Update:
IP addresses
AS numbers
and related things...

          PLNOG
      16 January 2009
      Arno Meulenkamp
RIPE NCC

RIPE

IPv4

IPv6

Provider Independent Addresses

AS32

Routing Information Service
RIPE NCC

Located in Amsterdam

Not for profit membership organisation

6064 active members (1 jan 2008)
695 new members in...
The 5 RIRs
IP Address Distribution
                               /0                             IANA




                          /...
Registration
Aggregation
Conservation
IPv4 Address Pool - 2005



                                                              Central
                        ...
IPv4 Address Pool - Now
               Other
                                                 Central
                    ...
IPv4 Address Pool - The Future
Stages of Grief
Denial

Anger

Bargaining

Depression

Acceptance
IPv6 Allocations and Announcements
1000




750




500




250


                                 Allocations
           ...
Getting an IPv6 allocation
To qualify, an organisation must:
  Be an LIR
  Advertise the allocation as a single prefix
  Ha...
IPv6 Transition
Procedural changes...
How Policy Is Made


                           ICANN / IANA

                             ASO / NRO




    AfriNIC    RI...
Direct End User assignments changes
Starting with RIPE NCC Charging Scheme 2009
   Changes already applied to new members
...
What do the changes mean?
No impact on fee for vast majority of LIRs
   Minimal impact for LIRs with many Direct End User ...
PI address space user choices
• Renew contract with their original LIR

• Find a new sponsoring LIR

• Get a direct end us...
New and improved ASNs
Autonomous System Numbers
Assignment requirements
    - Address space
    - Multihoming
    - One AS Number per network

R...
32-bit AS Numbers
Global policy on 32-bit ASN deployment schedule:

1 Jan 2008:    16-bit default, 32-bit on request

1 Ja...
32-bit AS Numbers and You
Can you handle a new AS number like “AS 200432”?
If not, please don’t wait anymore!

Prepare for...
Routing Information Service
What is RIS?
A really really large database of BGP routing information

Free to use for any purpose, by anyone

Collected ...
15 Remote Route Collectors (RRCs)
RIS tools
http://www.ripe.net/ris/

Allows searching in last 3 months of data

Search allows you to search for RIS data fo...
More information:

www.ripe.net


arno@ripe.net
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Update: IP addresses AS numbers and related things...

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Presentation given during PLNOG 2 in Warsow, Poland
Athor: Arno Meulenkamp

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Update: IP addresses AS numbers and related things...

  1. 1. Update: IP addresses AS numbers and related things... PLNOG 16 January 2009 Arno Meulenkamp
  2. 2. RIPE NCC RIPE IPv4 IPv6 Provider Independent Addresses AS32 Routing Information Service
  3. 3. RIPE NCC Located in Amsterdam Not for profit membership organisation 6064 active members (1 jan 2008) 695 new members in 2008 Started by the RIPE community in 1992 One of five RIRs
  4. 4. The 5 RIRs
  5. 5. IP Address Distribution /0 IANA /8 RIR /21 LIR /23 /25 /25 End User Allocation PA Assignment PI Assignment
  6. 6. Registration
  7. 7. Aggregation
  8. 8. Conservation
  9. 9. IPv4 Address Pool - 2005 Central Registry 25% available APNIC RIPE NCC LACNIC AfriNIC ARIN
  10. 10. IPv4 Address Pool - Now Other Central Registry 13% available RIPE NCC APNIC AfriNIC LACNIC ARIN
  11. 11. IPv4 Address Pool - The Future
  12. 12. Stages of Grief Denial Anger Bargaining Depression Acceptance
  13. 13. IPv6 Allocations and Announcements 1000 750 500 250 Allocations Announcements 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
  14. 14. Getting an IPv6 allocation To qualify, an organisation must: Be an LIR Advertise the allocation as a single prefix Have a plan for making assignments within two years Minimum allocation size /32
  15. 15. IPv6 Transition
  16. 16. Procedural changes...
  17. 17. How Policy Is Made ICANN / IANA ASO / NRO AfriNIC RIPE NCC Reach consensus across communities ARIN APNIC LACNIC AfriNIC RIPE ARIN APNIC LACNIC community community community community community proposal proposal Global proposal Policy Proposal proposal proposal
  18. 18. Direct End User assignments changes Starting with RIPE NCC Charging Scheme 2009 Changes already applied to new members Charges for PI address space and AS numbers RIPE Policy Proposal 2007-01
  19. 19. What do the changes mean? No impact on fee for vast majority of LIRs Minimal impact for LIRs with many Direct End User assignments Contract with end user needs to be renewed Implementation of procedures is being worked on
  20. 20. PI address space user choices • Renew contract with their original LIR • Find a new sponsoring LIR • Get a direct end user contract with RIPE NCC • Become LIR • Return the address space
  21. 21. New and improved ASNs
  22. 22. Autonomous System Numbers Assignment requirements - Address space - Multihoming - One AS Number per network Requesting AS Numbers - Create organisation and mntner objects - Submit the AS Number request form - Submit company registration documents
  23. 23. 32-bit AS Numbers Global policy on 32-bit ASN deployment schedule: 1 Jan 2008: 16-bit default, 32-bit on request 1 Jan 2009: 32-bit default, 16-bit on request 1 Jan 2010: Only 32-bit AS Numbers
  24. 24. 32-bit AS Numbers and You Can you handle a new AS number like “AS 200432”? If not, please don’t wait anymore! Prepare for 32-bit AS numbers in your organisation: - Check whether your hardware is compatible; if not, ask your hardware vendor for support - Check whether your upstream provider is running compatible hardware; if not, encourage them to upgrade!
  25. 25. Routing Information Service
  26. 26. What is RIS? A really really large database of BGP routing information Free to use for any purpose, by anyone Collected from BGP peers around the world 580 peers on 14 collectors ~90 peers send full tables (including your prefixes) Every update, every route received from peers is stored
  27. 27. 15 Remote Route Collectors (RRCs)
  28. 28. RIS tools http://www.ripe.net/ris/ Allows searching in last 3 months of data Search allows you to search for RIS data for a specific prefix or Autonomous System Raw data available in standard format Mostly used for research purposes Kept forever - collection started in 1999
  29. 29. More information: www.ripe.net arno@ripe.net

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