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IPv4 depletion & IPv6 deployment in the RIPE NCC service region

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by Kjell Leknes at "Seminar: Focus for companies and organisations in Sweden about IPv6", in April 2010

by Kjell Leknes at "Seminar: Focus for companies and organisations in Sweden about IPv6", in April 2010

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  • 1. IPv4 depletion & IPv6 deployment in the RIPE NCC service region Kjell Leknes - June 2010
  • 2. Outline • About RIPE and RIPE NCC • IPv4 depletion • IPv6 deployment • Engaging the community - RIPE NCC and the RIPE community - Training courses - IPv6 Act Now 2
  • 3. RIPE NCC • Since 1992 in Amsterdam • Independent not-for-profit organisation • 6500+ members in 75 countries • One of five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) • Does not make policies 3
  • 4. The five RIRs 4
  • 5. IP address distribution /0 IANA /8 RIR /21 LIR /23 /25 /25 End User Allocation PA Assignment PI Assignment 5
  • 6. RIPE NCC services • Distribute resources • Database Reverse DNS - IPv4 • ENUM - IPv6 • K-root name server - AS numbers • E-learning • Training courses - LIR • RIPE Labs - Routing Registry • IPv6 Act Now website - DNS for LIRs - IPv6 6
  • 7. RIPE community • Policy forum - Not a legal entity - No official membership - Open to everyone • One RIPE chairman and working group chairs • No voting --> consensus • Work done on mailing lists and at meetings by: - Working groups - Task forces 7
  • 8. RIPE meetings • Two RIPE meetings per year • Plenary discussions - Wide ranging topics • Working group meetings - More specific focus • Policy discussions • Exchange of views and information • Interaction with other internet stakeholders 8
  • 9. RIPE policy development • Open - Anyone can participate - Policy meetings - Mailing lists • Transparent - List discussions archived publicly - Meetings transcribed • Bottom-up process - By the Internet community 9
  • 10. Global policy development AfriNIC RIPE NCC ARIN APNIC LACNIC AfriNIC RIPE ARIN APNIC LACNIC community community community community community proposal proposal proposal proposal proposal 10
  • 11. Global policy development ICANN / IANA ASO AfriNIC Reach consensusARIN RIPE NCC across communities APNIC LACNIC AfriNIC RIPE ARIN APNIC LACNIC community community community community community proposal proposal Global proposal Policy Proposal proposal proposal 10
  • 12. IPv4 depletion
  • 13. IPv4 address pool - June 2005 Other Central Registry 25% available APNIC RIPE NCC LACNIC AfriNIC ARIN 12
  • 14. IPv4 address pool - Now Various Other RIPE NCC 6% AfriNIC available APNIC ARIN LACNIC 13
  • 15. What we know • RIRs are in total consistently consuming around 10 /8s each year • There are 16 /8 blocks remaining in the global free pool in June 2010 • Projected exhaustion of the global IPv4 free pool August 2011 • IPv6 adoption is the only way to ensure continued Internet growth 14
  • 16. IPv4 address pool projections IANA Pool RIR Allocations Advertised RIR Pool Today 256 Data Projection 220 192 128 64 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 15
  • 17. IPv4 allocation reduction • RIPE NCC currently allocates up to 12 months • As of 1 July 2010 - 9 months • As of 1 January 2011 - 6 months • As of 1 July 2011 - 3 months 16
  • 18. IPv4 reclamation • RIPE NCC reclaim addressing based on: - Non payment - Returned by LIR - LIRs pending closure • RIPE NCC has so far reclaimed 5,730,304 IPs 17
  • 19. The last /8 • LIRs may receive only one allocation • Max allocation size /22 (1024 IPs) • Only available to LIRs having an IPv6 allocation • /16 (65 536 IPs) will be reserved for unforeseen circumstances 18
  • 20. IPv6 deployment
  • 21. Getting an IPv6 allocation • Must be an LIR • LIR must plan to deploy IPv6 within 2 years • Minimum allocation size /32 - 65536 /48’s • Customer assignments (end sites) between: - /64 (1 subnet) - /48 (65536 subnets) • Every subnet should be a /64 • Announce as single prefix recommended 20
  • 22. Getting IPv6 provider independent (PI) space • To qualify you must: - Demonstrate you will multihome - Meet the contractual requirements • Minimum assignment size /48 • Can only be used for infrastructure 21
  • 23. IPv6 allocations and announcements 1500 RIPE NCC Allocations Announcements 1200 900 600 300 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 22
  • 24. IPv6 allocations and announcements 1500 RIPE NCC Allocations Announcements 1200 900 600 300 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 22
  • 25. IPv6 allocations and announcements 1500 RIPE NCC Allocations Announcements 1200 900 600 300 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 22
  • 26. Engaging the community • RIPE / RIPE NCC events - RIPE IPv6 working groups - RIPE cooperation working group - RIPE NCC government roundtables • Other fora: - Internet Governance Forum (IGF) - OECD - ITU events - European Commission (EC) • IPv6 Act Now website 23
  • 27. www.IPv6ActNow.org 24
  • 28. Questions?