Moving Towards IPv6

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Presentation given by Ferenc Csorba and Marco Hogewoning at Liberty Global Technology Summit

Presentation given by Ferenc Csorba and Marco Hogewoning at Liberty Global Technology Summit

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  • 1. Moving TowardsIPv6Liberty Global Technology SummitMarco HogewoningFerenc CsorbaRIPE NCC
  • 2. The Five RIRs 2
  • 3. RIPE NCC• Service region: Europe, Middle East and parts of Central Asia• Supports coordination of Internet operations• Not-for-profit membership organisation• Over 7,000 members• Neutral, impartial, open and transparent• RIPE: self regulated, open to everyone 3
  • 4. Activities• Distributing and managing number resources• Routing Registry• Statistics and measurements• Education• K-root• ENUM root zone 4
  • 5. IP Address Distribution IANA AfriNIC ARIN RIPE NCC APNIC LACNIC 7,000 LIRs End Users 5
  • 6. The Goals
  • 7. Registration 7
  • 8. Conservation 8
  • 9. Aggregation 9
  • 10. The Problem
  • 11. 4,294,967,296 11
  • 12. IANA IPv4 Pool40%30%20%10% 0% 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 12
  • 13. The Solution
  • 14. Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6)• Uses 128 bit address space• Allows for far more than 4 billion addresses• Designed in 1992• Not backwards compatible with IPv4 14
  • 15. 340,282,366,920,938,463,463,374,607,431,768,211,456 15
  • 16. The Challenge
  • 17. IPv4 IPv6 17
  • 18. IPv4IPv6 Time 18
  • 19. IPv4 ? IPv6 Time now 19
  • 20. Challenges• Technology has to be ready• Requires training• Requires a different view on the product 20
  • 21. The Alternatives
  • 22. Network Address Translation• Extends the capacity of the IPv4 address space by sharing an IPv4 address between clients• Fairly common technology, used everywhere• Breaks the end to end connectivity model• It limits development!• You are probably going to need it in some form 22
  • 23. The Statistics
  • 24. How Many Addresses Left?http://www.ripe.net/internet-coordination/ipv4-exhaustion/ipv4-available-pool-graph 24
  • 25. IPv6 RIPEness• Rating system designed to monitor progress in the deployment of IPv6• Four “stars” to earn, based on the level of deployment: – First star for getting an IPv6 allocation – Subsequent stars awarded for visibility, route objects and reverse DNS• Only lists RIPE NCC members 25
  • 26. Total Membership (7732 LIRs) 1 star 13% 2 stars 5% 3 stars 10% No IPv6 55% 4 stars 16% (1 September 2011) 26
  • 27. Liberty Global Markets100%80%60%40%20% 0% NL BE IE DE CH AT CZ PL SK HU RO No IPv6 1 star 2 star 3 star 4 star 27
  • 28. Questions?