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Ripu 10 a

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  • 1. Terrorism
  • 2. What is terrorism?
  • 3. Definitions
  • 4. Encyclopedia Britannica “ The systematic use of terror (such as bombings, killings, and kidnappings) as a means of forcing some political objective. When used by a government, it may signal efforts to stifle dissent; used by insurrectionists or guerrillas, it many be part of an overall effort to effect desired political change.”
  • 5. Webster’s II New Riverside University Dictionary “ Systematic use of violence, terror, and intimidation to achieve an end.”
  • 6. U.S. Department of State “ Terrorism is premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine state agents, usually to influence an audience.”
  • 7. Federal Bureau of Investigation “ Terrorism is the unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives.”
  • 8. League of Nations Convention (1937) “ All criminal acts directed against a State and calculated to create a state of terror in the minds of particular persons or group of persons or the general public.”
  • 9. United Nations Resolutions Language (1999) “ 1. Strongly condemns all acts, methods, and practices of terrorism as criminal and unjustifiable, wherever and by whomsoever committed; 2. Reiterates that criminal acts intended or calculated to provoke a state of terror in the general public, a group of persons or particular persons for political purposes are in any circumstance unjustifiable, whatever the considerations of a political, philosophical, ideological, racial, ethnic, religious or other nature that may be invoked to justify them.” (General Assembly Resolution 51/210, “measures to eliminate international terrorism”)
  • 10. History or Terrorism
  • 11. French Revolution he term “terrorism” evolved during a phase of the French Revolution known as the “Reign of Terror”. From 1793 to 1794, one faction of the Revolution used violent methods to weed out “traitors” and to spread “terror” throughout the country. In just six weeks, more than 1,300 people were guillotined in Paris alone. T
  • 12. Terrorism is on the rise in recent years.
  • 13. Time Line 1996 , Truck bomb, Manchester England 1988 , Pan Am #103 bombed, Lockerbie Scotland 1972 Israeli athletes taken hostage, Munich Germany 1995 Nerve gas released, Aum Shinrikyo 1984 Golden Temple seized, Amritsar India 1979 Diplomats held hostage, Tehran, Iran 1997 Shopping mall bombed, Jerusalem Isreal 1998 U. S. Embassies bomed, Kenya and Tanzania 1992 Two car bombs explode, Lima, Peru 2001 Four airplanes hijacked and crashed, Washington, DC & New York City 1995 Murrah Building bombed, Oklahoma City Oklahoma
  • 14. Recent Terrorism 1970s 1972 Israeli athletes taken hostage, Munich Germany 1979 Diplomats held hostage, Tehran, Iran
  • 15. Tehran Iran ovember, 1979 . After the exiled Shah of Iran was admitted into the United States for medical treatment, angry Iranian students seized the U.S. embassy in Tehran and took scores of American diplomats hostage. Thirteen hostages were released shortly thereafter, but the others were held for over a year. N
  • 16. Recent Terrorism 1984 1984 Golden Temple seized, Amritsar, India
  • 17. Amritsar India une, 1984. In an effort to establish an independent state, Sikh terrorists seized the Golden Temple in Amritsar, India. Prime Minister Indoor Gandhi ordered a military campaign to drive out the terrorists. Hundreds were killed. J
  • 18. Recent Terrorism 1988-1995 1988, Pan Am #103 bombed, Lockerbie, Scotland 1995 Nerve gas released, Aum Shinrikyo 1995 Murrah Building bombed, Oklahoma City, OK 1992 Two car bombs explode, Lima, Peru
  • 19. Tokyo Japan arch, 1995 The terrorist group, Aum Shinrikyo, released nerve gas in a Tokyo subway station to head off a raid by the Japanese government. The terrorist killed eleven people and injured thousands. M
  • 20. Recent Terrorism 1995-2001 1996, Truck bomb, Manchester, England 1997 Shopping mall bombed, Jeruselem, Isreal 1998 U. S. Embassies bomed, Kenya and Tanzania 2001 Four airplanes hijacked and crashed, Washington, DC and New York City
  • 21. New York City USA eptember 11, 2001 was the deadliest terrorist attack in history. Osama Bin Laden’s terrorist organization Al Qaeda hijacked 4 commercial jets. Two of the planes were flown into the World Trade Center, another into the Pentagon, and the last plane crashed in rural Pennsylvania. Thousands of lives were lost. Innocent citizens of over 80 different nations were attacked and killed without warning, shocking the civilized world. S
  • 22. Who are terrorists? Terrorists can be anyone who believes in a cause strongly enough to commit violence to make a point.They can even be your neighbor next door.
  • 23. What can we do about Terrorism?
  • 24. PREPARING FOR TERRORISM
  • 25. NATIONAL SECURITY ENEMY :-
    • TERRORISM
  • 26. Terrorist Targets
    • Military Facilities
    • Government Facilities
    • Large Cities
    • International Airports
    • Public Gatherings
    • High-Profile Landmarks
  • 27. Creating Fear Through
    • Explosives
    • Chemical
    • Biological
    • Nuclear
    Improvised explosive device Federal Bureau of Investigation image Radioactive material storage drum Department of Energy image
  • 28. Preparing For Terrorism
    • 1. Be Aware of Your Surroundings
    • 2. Report to the Police Unusual Behavior,
    • Suspicious Packages, and Strange Devices
    • 3. Leave an Area if it Does Not Seem Right
  • 29. Preparing For Terrorism
    • 4. Be Aware of Exits - Plan to Get Out!
    • 5. Learn First Aid & Get a First Aid Kit
    • 6. Be Familiar With Fire Extinguishers
  • 30. The Guardian , 2001
  • 31. HOW TO CREATE PEACE
    • Beat The Bushes For Peace
    • Drop Bush, Not Bombs
    • Real Patriots Drive Hybrids
    • Make Love Not War
    • Nonviolence, Not Nonexistence
    • Love Is The Answer
    • Thou Shalt Not Steal -- Iraqi Oil And Water
  • 32. CONCLUSION When we think of the major threats to our national security, the first to come to mind are nuclear proliferation, rogue states and global terrorism. But another kind of threat lurks beyond our shores, one from nature, not humans - an avian flu pandemic. Barack Obama " I was once asked why I don't participate in anti-war demonstrations. I said that I will never do that, but as soon as you have a pro-peace rally, I'll be there." Mother Teresa
  • 33. Conclusion
    • Terrorism is unlawful act
    • Terrorism has a long history of being used to achieve political, religious and ideological objectives
    • Terrorism can be conducted through firearms, explosive devices and biological, chemical, nuclear materials
    • Therefore peace is a step to be taken crush the
    • empty can of terrorism which works in shade
    • of people through brutal killing of people to
    • meet their needs.
  • 34. The End
  • 35. RIPU DAMAN LAO 10 - A 17 MADE BY :-

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