasanahs (good deeds) will be recorded for him, and one hundred sayi‟ahs (bad deeds) will be erased from his record, and it will be protection for him from the Shaytaan for that day, until evening comes. No one could achieve any better than him except the one who does more than he did.” (narrated by al-Bukhaari, 31119; Muslim, 2691
Aayatul Kursiy• “A man from among the Companions of Muhammad met a man from among the jinn. They wrestled, and the human knocked down the jinn. The human said to him, „You look small and skinny to me, and your forearms look like the front paws of a dog. Do all the jinn look like this, or only you?‟ He said, „No, by Allah, among them I am strong, but let us wrestle again, and if you defeat me I will teach you something that will do you good.‟ The human said, „Fine.‟ He said, „Recite, „Allah! None has the right to be worshipped but He, the Ever-living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists…‟ [Aayat al-Kursi – al-Baqarah 2:255. The human said, „Fine.‟ He said, „You will never recite this in your house but the Shaytaan will come out of it like a donkey breaking wind, and he will never come back in until the next morning.‟” (Reported by al-Daarimi, 3247).
Lock the doors and cover the utensils The Prophet said: Shaytandoes not open a locked dooror untie a tied knot, or uncovera vessel.(muwatta ImamMaalik)
Abundance of Dhikr• Remembering Allah often (dhikr)• It was narrated from al-Haarith al-Ash‟ari that the Prophet said: “Allah commanded Yahyaa ibn Zakariyah (peace be upon him) five things to follow and to enjoin upon the Children of Israel… and he commanded them to remember Allah, and the likeness of that is a man who was being pursued by the enemy, until he reached a strong fortress in which he found protection; similarly a man cannot find protection from the Shaytaan except by remembering Allah…”• (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2863; he said it is hasan saheeh. The hadeeth was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami‟, 1724
Listening to Aadhaan• Abu Hurayrah narrating that the Messenger of Allah said: “When the Shaytaan hears the call to prayer, he runs away fast.”‟”(Narrated by Muslim, 389).