IPv6, Act Now!Daniel Karrenberg, RIPE NCC Chief Scientist
Who is talking: Daniel Karrenberg•   1980s: helped build Internet in Europe     – EUnet,          Ebone, IXes, ...     – R...
The five Regional Internet RegistriesDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011      3
RIPE NCC•   One of 5 Regional Internet Registries•   Supports coordination of Internet operations•   Not for profit members...
Where do all the addresses come from?                                        IETF                                        I...
Policy process: decision making                                            IETF                                           ...
IPv4 exhaustion phases                      IPv4 still available.     RIPE NCC’s allocation                               ...
IPv4 allocation timeline                IANA Pool               RIR Allocations            Advertised             RIR Pool...
IPv4 exhaustion phases                      IPv4 still available.     RIPE NCC’s allocation                               ...
Last /8 address block the of the RIPE NCC•   Last /8 distributed according to RIPE community    policy ripe-509•   Ensures...
IPv4 address pool: /8-s used in each region806040200      RIPE NCC         AfriNIC       ARIN   LACNIC   APNIC   Other IAN...
IPv6 address distribution                                             /3                             IANA                 ...
Deploy production grade IPv6 now !•   Regional Internet Registries will have to start    turning down requests for IPv4 ad...
What does an IPv6 allocation cost?•   /32 = 1 scoring unit•   /31 = 2 scoring units•   points = ∑(2010-1992)x(scoring unit...
Number of addresses (rounded off)•   IPv4     – 4,000,000,000•   IPv6     – 300000000000000000000000000000000000000Daniel ...
IPv4 vs IPv6 (rounded off)                                IPv4               IPv6addresses                             4x1...
IPv6 RIPEness – total membership                 1 star              2 stars   3 stars   4 stars                No IPv6   ...
IPv6 RIPEness – countries100%67%33% 0%          Germany             France     Netherlands     UK      Austria     Switzer...
IPv6 enabled ASes in global routing                       All         Germany      Belgium      France          Netherland...
Google’s IPv6 Stats•   Notice the recent acceleration of “native”•   Still too slowDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011     ...
Some real world examples•   Deploy production grade IPv6 now !           – The        time for excuses is over           –...
Some real world examples•   heise online     – Major         German IT Site     – Operating              www.six.heise.de ...
Some real world examples•   xs4all     – Dutch          Internet Service Provider (ISP)     – 270,000             customer...
Some real world examples•   Hetzner     – Major         German Hosting Provider     – Offering          IPv6 at no additio...
Some real world examples     Wikileaks      Mirrors    ad-hoc   VolunteersDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011   25
Deploy production grade IPv6 now !•   Regional Internet Registries will have to    start turning down requests for IPv4   ...
Join the IPv6 Day on 8 June 2011!•   Major organisations offer all content over IPv6    for a day     –   Google, Facebook...
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IPv6 Act Now!

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Presentation given by Daniel Karrenberg in Berlin, 8 February 2011.

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IPv6 Act Now!

