Measuring World IPv6 Day

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Presentation given by Emile Aben at 5th Slovenian IPv6 summit

Presentation given by Emile Aben at 5th Slovenian IPv6 summit

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  • 1. MeasuringWorld IPv6 DayEmile Aben, RIPE NCCemile.aben@ripe.net5th Slovenian IPv6 summit 1
  • 2. The 5 RIRs 2 2
  • 3. RIPE / RIPE NCCRIPE Network operator community Develops addressing policies Working groups + mailing lists Upcoming meetings: Dubrovnik 6-9 Sep 2011 (regional) Vienna 31 Oct- 4 Nov 2011RIPE NCC In Amsterdam, since 1992 Not for profit membership organisation One of five RIRs - distributes IP & ASN 3 3
  • 4. RIPE NCC was already measuring IPv6• IPv6 enabled networks• IPv6 “RIPEness”• and lots more ... – See RIPE Labs at http://labs.ripe.netEmile Aben, 2011-06 4 4
  • 5. IPv6 enabled networks World RIPE NCC region Slovenia http://v6asns.ripe.net/20%18%16%14%12%10% 8% 6% 4% 2% 0% 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011Emile Aben, 2011-06 5 5
  • 6. IPv6 enabled networks World RIPE NCC region Slovenia http://v6asns.ripe.net/20%18%16%14%12%10% 8% 6% 4% 2% 0% 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011Emile Aben, 2011-06 5 5
  • 7. IPv6 enabled networks World RIPE NCC region Slovenia http://v6asns.ripe.net/20%18%16%14%12%10% 8% 6% 4% 2% 0% 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011Emile Aben, 2011-06 5 5
  • 8. IPv6 enabled networks World RIPE NCC region Slovenia http://v6asns.ripe.net/20%18%16%14%12%10% 8% 6% 4% 2% 0% 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011Emile Aben, 2011-06 5 5
  • 9. IPv6 RIPEness IPv6 ’ripeness’ rating of LIRs per country (2011 05 30) Rates LIRs based on 4 IPv6 All (7512 LIRs)• Albania (21 LIRs) Armenia (20 LIRs) Austria (145 LIRs) Azerbaijan (25 LIRs) Bahrain (23 LIRs) Belarus (14 LIRs) Belgium (118 LIRs) indicators Bosnia Herzegovina (28 LIRs) Bulgaria (76 LIRs) Croatia (23 LIRs) Cyprus (21 LIRs) Czech Republic (206 LIRs) Denmark (114 LIRs) EU (71 LIRs) Estonia (30 LIRs) – has address space Finland (123 LIRs) France (389 LIRs) Georgia (25 LIRs) Germany (756 LIRs) Gibraltar (10 LIRs) Greece (41 LIRs) Hungary (83 LIRs) Iceland (31 LIRs) – address space announced Iran (97 LIRs) Iraq (19 LIRs) Ireland (82 LIRs) Isle of Man (5 LIRs) Israel (34 LIRs) Italy (467 LIRs) Jordan (33 LIRs) – route6 object in RIPE DB Kazakhstan (46 LIRs) Kuwait (31 LIRs) Kyrgyzstan (13 LIRs) Latvia (51 LIRs) Lebanon (27 LIRs) Liechtenstein (8 LIRs) Lithuania (35 LIRs) Luxembourg (40 LIRs) – reverse DNS Macedonia (19 LIRs) Malta (18 LIRs) Moldova (15 LIRs) Montenegro (8 LIRs) Netherlands (369 LIRs) Norway (155 LIRs) Oman (5 LIRs) http://ripeness.ripe.net/ Palestinian Territory (17 LIRs)• Poland (202 LIRs) Portugal (36 LIRs) Qatar (6 LIRs) Romania (35 LIRs) Russian Federation (1050 LIRs) Saudi Arabia (60 LIRs) Serbia (69 LIRs) Slovak Republic (53 LIRs) Slovenia (42 LIRs) Spain (290 LIRs) Sweden (256 LIRs) Switzerland (226 LIRs) Syria (12 LIRs) Tajikistan (8 LIRs) Turkey (118 LIRs) Ukraine (146 LIRs) United Arab Emirates (17 LIRs) United Kingdom (857 LIRs) Uzbekistan (16 LIRs) 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 1star 2star 3star 4star 0starEmile Aben, 2011-06 6 6
  • 10. IPv6 RIPEness IPv6 ’ripeness’ rating of LIRs per country (2011 05 30) Rates LIRs based on 4 IPv6 All (7512 LIRs)• Albania (21 LIRs) Armenia (20 LIRs) Austria (145 LIRs) Azerbaijan (25 LIRs) Bahrain (23 LIRs) Belarus (14 LIRs) Belgium (118 LIRs) indicators Bosnia Herzegovina (28 LIRs) Bulgaria (76 LIRs) Croatia (23 LIRs) Cyprus (21 LIRs) Czech Republic (206 LIRs) Denmark (114 LIRs) EU (71 LIRs) Estonia (30 LIRs) – has address space Finland (123 LIRs) France (389 LIRs) Georgia (25 LIRs) Germany (756 LIRs) Gibraltar (10 LIRs) Greece (41 LIRs) Hungary (83 LIRs) Iceland (31 LIRs) – address space announced Iran (97 LIRs) Iraq (19 LIRs) Ireland (82 LIRs) Isle of Man (5 LIRs) Israel (34 LIRs) Italy (467 LIRs) Jordan (33 LIRs) – route6 object in RIPE DB Kazakhstan (46 LIRs) Kuwait (31 LIRs) Kyrgyzstan (13 LIRs) Latvia (51 LIRs) Lebanon (27 LIRs) Liechtenstein (8 LIRs) Lithuania (35 LIRs) Luxembourg (40 LIRs) – reverse DNS Macedonia (19 LIRs) Malta (18 LIRs) Moldova (15 LIRs) Montenegro (8 LIRs) Netherlands (369 LIRs) Norway (155 LIRs) Oman (5 LIRs) http://ripeness.ripe.net/ Palestinian Territory (17 LIRs)• Poland (202 LIRs) Portugal (36 LIRs) Qatar (6 LIRs) Romania (35 LIRs) Russian Federation (1050 LIRs) Saudi Arabia (60 LIRs) Serbia (69 LIRs) Slovak Republic (53 LIRs) Slovenia (42 LIRs) Spain (290 LIRs) Sweden (256 LIRs) Switzerland (226 LIRs) Syria (12 LIRs) Tajikistan (8 LIRs) You are here! Turkey (118 LIRs) Ukraine (146 LIRs) United Arab Emirates (17 LIRs) United Kingdom (857 LIRs) Uzbekistan (16 LIRs) 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 1star 2star 3star 4star 0starEmile Aben, 2011-06 6 6
  • 11. World IPv6 Day 7
  • 12. World IPv6 Day• When: 8 June 2011• What: Content providers will dual-stack content for 24hrs – Including: Google, Yahoo, Facebook• RIPE NCC measurement efforts: – IPv6 Eye Chart – Active monitoring of v6day participants – 6to4 performanceEmile Aben, 2011-06 8 8
  • 13. IPv6 Eye Charthttp://ipv6eyechart.ripe.net/ 9
  • 14. IPv6 Eye Chart• Single webpage for end users to check connectivity before and during World IPv6 day• Fetch content from WIPv6 participants, and from already dual-stacked websites (RIRs, others)• Measure to multiple real targets• Goal: Bring down ‘dual-stack brokenness’ – 0.013% and falling (source: Google)• Specific problem: partial reachabilityEmile Aben, 2011-06 10 10
  • 15. IPv6 Eye-chart: all OK• If everything OK before World IPv6 day: 6Emile Aben, 2011-06 11 11
  • 16. IPv6 Eye-chart: Not OK• Host with ‘problematic’ IPv6. Before World IPv6: 6• Please fix before 8 June! – Otherwise no Google, Facebook, Yahoo, etc for you.Emile Aben, 2011-06 12 12
  • 17. Partial reachability brokenness 6• Network operator needs to fix (not end-user)• Very rare, and also happens in IPv4Emile Aben, 2011-06 13 13
  • 18. Activemeasurementson World IPv6 Day(Soon to be on http://labs.ripe.net) 14
  • 19. Active Measurements - How?• Measurement infrastructure: – TTM: Test Traffic Measurement service – Infrastructure of 100+ machines distributed worldwide – 40+ are IPv6 enabled – High-precision measurements – CAIDA Ark – RIPE Atlas infrastructure (not probes) – OthersEmile Aben, 2011-06 15 15
  • 20. Active Measurements - What?• Distributed World IPv6 day measurements: – Are participating sites AAAA-ed – Ping and ping6 – Fetch content over A and AAAA – Traceroute and traceroute6Emile Aben, 2011-06 16 16
  • 21. Some stuff wealready saw 17
  • 22. Facebook doing a ‘dual-stack’ hourEmile Aben, 2011-06 18 18
  • 23. ... and Yahoo testing tooEmile Aben, 2011-06 19 19
  • 24. Google relative RTT IPv6/IPv4Emile Aben, 2011-06 20 20
  • 25. 6to4 RelativePerformanceBonus 21
  • 26. 6to4 Relative Performance• 6to4 allows IPv4-hosts to talk to IPv6-hosts• 6to4 is a concern for IPv4 to IPv6 transition – Seehttp://labs.ripe.net/Members/emileaben/6to4- how-bad-is-it-really – Some worries that 6to4 relays may not cope with load during World IPv6 day• Cooperate with BBN technologies, to measure performance of 6to4 relays in return pathsEmile Aben, 2011-06 22 22
  • 27. 6to4 Relative Delay Measurement IPv6 2001:db8::1 target Native IPv6 src dst IPv6 2002:c100:a1::1 target 6to4 src dst 6to4 relayEmile Aben, 2011-06 23 23
  • 28. Performance differenceEmile Aben, 2011-06 24 24
  • 29. Conclusion 25
  • 30. Conclusion• Hopefully it will be a very boring World IPv6 day, measurement-wise• Expect experience and data will show – Internet IPv6 is (and has been) production ready – If not: know what to improve• Keep an eye out on http://labs.ripe.net for the latest on measuring World IPv6 dayEmile Aben, 2011-06 26 26
  • 31. Questions? 27