IPv6 Act Now!
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IPv6 Act Now!

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Presentation given by Daniel Karrenberg in Berlin, 8 February 2011.

Presentation given by Daniel Karrenberg in Berlin, 8 February 2011.

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IPv6 Act Now! IPv6 Act Now! Presentation Transcript

  • IPv6, Act Now!Daniel Karrenberg, RIPE NCC Chief Scientist
  • Who is talking: Daniel Karrenberg• 1980s: helped build Internet in Europe – EUnet, Ebone, IXes, ... – RIPE• 1990s: helped build RIPE NCC – 1st CEO: 1992-2000• 2000s: Chief Scientist & Public Service – Trustee of the Internet Society: IETF, ... – Interests: Internet measurements, stability, trust & identity in the Internet, ...Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 2
  • The five Regional Internet RegistriesDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 3
  • RIPE NCC• One of 5 Regional Internet Registries• Supports coordination of Internet operations• Not for profit membership organisation• 7000+ members• Distributes Internet resources to members• RIPE DB, training, information services, measurements• RIPE: Bottom-up, self-regulated, open to everyone• Neutral, Impartial, Open, TransparentDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 4
  • Where do all the addresses come from? IETF IANA AfriNIC ARIN RIPE NCC APNIC LACNIC 7000 LIRs End UsersDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 5
  • Policy process: decision making IETF Standards IANA AfriNIC ARIN RIPE NCC APNIC LACNIC RIPE Community: Open to Operations everyoneDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 6
  • IPv4 exhaustion phases IPv4 still available. RIPE NCC’s allocation RIPE NCC can only RIPE NCC continues policy from last /8 distribute IPv6 distributing it applies ? now timeIANA pool RIPE NCC RIPE NCCexhausted reaches pool final /8 exhausted Each ofthe 5 RIRsgiven a /8Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 7
  • IPv4 allocation timeline IANA Pool RIR Allocations Advertised RIR Pool Today 256 Data Projection 192 128 64 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 8
  • IPv4 exhaustion phases IPv4 still available. RIPE NCC’s allocation RIPE NCC can only RIPE NCC continues policy from last /8 distribute IPv6 distributing it applies ? now timeIANA pool RIPE NCC RIPE NCCexhausted reaches pool final /8 exhausted Each ofthe 5 RIRsgiven a /8Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 9
  • Last /8 address block the of the RIPE NCC• Last /8 distributed according to RIPE community policy ripe-509• Ensures IPv4 access for future members – 16000+ /22s in a /8 – members can get one /22 only (1000+ addresses) – must already hold IPv6 – must qualify for allocation• /16 set aside for unforeseen situations – if unused, will be distributedDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 10
  • IPv4 address pool: /8-s used in each region806040200 RIPE NCC AfriNIC ARIN LACNIC APNIC Other IANA OrganisationsDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 11
  • IPv6 address distribution /3 IANA /12 RIR /32 LIR /48 /56 /48 End User Allocation PA Assignment PI AssignmentDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 12
  • Deploy production grade IPv6 now !• Regional Internet Registries will have to start turning down requests for IPv4 addresses in 2011• Networks need to continue growing• Deploy production grade IPv6 now ! – The time for excuses is over – The time for experiments is overDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 13
  • What does an IPv6 allocation cost?• /32 = 1 scoring unit• /31 = 2 scoring units• points = ∑(2010-1992)x(scoring unit) =18x1+... Category Points Fee 2010 Extra Small 0 - 16 € 1300 Small - 111 € 1800 Medium - 936 € 2550 Large - 7116 € 4100 Extra Large > 7116 € 5500Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 14
  • Number of addresses (rounded off)• IPv4 – 4,000,000,000• IPv6 – 300000000000000000000000000000000000000Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 15
  • IPv4 vs IPv6 (rounded off) IPv4 IPv6addresses 4x109 3x1038 allocationsto members 2x106 4x109 in each allocation: in each allocation:addresses 2000 8x1028 Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 16
  • IPv6 RIPEness – total membership 1 star 2 stars 3 stars 4 stars No IPv6 1 star 11% No IPv6 2 stars 65% 5% 3 stars 8% 4 stars 11%Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 17
  • IPv6 RIPEness – countries100%67%33% 0% Germany France Netherlands UK Austria Switzerland Slovenia 4 Stars 3 Stars 2 Stars 1 Star 0 Stars Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 18
  • IPv6 enabled ASes in global routing All Germany Belgium France Netherlands40%33%27%20%13%7%0% 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 19
  • Google’s IPv6 Stats• Notice the recent acceleration of “native”• Still too slowDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 20
  • Some real world examples• Deploy production grade IPv6 now ! – The time for excuses is over – The time for experiments is over• It can be done !Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 21
  • Some real world examples• heise online – Major German IT Site – Operating www.six.heise.de since 2009 – Switched on IPv6 on main site for 24 hours in September 2010 – Very few problems, decided to keep it switched on!Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 22
  • Some real world examples• xs4all – Dutch Internet Service Provider (ISP) – 270,000 customers – Offering IPv6 as standard to home users since August 2010 – Only 1.5% of customer base opted in by November 2010 – “Customers don’t want to spend much effort” Marco Hogewoning, XS4ALLDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 23
  • Some real world examples• Hetzner – Major German Hosting Provider – Offering IPv6 at no additional cost for severs – Set-up extremely easy – IPv6 connectivity production gradeDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 24
  • Some real world examples Wikileaks Mirrors ad-hoc VolunteersDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 25
  • Deploy production grade IPv6 now !• Regional Internet Registries will have to start turning down requests for IPv4 addresses in 2011• Networks need to continue growing• Deploy production grade IPv6 now ! – The time for excuses is over – The time for experiments is overDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 26
  • Join the IPv6 Day on 8 June 2011!• Major organisations offer all content over IPv6 for a day – Google, Facebook, Yahoo!, Akamai, Limelight NW, etc• Test drive• IPv4 not “switched off”• Want to participate? – http://isoc.org/wp/worldipv6day/ – content providers: dual stack & AAAA records in DNSDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 27
  • Questions?