  1. 1. IPv6, Act Now!Daniel Karrenberg, RIPE NCC Chief Scientist
  2. 2. Who is talking: Daniel Karrenberg• 1980s: helped build Internet in Europe – EUnet, Ebone, IXes, ... – RIPE• 1990s: helped build RIPE NCC – 1st CEO: 1992-2000• 2000s: Chief Scientist & Public Service – Trustee of the Internet Society: IETF, ... – Interests: Internet measurements, stability, trust & identity in the Internet, ...Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 2
  3. 3. The five Regional Internet RegistriesDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 3
  4. 4. RIPE NCC• One of 5 Regional Internet Registries• Supports coordination of Internet operations• Not for profit membership organisation• 7000+ members• Distributes Internet resources to members• RIPE DB, training, information services, measurements• RIPE: Bottom-up, self-regulated, open to everyone• Neutral, Impartial, Open, TransparentDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 4
  5. 5. Where do all the addresses come from? IETF IANA AfriNIC ARIN RIPE NCC APNIC LACNIC 7000 LIRs End UsersDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 5
  6. 6. Policy process: decision making IETF Standards IANA AfriNIC ARIN RIPE NCC APNIC LACNIC RIPE Community: Open to Operations everyoneDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 6
  7. 7. IPv4 exhaustion phases IPv4 still available. RIPE NCC’s allocation RIPE NCC can only RIPE NCC continues policy from last /8 distribute IPv6 distributing it applies ? now timeIANA pool RIPE NCC RIPE NCCexhausted reaches pool final /8 exhausted Each ofthe 5 RIRsgiven a /8Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 7
  8. 8. IPv4 allocation timeline IANA Pool RIR Allocations Advertised RIR Pool Today 256 Data Projection 192 128 64 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 8
  9. 9. IPv4 exhaustion phases IPv4 still available. RIPE NCC’s allocation RIPE NCC can only RIPE NCC continues policy from last /8 distribute IPv6 distributing it applies ? now timeIANA pool RIPE NCC RIPE NCCexhausted reaches pool final /8 exhausted Each ofthe 5 RIRsgiven a /8Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 9
  10. 10. Last /8 address block the of the RIPE NCC• Last /8 distributed according to RIPE community policy ripe-509• Ensures IPv4 access for future members – 16000+ /22s in a /8 – members can get one /22 only (1000+ addresses) – must already hold IPv6 – must qualify for allocation• /16 set aside for unforeseen situations – if unused, will be distributedDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 10
  11. 11. IPv4 address pool: /8-s used in each region806040200 RIPE NCC AfriNIC ARIN LACNIC APNIC Other IANA OrganisationsDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 11
  12. 12. IPv6 address distribution /3 IANA /12 RIR /32 LIR /48 /56 /48 End User Allocation PA Assignment PI AssignmentDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 12
  13. 13. Deploy production grade IPv6 now !• Regional Internet Registries will have to start turning down requests for IPv4 addresses in 2011• Networks need to continue growing• Deploy production grade IPv6 now ! – The time for excuses is over – The time for experiments is overDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 13
  14. 14. What does an IPv6 allocation cost?• /32 = 1 scoring unit• /31 = 2 scoring units• points = ∑(2010-1992)x(scoring unit) =18x1+... Category Points Fee 2010 Extra Small 0 - 16 € 1300 Small - 111 € 1800 Medium - 936 € 2550 Large - 7116 € 4100 Extra Large > 7116 € 5500Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 14
  15. 15. Number of addresses (rounded off)• IPv4 – 4,000,000,000• IPv6 – 300000000000000000000000000000000000000Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 15
  16. 16. IPv4 vs IPv6 (rounded off) IPv4 IPv6addresses 4x109 3x1038 allocationsto members 2x106 4x109 in each allocation: in each allocation:addresses 2000 8x1028 Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 16
  17. 17. IPv6 RIPEness – total membership 1 star 2 stars 3 stars 4 stars No IPv6 1 star 11% No IPv6 2 stars 65% 5% 3 stars 8% 4 stars 11%Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 17
  18. 18. IPv6 RIPEness – countries100%67%33% 0% Germany France Netherlands UK Austria Switzerland Slovenia 4 Stars 3 Stars 2 Stars 1 Star 0 Stars Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 18
  19. 19. IPv6 enabled ASes in global routing All Germany Belgium France Netherlands40%33%27%20%13%7%0% 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 19
  20. 20. Google’s IPv6 Stats• Notice the recent acceleration of “native”• Still too slowDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 20
  21. 21. Some real world examples• Deploy production grade IPv6 now ! – The time for excuses is over – The time for experiments is over• It can be done !Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 21
  22. 22. Some real world examples• heise online – Major German IT Site – Operating www.six.heise.de since 2009 – Switched on IPv6 on main site for 24 hours in September 2010 – Very few problems, decided to keep it switched on!Daniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 22
  23. 23. Some real world examples• xs4all – Dutch Internet Service Provider (ISP) – 270,000 customers – Offering IPv6 as standard to home users since August 2010 – Only 1.5% of customer base opted in by November 2010 – “Customers don’t want to spend much effort” Marco Hogewoning, XS4ALLDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 23
  24. 24. Some real world examples• Hetzner – Major German Hosting Provider – Offering IPv6 at no additional cost for severs – Set-up extremely easy – IPv6 connectivity production gradeDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 24
  25. 25. Some real world examples Wikileaks Mirrors ad-hoc VolunteersDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 25
  26. 26. Deploy production grade IPv6 now !• Regional Internet Registries will have to start turning down requests for IPv4 addresses in 2011• Networks need to continue growing• Deploy production grade IPv6 now ! – The time for excuses is over – The time for experiments is overDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 26
  27. 27. Join the IPv6 Day on 8 June 2011!• Major organisations offer all content over IPv6 for a day – Google, Facebook, Yahoo!, Akamai, Limelight NW, etc• Test drive• IPv4 not “switched off”• Want to participate? – http://isoc.org/wp/worldipv6day/ – content providers: dual stack & AAAA records in DNSDaniel Karrenberg, 8 February 2011 27
  28. 28. Questions?

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